Top Places to Visit in Inner Mongolia Inner Mongolia, or officially named The Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, is the third largest provinces in China with a area of 1.1 square kilometers, spanning 2400km from east to west, 1700km from north to south, resembling a flying eagle. It abuts to its east Heilongjiang Province, Jilin Province, Liaoning Province; to its south Hebei Province, Shanxi Province, Shaanxi Pronvince and Nixia Hui Autonomous Region; to its west Gansu Province. It also borders Mongolia and Russia to its north.
The Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region was established on May 01, 1947, the earliest minority autonomous religion in China. It administrates 3 leagues, 9 prefecture-level cities, 11 county-level cities, 17 counties, 49 banners, 3 autonomous banners and 21 distriscts directly administrated by the prefecture-level cities. Hohhot is the capital city of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Baotou is the largest the city in the region.
Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region is composed of multi ethnic groups. Han Chinese are the largest ethnic group, making up about 80% of the population. Mongols are the second largest ethnic group, constituting about 17% of the population. Other ethnic groups include the Daur, the Evenks, the Oroqin, the Hui, the Manchus, and the Koreans.
Inner Mongolia has rich natural resources and beautiful natural invironment. It has a reputation of "East Forest, West Steel, South Farming and North Herding", making a land teamed with valuables and beautiful pastures.
Great change has been taking place in Inner Mongolia since its establishment over 50 years before.
For visiting Inner Mongolia, most first time travelers would like to have some advice on the question of the top places to visit in Inner Mongolia. Well, different people have their own version of the top places in mind. As a local Inner Mongolia tour operator, we are happy to present you our version of the top 10, which our present travel business has reached. Hopefully this top 10 below will be helpful in preparing your mesmerizing Inner Mongolia trip.
|Sketch Map of Inner Mongolia ( Around Hohhot )|
|Choose your favorite top places to visit in Inner Mongolia|
|Hohhot City||Siziwang Qi ( Siziwang Banner)||Baotou City|
|Ordos City||Ejin Horo Banner||Hanggig Qi (Hangjin Banner)|
|Zhenglan Qi (Plain Blue Banner)||Duolun County (Dolonnur)||Erlianhot City|
1.Hohhot City (Prefecture-level)
Hohhot is the capital city of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, located approxi 650km west of Beijing. The name of the city in Mongolian literally means "Blue City." The color blue in Mongolian culture is linked with the sky, eternity and purity. The city was officially founded in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 AD).
It now administrates 4 districts, 4 counties, 1 Banner with a population of about 2.14 million, comprising the multi ethnic groups of Han Chinese, Mongols, Hui, Manchu, Korean, Daur.
Hohhot has a rich cultural and natural resources and well known for its historical sites and temples. So Hohhot is one of the major tourist destinations in Inner Mongolia. The major attractions are The Five-Pagoda Temple, Dazhao Monastery, Wang Zhaojun Tomb, Suiyuan City at Jiangjun Yashu and three famous pastures - Gegentala, Xilamuren and Huitengxile.
Hohhot is also nationally known as "Dairy Capital of China".
|Hohhot Climate ( Jan - Jun )|
|Average high °C (°F)||-5.0
|Average low °C (°F)||-16.8
|Precipitation mm (inches)||2.6
|Hohhot Climate ( Jul - Dec )|
|Average high °C (°F)||28.5
|Average low °C (°F)||16.4
|Precipitation mm (inches)||106.5
2. Siziwang Qi ( Siziwang Banner, a county-level)
Siziwang Banner is a banner (county-level) in Ulanqab, about 80 km north of Hohhot. Siziwang literally means "four princes". The name comes from four Mongol brothers, Sengge Suonuobu, Emubu and Yi'erzhamu, who were descendants of Khasar, a brother of Genghis Khan. There is a sculpture of the four original princes on the square in Siziwang Banner which was erected in 2003. This is aldo the primary landing site for manned Shenzhou spacecraft. The famous Gegentala Grassland is within the administration of Siziwang Banner.
