How to Visit Dr. Sun Yat-sen’s Mausoleum

November 29th, 2021
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Plan your Nanjing Tour? One of the highlights in Nanjing is Dr. Sun Yat-sen’s Mausoleum, which is located on the north slope in the Zhongshan Mountain Scenic Spot (钟山风景名胜区).

Zhongshan Mountain Scenic Spot

Zhongshan Mountain Scenic Spot is named after the same name mountain known as “Zhongshan Mountain”, which is also nicknamed “Zijin Mountai ( or Purple Mountain). It is situated in the east of Nanjing, now an AAAAA scenic area by the China National Tourism Administration.

The Mao of Zhongshan Mountain Scenic Spot (Google)

Dr. Sun Yat-sen’s Mausoleum as its its biggest draw, the Zhongshan Mountain Scenic Spot boasts numerous attractions including the four highlights – Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum, Dr.Sun Yatsen’s Mausolseum, Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum Music Stage and Linggu Temple Scenic Area.

Entrance Fees

Dr.Sun Yatsen’s Mausoleum: free of charge
Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum: 70 yuan ( World Heritage)
Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum Music Stage: 10 yuan
Linggu Temple Scenic Area: 35 yuan

How to get to Zhongshan Mountain National Park

Public Bus: take sightseeing bus Line 4 and get off at East Zhongshan Bus Stop, then walk about 791 meters to get to Dr.Sun Yatsen’s Mausoleum, the heart of the park.

In the huge scenic area, there are free shuttle small trains going between the Mausoleum of Sun Yat-sen and the Mausoleum of Ming Xiaoling, and you can use your entrance ticket for free ride.

Taking the subway line 2 and get off at the station of Ming Xialing Tomb (Muxu) Station 明孝陵(苜蓿)站, then you can walk to the site of Dr. Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum or you take an electric car from the station of Ming Xialing Tomb (Muxu) Station to Dr. Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum (RMB 5 per person).

How to Visit Dr. Sun Yat-sen’s Mausoleum

Dr. Sun Yat-sen is considered to be the “Father of Modern China” who fought against the imperial Qing government and ended the monarchy and established the Republic of China after the 1911 revolution. He died on March 12, 1925 in Beijing. His coffin was temporarily placed inside a pagoda in Bingyun Temple of Fragrant Hill in Beijing before being moved to Nanjing for burial on June 01, 1929.

The construction of the mausoleum started in January, 1926 and was finished in the spring of 1929. Its architect was Lu Yanzhi. The massive mausoleum blends the styles of traditional imperial tombs and modern architecture.

The Tourist Map of Zhongshan Mountain Scenic Spot and the red-circled mausoleum.

The sacrificial hall (Marble sarcophagus) is 700m away with a drop of 70m from the starting point below – the Paifang, a traditional Chinese architectural gate style as an arch, also the entrance of the mausoleum. The Paifang (arch) is carved with two Chinese characters “Bo Ai” meaning “Universal Love” written by Dr. Sun Yat-sen.

The stairway from Paifang to the Sacrificial Hall has 392 stairs leading up to the main hall guided by pine, cypress, and ginkgo trees on both sides. A few stairs behind the Paifang is a gate, 16 meters high and 27 meters wide. The marble gate is inscribed with four Chinese characters written by Dr. Sun, “Tian Xia Wei Gong” meaning “All under heaven is for all”.

Behind the marble gate is the pavilion which houses a 9-meter-high stele, a memorial monument set by the Kuomintang (KMT). Walk up for quite a few steps you will reach the Sacrificial Hall, a palace of 30 meters long, 25 meters wide and 29 meters high.

In the center sits a statue of Dr. Sun Yat-sen, sculptured out of Italian white marble. The flag of the Kuomintang clings to the ceiling of the hall. Inside hall, you will see biographical information on Dr. Sun Yat-sen. Behind his statue lies the sarcophagus of Dr. Sun.

Opening Hours: 8:30-17:00 (Monday closed)
Entrance Fee: Free of Charge

How to get to Dr. Sun Yat-sen’s Mausoleum

Taking the subway line 2 and get off at the station of Ming Xialing Tomb (Muxu) Station 明孝陵(苜蓿)站, then you can walk to the site of Dr. Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum or you take an electric car from the station of Ming Xialing Tomb (Muxu) Station to Dr. Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum (RMB 5 per person).

