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We had an absolutely perfect day with our tour guide - Rogin Luo - who took us for a hike along The Great Wall! Didn't know what to expect and were thrilled to have him as our guide. Very imformative, knowledgable and fun! We go to experience a part of The Great Wall that was unrestored and see all its natural beauty. Got a long history lesson along the way!

After the hike, we all went to lunch at a small place at the bottom of the hill. Located in a house, we ate lunch in the proprietors bedroom! What a hoot! Rogin is the Best of the Best! This tour company delivered for us and we are extremely grateful.

Karenkatz,
Westborough, Massachusetts
Reviews onTour-Beijing.Com
Learning Useful Chinese Phrases for Travellers

Do you want to learn some useful Chinese phrases before your planned travel to Beijing China? Now you are on the right page of free learning of useful Chinese phrases for travelers touring Beijing China.

It is quite useful and practical to learn some useful Chinese phrases if you have the chance to visit China. Chinese is a difficult language for most foreigners. But with some efforts foreign people still can master some useful and daily life sentneces to be used in their trips to Beijing China.

Learning some Chinese is a good way of understanding more of its culture. On this page you will learn some basic knowledge of Chinese languge. And we also has recommended you an useful Chinese phrase learning website for your practice. Never too old to learn. Don't hesitate! Let's start!

Language
The official language of the PRC is Putonghua or " Common Speech ", usually referred to the west as " Mandarin Chinese".


Tones
Chinese is a tonal language, a language with many homonyms ( words of different meaning but with similar pronunciation ). Mandarin has four tones:
First tone ( - ): the voice is pitched quite high,High and level;
Second tone ( / ): the voice rises rather like asking a question,rises to the top;
Third tone ( V ): the voice dips and then rises;
Fourth tone ( \ ): the voice starts at the top, then falls away.
Below is an example of how the tones change the meaning:

Tones Pinyin English Chinese
First tone ( - ) mother
Second tone ( / ) hemp
Third tone ( V ) horse
Fourth tone ( \ ) to scold

If you use the wrong tones, your listeners may not be able to understand you.


Pinyin ( spell & sound )
In 1958 the Chinese offically adopted a system known as pinyin as a method of writing their language using Roman alphabet. Pinyin is a romanization and not an anglicization; it makes use of Roman letters to represent sounds in Standard Mandarin. The way these letters represent sounds in Standard Mandarin will be different from other languages that make use of the Roman alphabet represent sound. Pinyin is quite useful in China, especially in majior cities, on shop fronts, street names and advertising etc. When Chinese people write their own names in Englsih, they use Pinyin.

English: Where are you from?
Putonghua ( Mandarin ): 你从哪里来?
Pinyin: Ni cong nai li lai?


Pronunciation
The main purpose of pinyin is to help people learn Standard Mandarin pronunciation. Pinyin vowels are pronounced quite similarly to the vowels in Romance languages, and most consonants are also similar to English. But there are some pitfalls: the strange pronunciation of x, q, c, zh, and z and the unvoiced pronunciation of d, b, g, and j. The pronunciation of Chinese is generally offered in terms of initials and finals that represent the segmental phonemic portion of the language. Initials are initial consonants and finals are all possible mixtures of medials, the nucleus vowel, final vowel or consonant.


Written Language
Chinese language characters look like kind of pictures, and often referred to as a language of " pictographs". But many of the Chinese words are actually quite abstract and stylished pictures of what they represent. Very often it is difficult to guess the meaning from its characters. A well-educated Chinese People should master 6000 charaters. Students should learn about 2000 characters to read Chinese newpapaer and books.


Simplifications
To raise literacy, China set up the Committee for Reforming the Chinese language in Beijing 1954. The committee has simplified over 2000 characters, reducing the number of strokes by about half. This reform is quite a success in the China mainland. But people in Taiwan and Hong Kong still use the traditional characters.


