Mt.Hengshan Travel GuideLocation: Mt. Hengshan belongs to Hengyang city, Hunan province.
Area: with an area of 181 square kilometers
Overview: Also known as Southern Mountain of the five sacred mountains, Mt. Hengshan range runs 150km from Hengyang to Changsha. Because of the ideal climate conditions, Mt. Hengshan keeps green all year around, so it is acknowledged as one of the most popular destinations in China.
72 peaks of Mt. Hengshan are the most attractive. The Huiyan Peak is the south end of the peaks, Yuelu Mountain in Changsha City is the north end, and the Zhurong Peak is the highest, with 1,290 meters above sea level. On the top, the Shaolin Temple and the Watching Sunrise Platform are the best scenic spots.
Many emperors and celebrities about 2,000 years ago left quite a lot of stone inscriptions of poems to praise the beauty of Mt. Hengshan, such as Libai, Dufu and Zhuxi.
Famous Religiou Holy Place: Buddhism and Taoism, which forms the chief religious feature of the mount, coexist in Mt. Hengshan. As early as in the late East Han Dynasty (25AD-225AD), Taoists had started their practice in the blessing spots in Mt.Hengshan.
The Tang Dynasty (618AD-917AD) witnessed the prosperities of ten large Taoist temples and eight hundred bamboo houses. Many Taoists at that time were those with high culture cultivation and profound metaphysics. They wrote books and developed theories of their own. Buddhism was introduced to Mt.Hengshan about 200 years later. From 421AD, the second year after the establishment of the South Dynasty (420AD-589AD), large groups of famous monks appeared in Mt.Hengshan.
They followed rituals sacredly and gradually formed principles of their own, of which the Tiantai Sect (Principles of the Lotus Sutra) was most influential and had been spread to as far as Japan. Additionally, Buddhists in Mt.Hengshan also developed the Weiyang Sect, Linji Sect, Caodong Sect, Yunmen Sect, and Fayan Sect, the five principles in the development process of Buddhism in Chinese history. Each had significant influence on religious practice in Southeast Asia and even the whole world.
Best Visiting Time: Mt. Hengshan is an ideal tour resort for its rainy spring, cool summer and warm winter. It is suggested that late summer and early autumn may be the best time to visit Mount Heng. During this period, the cool weather and the green forest ensure tourists can visit it in a joyful mood. And from Decembers to February in the next year, visitors can see the snow scenes which can not be seen frequently in southern China.
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