Datong Travel GuideLocation: in the norht of Shanxi Province
Area: 14,176 square kilometers
Nationalities: Han, Mongolia, Manchu
History: During its long history, China has had many capitals. More than 1,500 years ago, Datong was the honored city. Its border location in the northern part of Shanxi Province, a notch south of Inner Mongolia, made it a convenient meeting place for many nationalities to exchange goods and ideas.
In the first century, Buddhism made its way from India to China, where it flourished. It became the state religion during the Northern Wei Dynasty, and in 460 A.D. work began on a temple/monastery complex to sanctify the Buddha, The Enlightened One. For the next three decades, monks and slaves labored alongside each other with simple hand tools. Together they honeycombed the sandstone mountain and filled countless niches with carvings that illustrate the philosophical concept of the “thousand Buddhas,” symbolizing the Buddha’s omnipresence through time and space.
Climate: Situated at the northeastern edge of the Loess Plateau (Huangtu gaoyuan), Datong has a continental monsoon climate with four distinctive four seasons. The average annual temperature is about 6.8 degrees Celsius, with sharp temperature difference between day and night. The temperatures considerably throughout the year, with a high of 38 degrees Celsius in the summer months of July and August, and a low of around -25 in January and February.
Transportation: As a key posiiton between Hubeip province and the northwest area, Datong has founded a dimensional traffic systerrn fromed by railway, highway and aviation. Datong’s civilian airport was put into service in May, 205. Jianbao, Daqin and Tongpu Railwya meets here.
Local Specialties: Cupreous Chaffy Dish, Wool Carpet, Yungang Juanren, Colored Glaze
Local Food: Rabbit head, Guangling Toufu Curd, Yellow Cake, Buckwheat Getuo, Datong Hotpot, Pea Noodles, Sheep chop suey—vermicelli soup, Datong Bean Noodles, Yingzhou Cattle Waist
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