Useful Chinese Phrases
English Pinyin/ Characters Phenetics English
Greetings:
Hello

hǎo
你  好

knee how
Where are you from? nǐ cǒng nǎ lǐ lái
   你  从  哪  里  来?
knee tzaun nar lee lei
What is your name? nín guì xìng
您   贵   姓
neen gway shing
Good Bye zài jiàn
再  见
zi gee’en
Useful sayings:
Yes shì
shr
No bú  shì
不  是
boo shr
Right or Correct duì
dway
Wrong bú  duì
不  对
boo dway
No, thanks bú  yòng  le,  xiè  xiè
  不   用   了, 谢  谢
boo yong la, sheh sheh
Thank you xiè  xiè
   谢  谢!
sheh sheh
You are welcome bú  yòng  xiè
不   用   谢
boo yong sheh
Excuse me duì  bu  qǐ
对  不  起
dway boo chee
I do not understand wǒ tīng bù dǒng
我  听  不  懂
wore ting boo dong
I would like wǒ  yào
我  要
wore yeow
How much? duō shǎo qián
多   少   钱?
dor sheow chen
Too expensive tài guì le
太  贵  了
tie gway la

English Pinyin/ Characters Phenetics English
Make Directions:
Stop! tíng
停!
ting
Left zuǒ
zaw
Right yòu
yo
Go straight qián
chee’ an
There nà lǐ
那 里
nar lee
Here zhè lǐ
这 里
jur lee
Toilet cè suǒ
厕  所
tsur saw
In the restaurant:
Chopstick kuài zǐ
筷  子
kwhy za
Knife dao
dow
Fork cha  zi
 叉 子
char z
Spoon shao zi
  勺  子
sheow z
Water shuǐ
shway
Settle the Bill mǎi dān
买  单
my dan
English Pinyin/ Characters Phenetics English
Pronouns:
I / Me
wore
You
knee
He / She / It tā tā tā
他 / 她 / 它
tar
Numbers:
1
e
2 èr
r
3 sān
san
4
sz
5
oo
6 liù
leo
7
chee
8
bah
9 jiǔ
jeo
10 shí
shr


Chinese characters have been in existence for over 5,000 years. All though they have continued to develop, the basic form of writing was already established by 200 A.D. This makes it only a very interesting aspect of Chinese life, but also one of mankind's greatest achievement.

The 368 Chinese characters listed here are the root charaters or radicals. Of the 360 characters, some can function independently as characters, and are then contracted when they appear in combination.

woman;
girl;
daughter;
 
女儿 daughter
女工 woman worker
女皇 empress
女人 woman
女士 lady
女王 queen
女性 the famale
infant;
child;
son;
 
子弹 bullet
子弟 young generations
子女 children
子孙 descendants
子夜 midnight
子音 consonant
孩子 child


good;
right;
excellent;
 
好吃 delicious
好处 benefit;advantage
好感 good impression
好汉 worthy man
好久 a long time
好看 good looking
好听 pleasant to the ear
peace;
contentment;
 
 
安定 stable
安眠 sleep peacefully
安排 arrange
安全 safe;secure
安慰 comfort;console
安装 install;assemble
不安 unesay;worried


written;
character;
 
 
字典 dictionary
字号 name of shop
字迹 handwriting
字据 written receipt
字幕 subtitle
字体 style of calligraphy
写字 writing (words)
pig;
 
 
 
猪排 pork ribs
猪肉 pork
猪油 lard
猪肝色 maroon colour
懒猪 lazy pig
   
   


house;
family;
 
 
家产 family‘s propenty
家具 fumiture
家庭 family;home
家务 household chores
家乡 native place
家长 parents
家族 clan or the family
to marry;
a man ;
 
 
嫁娶 marriage
嫁人 get married
嫁妆 trousseau
出嫁 be married
   
   
   


wife;
 
 
 
妻舅 brother-in-law
妻室 legal wife
妻子 wife
贤妻 good wife
   
   
   
tree;
wood;
 
 
木材 timber
木筏 wooden raft
木工 carpentry
木瓜 papaya
木屐 clogs
木匠 carpenter
木料 timber;lumber


Chinese Phrases for travellers


Just a reminder
We recommend LTL Mandarin School, a mandarin language school offering courses, homestays and internships in China.


Questions & Answers:
Here is only for Questions and Answers. ( For anyone who wants to have an enquiry or customized tour, please email us to . )
*Name:      Country: No more than 2,000 characters, please.
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