Virtual Tour of Dr. Sun Yat-sen’s Mausoleum

Follow us to have a virtual tour of Dr. Sun Yat-sen’s Mausoleum.

The Paifang, the entrance to Dr. Sun Yat-sen’s Mausoleum

It is a 700 m walk with 392 steps from the Paifeng up to the sacrificial hall (Marble sarcophagus) with a drop of 70m. The stair way up is flanked by pine, cypress, and ginkgo trees on both sides.

The 392 stairs leading up to the sacrificial hall
The Sacrificial Hall, a palace of 30 meters long, 25 meters wide and 29 meters high.

In the center sits a statue of Dr. Sun Yat-sen. Behind his statue lies the sarcophagus of Dr. Sun. Photography is forbidden inside the hall. The photo is from Internet.

In the center sits a statue of Dr. Sun Yat-sen

Tip:  Hassle-free Jiangsu Guided Tours

If you don’t want to do a self-guided tour and prefer the hassle-free escorted tours,  here are some options for organized tours to Jiangsu Province:

Nanjing Tour
Suzhou Tour
Jiangsu Tour

Further Readings

Top 10 Attractions in Nanjing
How to Visit Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall
How to Visit Nanjing Confucius Temple-The Qinhuai River Scenic Area
How to Visit Zhonghua Gate Nanjing
How to Visit Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge
How to Visit Linggu Temple Scenic Area
Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum Music Stage
How to Visit Dr. Sun Yat-sen’s Mausoleum
How to Visit Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum
How to Visit Nanjing Presidential Palace

Nanjing South Railway Station
Nanjing Taxi: Nanjing Taxi Fares, Tips and Phones
Suzhou Railway Station
Suzhou Taxi: Suzhou Taxi Fares, Tips and Phones

Top 10 Attractions in Suzhou
Suzhou Railway Station
How to Visit Tongli Water Town
How to Visit Zhouzhuang Water Town
How to Visit Pingjiang Road in Suzhou
How to Visit The Garden of the Master of the Nets
How to visit Humble Administrator’s Garden
How to Visit Lion Grove Garden
How to Visit Canglang Pavilion
How to Visit Guanqian Street in Suzhou
4 Amazing Short Trip Ideas from Shanghai
Wuzhen Pictures – Wuzhen Photo Gallery
Zhouzhuang Pictures – Zhouzhuang Photo Gallery

Any questions, just drop a line.

How to Visit Zhonghua Gate Nanjing (Tips, Photos & Maps)

November 28th, 2021
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Plan your Nanjing Tour? Don’t miss Zhonghua Gate (中华门瓮城) , the largest ancient city wall gate complex in China, akin to a huge castle in the west. The massive city wall gate is a historical relic left by Zhu Yuzhuang, the first emperor and founder of Ming Dynasty (1638 -1644) . There used to be 13 gates of this kind along the over-30km ancient city wall of the Ming Dynasty.

The name of Zhonghua Gate was changed for several time. Firs named “south gate” since it was located on the south of the city. It is also known as Jubaomen “Gathering Treasures Gate”.  In 1931 when the Republic of China government set Nanjing as its capital, the gate was named Zhonghua Gate ( the Gate of China ).

How get to Gate of China Nanjing (Gate Castle)

” Zhonghua” literally means “China”, so that’s why the Google Map recognizes the Zhonghua Gate as “Gate of China, Nanjing“. It is located at Zhonghua Road, Qinhuai District, Qinhuai District, Nanjing.

Public bus lines:
1) From Nanjing Railway Station, take Bus No. 33 and get off at Zhonghuamen Stop.
2) From Xinjiekou South Station, take bus No. 16 or 33 to Zhonghuamen Station
3) From Lukou Airport, take the airport bus from Nanjing Lukou Airport to Zhonghuamen Long-distance passenger station, then transfer to No.2 bus to Zhonghuamen Station and get off.

Subway
Take Nanjing Metro Line 1 to Zhonghuamen Station and walk there

How to Visit Zhonghua Gate Nanjing

The city gate castle has 3 inner cities connected by four arched gates with its dimensions 118.5 m from east to west, and 128 m from south to north. Each inner city had holes to hide soldiers. Each gate was equipped with a Qianjinzha ( Heavy Gate ) which could be opened up and down.