Siziwang Banner administrates 4 townships, 6 villages with a population of over 200,000 people. Its ethnic groups incude Mongolians, Han, Hui, Manchu, Tibetan...It covers an area of 24016 sq km. Its annual average temperature falls 4.5 ºC. Its annual Precipitation is 321.6 mm.
3. Baotou City (prefecture-level)
Known as "the oriental Moscow" of Inner Mongolia, the city of Baotou is located 160km west of Hohhot. Baotou (four hours by train west of Hohhot) contains one of the largest steel mills in China. It is actually an industrial city as well as the largest city in Inner Mongolia. Baotou literally means "the land with deer". The city offers an easy access for travellers who want to travel the Gobi desert. The nearest and most accessible part of the Gobi is a sand dune filled gorge called Resonant Sand Gorge, about 60 kilometres south of Baotou.
Other important cultural sites are Wudangzhao Monastery and Meidai Lamasery. Wudangzhao Monastery is a big 18th century religious compound constructed in a unique Tibetan style of white wall and flat roof. Circled by lavish green hills, the 20-hectare temple was once a living place of over 1,200 Buddhist monks of the Yellow Hat Sect (Gelukpa).
Wudangzhao is home to a big crange of Buddhist art in the lamasery such as sculptures and mural paintings. It is also the only Tibetan Buddhist monastery in Inner Mongolia well preserved. Meidai Lamasery was originally built by Longqing Emperor Altan Khan, chief of Tumd Mongolian Tribe of the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644).
The famous Xilamuren Steppe is located in Darhan Muminggan United Banner in Baotou.
4.Ordos City (prefecture-level)
"Ordos" literally means "palaces" in the Mongolian language. Ordos City was established on February 26th 2001 from the former Ikh Juu League which name had been used for the area since the 17th Century. The local government of Ordos City is located in Dongsheng District. It administrates 1 district, 7 Banners with a population of over 1.37 million, which is composed of Han Chinese, Hui, Manchu... The city occupies an area of 86,752 sq km.
The city of Ordos has plentiful tourism resources. The most famous Resonant Sand Gorge is located in its administrative area. The resonant sand gorge, meaning “dune with bugle” in Mongolian, lies 65km the north of the Ordos city. The terrain is in the shape of crescent with the incline of 45 degree, coming into being a huge dune aftersound wall.
Genghis Khan's Mausoleum is a mausoleum constructed in commemoration of Genghis Khan, a Mongolian king (13th century) who once spreaded his empire from south China to the Caspian Sea. It is loacted about 180 kilometres southwest of Baotou, the main part of the tomb consists of three connecting Yurt structures that hold the show of a white jade statue of Genghis Khan, mural paintings that tells his life and replica.
The Ordos Grassland is located in Hanggig Banner in Ordos.
5. Ejin Horo Banner (county-level)
Ejin Horo Banner (Ejin Horo Qi) is under the administration of Ordos City. It is about 65km south from Dongsheng - the administrative center of Ordos City. It has an area of 5958 square kilometers, with a poulation of over 140,000. Great development has been made in the area of Ejin Horo, with the construction or improvement of roads, transportation centers, and accommodation for travellers and tourists.
Ejin Horo is where the Mausoleum of Genghis Khan is located. There is a heavy debate over whether the actual remains of Genghis Khan was buried here. But this doesn't discourage people in Chin to make pilgrimages to the mausoleum.
Its annual average temperature falls 6.2ºC. Its annual Precipitation is 358.2 mm. Its multi ethnic groups consist of Han Chinese, Mohgols, Tibetan, Uygur and more.
6. Hanggig Qi (Hangjin Banner,a county-level)
Hangjing Qi is a county-level county directly administrated by the city of Ordos. Hangjing Qi controls 5 towns, 2 villages with a population of 130,000 people. Its multi ethnic groups consist of Han Chinese, Mohgols, Tibetan, Uygur and more. It has an area of 18903 sq km. Its annual average temperature falls between 5.5 ºCand 8.0ºC. Its annual Precipitation is between 144.6 and 366 mm.
