Top 10 Attractions in Hulunbuir, Top Things to Do in Hulunbuir

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Hulunbuir ( or Hulunbeier ) is a prefecture-level city in northeastern Inner Mongolia. Hulunbuir was once a league until in October, 2001 when it was established as a prefecture-level city.Its local government is now seated in Hailar District which used to be known as the city of Hailar ( or Hailaer ).

Hulunbuir administrates 13 different county-level regions: one district, five county-level cities, four banners and three autonomous banners including Hailar District, Manzhouli City, Ergun City, New Barag Left Banner, Evenk Autonomous Banner and more. It has an area of 263,000 square km, the size of Jiangsu Province and Shandong Province in China.

Northeastern Inner Mongolia Tour affords Hulunbuir Grassland, the finest pasture in China and the best preserved grassland in the world! The Erguna River area in Hulunbuir was once the living area for Genghis Khan’s forefathers. Ergun City was the hometown of Genghis Khan (1162-1227), who here united all the tribes and started to conquer most of Asia and Eastern Europe.

1. Hulun Buir Prairie 呼伦贝尔大草原
Hulunbuir Prairie is the best preserved grassland with fertile vegetation in China, known as “King of Pature”, a paradise of grasslands comprising the forest grasslands, meadows, and classic grasslands, one of the best preserved grasslands in the world.

Hulun Buir Prairie

Hulunbuir is crisscrossed by hundreds of rivers, large and small, which have made this area a mecca for local Mongolian nomads and herders. Hunlunbeier Grasslands are also dubbed as the “most unsullied prairie” due to the pollution-free skies.

Best Visit Time: May – September ( July and August are the best months )
Add: New Barag Left Banner 呼伦巴尔市陈巴尔虎旗
Entrance Fee: RMB20
How to get there: Take shuttle bus from Hailar to the Grassland.
Tel: 0470-8217020

2. Golden Horde Mongolian Tribe 金帐汗蒙古部落
It is a tourist destination, the only nomadic tribe open to the tourists. It is a reproduction of the camping tents in Genghis Khan’s time, a kind of travel experience bringing people back to the old days. It is built in the heartland of Hulunbuir Grassland, on the banks of Moergele River that is hailed as China’s first Qushui (River bends).

Golden Horde Mongolian Tribe

This area’a natural pasture is well known home and abroad. Historical records show, many ancient ethnic groups once originated and developed. They lived here from generation to generation till the 12th and 13th centuries when Genghis Khan and his followers united all the Mongolian tribes here and marched towards the areas in most of Asia and Eastern Europe.

Best Visit Time: May – September ( July and August are the best months )
Add: On the banks of Moergele River the New Barag Left Banner 呼伦巴尔市陈巴尔虎旗莫尔格勒河畔
Entrance Fee: free
How to get there: Take shuttle bus from Hailar ( along S201 and 36km )
Opening Hours: 08:00 – 18:00

3. Shiwei 室韦
Shiwei is a border town in the northeast of Ergun City (Eerguna City). It is on the east bank of the Ergun River (Eerguna River) and abuts Russia. Shiwei is inhabited mostly by the Chinese-Russian descendants.

Shiwei

Shiwei is one of the cradles of Mongols. Now it is a beautiful town with multi-ethnic groups including Mongols. It was once listed as one of top ten most beautiful townships in China. The town and its surrounding villages feature the Russian style in terms of architectures and living habits. Stay overnight in a traditional Russian style wooden house ( Mukeleng House) is a top choice for many tourists.

Best Visit Time: May – September ( July and August are the best months )
Add: Shiwei, Ergun City, Hulunbuir 呼伦巴尔额尔古纳室韦镇
Entrance Fee: free
How to get there: Take bus from Hailar to Ergun City, then take bus from Eerguna to Shiwei
Hire a car or van from Hailaier to Shiwei ( 160km, 4 hours )
Opening Hours: All year

4. Moerdaoga National Forest Park 莫尔道嘎国家森林公园
The Moerdaoga National Forest Park is the first national forest park in the Greater Khingan Range (Greater Xing’an Mountain ) within Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. It is the biggest national forest park of its kind in China. “Moerdaoga” literally means that “Set out for battle and Ride your horses” that was legendarily said by Genghis Khan who tried to integrate the tribes.

Entrance to Moerdaoga National Forest Park

The forest park abuts the Hulunbuir Grassland on the south, the Erguna River on the north, filled with old and tall trees and numerous streams and rivers. The park is within the administration Moerdaoga Town of Ergun City.

Best Visit Time: May – September ( July and August are the best months )
Add: Moerdaoga Town, Ergun City, Hulunbuir 呼伦巴尔额尔古纳莫尔道嘎镇
Entrance Fee: RMB130
How to get there: Take bus from Hailar to the Park ( Daily one bus 8 hours)
Take overnight train from Hailaer to Moerdaoga Town ( 10 hours )

5. Aoluguya Ewenki Ethnic Township 敖鲁古雅鄂温克民族乡
The town is inhabited by the Ewenki people, the only hunting tribe left in China which still keeps the habit of raising reindeers. They came from Siberia over three hundred years ago and have been living in the dense primeval forest and surviving on herding reindeers.