The Map of Zhonghua Gate Nanjing (Google)

The Zhonghua Gate has gong through wind and rain for 600 years. It still keeps it original appearance though much of its wooden structures destroyed. Zhonghua Gate is a master piece of China’s ancient engineering project of complex and intricate design, which has a prominent place in the wall construction history in China.

The Bird’s-eye view of the Gate of China ( Image credit: sina.com.cn)

Entrance Fee: 50 yuan per person
Opening Hours: 8: 30 – 20:30

Gate of China is only a 20-minute walk away from the Nanjing Confucius Temple Area (Google)

While you are planning your short trip to the Gate of China, you are recommended to go deeper to include Nanjing Confucius Temple-The Qinhuai River Scenic Area after you visit the Zhonghua Gate since the gate is only a 20-minute walk from the prominent scenic area.

Now Nanjing Confucius Temple with its old world charming surrounding area is popularly and officially known as Nanjing Confucius Temple-The Qinhuai River Scenic Area (夫子庙秦淮风光带).

Virtual Tour of Gate of China Nanjing

Follow us to have a virtual tour of Zhonghua Gate Nanjing (Gate Castle).

The main gate to the gate castle has three layers, 21.45 meters high.

On each side of the gate castle exterior, there are two large ramps used for running soldiers on horse up to the top of the gate castle.

two large ramps outside the gate used for running soldiers on horse up to the top
So people can go up to the top of the castle through the ramp.
The two smaller side gates of the gate castle are for the daily traffic for the locals.
The inner gates linking the three inner cities inside Gate of China castle
Each gate inside the castle is made of huge strip stones and bricks.
In each of the three inner cities, there are Brick stairs leading up to the top.
 
A bird-eye’s view of the inner city behind the huge main gate
One of the three inner city inside the gate castle
The ancient cannons on the top
The Gate of China links the city wall winding further into the city.
Overlooking the three inner cities from the top

It is estimated that hundreds of millions of bricks were used to build the Ming City wall in Nanjing. The bricks are generally 40 ~ 45 cm long, 20 cm wide and 10 ~ 12 cm thick.

The bricks are generally 40 ~ 45 cm long

Tip:  Hassle-free Jiangsu Guided Tours

If you don’t want to do a self-guided tour and prefer the hassle-free escorted tours,  here are some options for organized tours to Jiangsu Province:

Nanjing Tour
Suzhou Tour
Jiangsu Tour

Further Readings

Top 10 Attractions in Nanjing
How to Visit Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall
How to Visit Nanjing Confucius Temple-The Qinhuai River Scenic Area
How to Visit Zhonghua Gate Nanjing
How to Visit Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge
How to Visit Linggu Temple Scenic Area
Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum Music Stage
How to Visit Dr. Sun Yat-sen’s Mausoleum
How to Visit Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum
How to Visit Nanjing Presidential Palace

Nanjing South Railway Station
Nanjing Taxi: Nanjing Taxi Fares, Tips and Phones
Suzhou Railway Station
Suzhou Taxi: Suzhou Taxi Fares, Tips and Phones

Top 10 Attractions in Suzhou
Suzhou Railway Station
How to Visit Tongli Water Town
How to Visit Zhouzhuang Water Town
How to Visit Pingjiang Road in Suzhou
How to Visit The Garden of the Master of the Nets
How to visit Humble Administrator’s Garden
How to Visit Lion Grove Garden
How to Visit Canglang Pavilion
How to Visit Guanqian Street in Suzhou
4 Amazing Short Trip Ideas from Shanghai
Wuzhen Pictures – Wuzhen Photo Gallery
Zhouzhuang Pictures – Zhouzhuang Photo Gallery

How to Visit Nanjing Confucius Temple-The Qinhuai River Scenic Area

November 27th, 2021
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Plan you Nanjing tour? Visiting the Confucius Temple (夫子庙)and a stroll around its neighbour is worth your time during your short stay in Nanjing. The Confucius Temple in Nanjing is popularly known as Fuzi Miao or Fuzi Temple.

Nanjing Confucius Temple

Fuzi Temple ( Nanjing Confucius Temple ) is one of the four most famous Confucius temples in China. Temple of Confucius is a temple devoted to the memory of Confucius (551–479 BC), the sage and great philosopher of the Spring and Autumn Period of Chinese history.