The Ordos Grassland is within Hangjing Qi, with an area of 600 square kilometers, consists of over 100 Mongolia yurts. These white yurts enchases in the green land, which is really good-looking. The whole grassland is divided into song and dance area, entertainment area, accommodation area, fete area, Mongolian folk area and so on.
7.Zhenglan Qi (Plain Blue Banner, a county-level)
Zhenglan Qi means Plain Blue Banner. It is a banner of Inner Mongolia. It is under the administration of Xilin Gol League. It is in the south of Xilin Gol league. It administrates 3 townships, 3 Sumu with a population of 80,000 people with ethnic groups composed of Han Chinese, Hui, Uygur, Tibetan... It has area of 9963 sq km. The average annual temperature is 1.5 0ºC. and the annual precioitation is 371mm.
Zhenglan Qi has abundance of resources especially coal, rare earth elements. Its grassland takes an area of 813 sq km. So Zhenglan Qi has herding as its main business. It also has rich historical sites like the relics of Yuanshangdu and the sumer palace of Khubilai. The most beautiful pasture - Jinlianchuan Grassland is in Zhenglan Qi where the original summer palace was built for Khubilai. The site of the Yuan Dynasty Upper Capital ( Shangdu, or Xanadu) - Kublai Khan's summer capital, is located on the north bank of Upper Capital River in the Jinlianchuan Prairie within Plain Blue Banner of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Marco Polo, his father and uncle arrived in Shangdu (Xanadu), in 1275 when Marco Polo was at the age of 21.
8.Duolun County (Dolonnur)
Duolun means "seven lakes" in Mongolian. Duolun County is an ancient county under the administration of Xilin Gol League. It administrates 2 townships, 3 villages with a popuations of 300, 000 people with ethnic groups composed of Han Chinese, Hui, Uygur, Tibetan... It has an area of 3773 sq km. The average annual temperature between 2 and .4ºC. and the annual precioitation is 407mm.
Scenic spots such as Nanshaliang, Luanyuan Hall, Huhen Lake and Huizong Monastery, have been developed and ready to receive summer tourists. Visitors can enjoy the blue sky and white clouds over the vast grassland, go horse-riding, do archery, sand sliding and river rafting. A grassland tour is the only way to witness and experience the authentic Mongolian way of life.
Animal husbandry is its main business including cattle cattle, horse, ships and donkeys. Its farming includes wheat, potatos and more. It has an abundant historical sites and temples.
Xishan Bay Scenic Area is located 30km southeast of Duolun County. The provincial-level road No.308 leads directly to the scenic area. Xishan Bay Reservoir has the water surface area of 20,000 Chinese acres with storage capacity 100,000,000 cubic meters. Its natural landscape is richly colorful with four distinctive seasons.
The scenes along the banks coupled by the lake island in the reservoir and the peninsula, the sand peninsula and the mountain, the water, the sand, the grass combined constitute a three-dimensional picture scroll.
9.Erlianhot City (county-level)
It is a county-level city under the administrtion of Xilin Gol. It is a border city abutting Mongolia. It administrates 1 Sumu, 3 Cmmunities with a population of 20,000 people. It is composed of Mongols, Manchu, Han, Korean... with a area of 950 sq km. The average annual temperature between 3.4ºC. and the annual precioitation is 142mm. Like any border city, it is something of a melting pot of races, though Mongolian is the unifying link. The city was founded as the train trade route between Inner and Outer Mongolia back in the 1950's.
It has gained much international attention since the 1920's with the discovery of dinosaur fossils in the Erlian Basin. The Gate of People's Republic of China is a must visit attraction if you first visit Erlianhot. Another not to miss spot is the Dinosaur Museum. the Erlian Basin Dinosaur Museum near the archaeological dig site. More than ten dinosaur species have been found in this area alone, and DNA evidence from fossils found here has further proved that birds likely evolved from dinosaurs.
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