People would like to walk around the town and visit the Aoluguya Ewenki Ethnic Reindeer Museum and primary tribes and handicrafts workshops.

The cone shaped house covered with birch bark is the temporary house for Evenki live in forests

Best Visit Time: May – September ( July and August are the best months )
Add: Aoluguya Township, Mangui Town, Genhe City, Hulunbuir 呼伦贝尔根河市满归镇以北约17公里敖鲁古雅乡
Entrance Fee: RMB80
How to get there: Take bus from Hailar to Ergun, then connect bus for Aoluguya ( 260km to the northeast of Hailaer )
Take train from Hailaer to Mangui Town, connect bus for Aoluguya

6. Ergun City (Eerguna)额尔古纳
The legendary city of Ergun is located on the northen area of Hulunbuir Prairie and on the right bank of Ergun River with an area of 28,400 km2. It was the hometown of Genghis Khan (1162-1227), who united all the tribes and started to conquer most of Asia and Eastern Europe.

Ergun City

Best Visit Time: May – September ( July and August are the best months )
Add: 130km to the northeast of Hailaer District of Hulunbuir
Entrance Fee: Free
How to get there: Take bus from Hailar to Ergun (130km to the northeast of Hailaer)

7. Genhe Wetland ( Or Xishan Wetland ) 根河湿地
Genhe Wetland has an area of 126,000 hectare , the largest wetland in Asia, about 3km to the west of Ergun City. Genhe Wetland is scattered around the forest and the grassland with many types including marshes, shrub swamps, swamp forest, open bogs and moss.

Genhe Wetland is on the plain delta formed by Erguna River and other three alpine rivers including Genhe River, Deerbugan River and Hawuer River.

Genhe Wetland ( Or Xishan Wetland )

Best Visit Time: May – October
Add: Xishan, Ergun City, Hulunbuir 呼伦贝尔额尔古纳市西山
Entrance Fee: RMB65
How to get there: Take bus from Ergun

8. Manzhouli City 满洲里
Manzhouli is the largest border city in Inner Mongolia. It abuts Russia in the north, approx. 192km to the west of Hailaier (the city center of Hulunbuir). Manzhouli has the largest border crosssing in China. The National Gate ( Guo Men ) is 9 kilometers to the west of Manzhouli Downtown.

Manzhouli is a port city of comprising the folk customs of the three countries including China, Russia and Mongolia, a blend of Chinese and Western cultures. The City is rife with unique buildings of Russian, Monglian and Chinese styles. See Top 10 Attrctions in Manzhouli for more travel information.

Architecture of Manzhouli

Architecture of Manzhouli

9. Hulun Lake 呼伦湖
Hulun Lake, also known as Dalai Hu, and Hulun Nur in Mongolian. this massive lake pops out of the landscape 36km south of Manzhoul, China’s fifth-largest lake. Hulun Lake is located near the National Highway No.301 on the route from Hailar to Manzhouli. You can visit Hulun Lake either from Hailar or Manzhouli. The lake itself is under the jurisdiction of Manzhouli City, but it actually lies in the area surrounded by Manzhouli, New Barag Left Banner and New Barag Right Banner.

The Hulun Lake is an ideal summer resort in terms of cool climate, beautiful scenery and fresh air. If you come here in summer, you are able to participate in many activities such as boating on the lake, fishing on the lake shore, sunbathing, bird watching. You can also have a bite of the local all-fish feast with numerous delicious and nourishing dishes of fish.

Entrance fee: RMB 20
Opening Hours: 8:00 – 18:00
How to get there: Hire a taxi from Manzhouli ( RMB200 return)
Tel: 0470-6530166
See Hulun Lake for more information.

Hulun Lake

Hulun Lake

10. World Antifascist War Hailaer Memorial Park 海拉尔反法西斯纪念园
World Anti-fascist War Hailar Memorial Park is a war theme park built on the former Hailar Fortress originally constructed by the Japanese Forces of Aggression during the Second World War. The Hailar Fortress was one of the 17 fortresses ever set ip by the Japanese invaders in the Northeast China from 1931 to 1945.

The Hailar Fortress is located on the open area 3km in the north of Hailar District of Hulunbuir City. The fortress is surrounded by the Aobao Mountain and the Beishan Mountain on its three sides. The fortress is composed of two connected parts – the ground part and underground part. The underground works was about 12 – 17 meters below the ground works. The Hailar Fortress takes an area of 22 square kilometers with 5 major posions and 4 auxiliary positions.

Entrance fee: RMB60
Opening Hours: 8:00 – 17:30
How to get there: Hire a taxi or bus from Hailar ( 3km to the north )

World Antifascist War Hailaer Memorial Park

World Antifascist War Hailaer Memorial Park

Futher Readings

Hulun Lake Travel Tips
World Anti-fascist War Hailar Memorial Park
Architecture of Manzhouli
Ergun Travel Guide
Aoluguya Travel Guide
Moerdaoga Travel Guide
Shiwei Travel Tips
How to visit Hulunbuir Grassland
Any questions,  just drop a line.

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