Today, the Confucius Temple accompanied by its surrounding neighbourhood (pedestrian streets) has become a mecca for holiday makers. Every day it seems all the locals of Nanjing throng here, eating, drinking, and shopping.

Nanjing Confucius Temple-the Qinhuai River Scenic Area

Now Nanjing Confucius Temple with its old world charming surrounding area is popularly and officially known as Nanjing Confucius Temple-The Qinhuai River Scenic Area (夫子庙秦淮风光带).

The Qinhuai River is the biggest river in Nanjing It’s also the birthplace of the age-old Nanjing culture. As such, it’s called “Nanjing’s mother river”. Qinhuai River is a branch of the Yangtze River, running about 110 kilometers, a major watercourse around Nanjing City.

20-minute walk from Gate of China to the scenic area.

The famous Qinhuai River winds past the south of the Confucius Temple. Boating on the Qinhuai River is one of the highlights visiting Fuzi Temple. There is a huge dragon screen, 110m long and 20m high, recognized as the largest screen in China, on the south bank of the Qinhuai River.

This scenic area is more than the two major attractions – Nanjing Confucius Temple and the Qinhuai River put together. It is centred on the Confucius Temple, including Qinhuai River as its axis linking the numerous national key cultural relics protection units such as the City wall. It covers an area of 4.69 square kilometers.

How to get there

It is most convenient to take subway line – take subway line 1 and get off at the station of Sanshan Jie (三山街), and exit from Exit 3 (Jinshanjing 金沙井) and walk a few steps to get to the site of the Confucius Temple area.

Take Nanjing Metro Line 3 to Fuzimiao Station, get off at Exit 2 or 3, walk south along Pingjiangfu Road, you can reach Qinhuai Archway, Imperial Examination Museum in the scenic area.

Virtual Tour of Nanjing Confucius Temple-The Qinhuai River Scenic Area

A large Confucius Temple Pailou ( a traditional Chinese archway), serving as an open entrance to Nanjing Confucius Temple-The Qinhuai River Scenic Area. But there are also other lanes and streets through which you can easily enter this expansive scenic area.

A large Confucius Temple Pailou
The entrance to the Nanjing Confucius Temple
Dachen hall is the main dedicated to Confucius
For many, not just for the temple, but for the fun.
Packed with leisure travellers and fun seekers
Boating on the Qinhua River
Qinhua River flanked by the traditional style of houses
The night view of Qinhua River
Shopping a local vendor
Eating, shopping, walking, talking…
Chatting, taking a rickshaw…
The famous local snack – Stinky Tofu (smelling Smelly tofu)
Steamed buns

Tip:  Hassle-free Jiangsu Guided Tours

If you don’t want to do a self-guided tour and prefer the hassle-free escorted tours,  here are some options for organized tours to Jiangsu Province:

Nanjing Tour
Suzhou Tour
Jiangsu Tour

Further Readings

Top 10 Attractions in Nanjing
How to Visit Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall
How to Visit Nanjing Confucius Temple-The Qinhuai River Scenic Area
How to Visit Zhonghua Gate Nanjing
How to Visit Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge
How to Visit Linggu Temple Scenic Area
Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum Music Stage
How to Visit Dr. Sun Yat-sen’s Mausoleum
How to Visit Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum
How to Visit Nanjing Presidential Palace

Nanjing South Railway Station
Nanjing Taxi: Nanjing Taxi Fares, Tips and Phones
Suzhou Railway Station
Suzhou Taxi: Suzhou Taxi Fares, Tips and Phones

Top 10 Attractions in Suzhou
Suzhou Railway Station
How to Visit Tongli Water Town
How to Visit Zhouzhuang Water Town
How to Visit Pingjiang Road in Suzhou
How to Visit The Garden of the Master of the Nets
How to visit Humble Administrator’s Garden
How to Visit Lion Grove Garden
How to Visit Canglang Pavilion
How to Visit Guanqian Street in Suzhou
4 Amazing Short Trip Ideas from Shanghai
Wuzhen Pictures – Wuzhen Photo Gallery
Zhouzhuang Pictures – Zhouzhuang Photo Gallery

Any questions, just drop a line.