Chongqing Travel GuideLocation: Chongqing is located in the southeastern part of the Sichuan Basin and the junction of the Yangtze River and the Jialing River.
Area: 82,402,95 square kilometers
History: Chongqing's history extends back at least 3,000 years, endowing it with much historical and cultural significance. Traces of man's presence have been found from as far back as the end of the Old Stone Age 20,000 to 30,000 years ago. The Ming and Qing dynasties (1368-1911) saw goods spin in and out of the city as merchants from the four corners gathered. In 1891 Chongqing became an open port and a customs house was established there. In 1929 Chongqing was formally declared a city. Following the outbreak of the War of Resistance Against Japan in 1937, the Kuomintang (KMT) moved the government from Nanjing to Chongqing. In 1939 the city was elevated to a municipality under the Executive Yuan. After the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949,the city was made a municipality directly under the central government and continued as the political, economic and cultural center of southwestern China.
Climate: Chongqing has a subtropical climate with an annual average temperature of 18`C, an annual rainfall of 1,000mm and an annual average humidity of 79%. The land is green even in winter.
The four seasons in Chongqing are characterised as an early spring, a hot summer, a rainy autumn and a warm winter. The best weather is in April, May, September and October.
Transportation: Airline- Besides the numerous air connections with domestic cities, the city also has links with international destinations. The Jiangbei International Airport is 21km from the city center and is accessible from the city via express way. The following is the air schedule for some of the most important flights.
Railway- The city is linked by the Chengyu (Chengdu-Chongqing) railway, Chuanqian (Chongqing-Guiyang)railway and Xiangyu (Xiangfan-Chongqing) railway, and has further links with the national railway system. It is very convenient to travel to and from Chongqing by train. The Chongqing train station is located in the city center.
Highway- Chongqing has a sound road system and it is quite convenient to get to Chongqing from Chengdu which is around 450km away. The two cities have express ways linking them and it costs RMB150 and takes about 4-5 hours for the trip.
Waterwau- Chongqing is located beside the legendary Yangtze river and has long been an important inner land harbour. In the past, boat was the only possible way to travel to Chongqing.
Today, despite severe competition from trains and planes, water transportation is still favored by many travelers both because of the comfort, leisure and the great views along the waterways. Although a boat ticket is cheaper, it is also much slower.
Local Specialties: Shu Brocade, Three Gorge Inkstone, Rongchang Paper Fans, Print Painting Local Food: Bangbang Chicken, Beef Hotpot, Pork leg cooked with rock candy, Sliced meat with crispy rice, Barbecued Fish, Dan Dan Noodle.
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