How to Visit Huangdi Mausoleum (Tips, Photos & Map)

Are you planning your Xi’an tour? If time allows, you could have a day trip from Xi’an Huangdi Mausoleum (also known as Mausoleum of the Yellow Emperor), which is located just 200km north of Xian.

ABCs of Mausoleum of the Yellow Emperor

Huangdi, or Yellow Emperor is the legendary ancestor for all Chinese. His ancestral name is Gongsun and his given name Xuanyuan.

It is said that he reigned from 2696–2598 BC. He is considered as the initiator of Chinese civilization – invented weapons, the wells and fields system; upper and lower garments, established palaces and houses, early Chinese astronomy, the Chinese calendar, math calculations, code of sound laws…etc.

How to get to Huangdi Mausoleum

Huangdi Mausoleum is nestled at the foot of Qiaoshan Mountain. Qiaoshan is located, is one thousand meters north of the downtown of Huangling County.

Huangdi Mausolum is located just 200km north of Xian (Bing)

There are many direct and indirect buses either from Xian Long-distance Bus Station or from Yan’an Long-distance Bus Station to Huangling County.

The National Highway 210 passes along the foot of Mt.Qiaoshan where Huangdi’s tomb is nestled, from north, down the south and to the east.

For your long-distance bus ride, if Huangling County is not your bus’s final stop, most probably your bus will not arrive at the Bus Station in Huangling County. Instead, you will be dropped by the roadside of the National Highway 210 close to Huangling County. If that is the case, you have to find a way out, taking a local private car or taxi from the expressway to Huangdi Mausoleum, 5km away.

If your bus’s final stop is Huangling County, then it is very convenient since the Bus Station of Huangling County is just 5 minutes’ walk to the ticket office to the Huangdi Mausoleum.

Entrance Fee
RMB 75 (Mar – Nov)
RMB 50 (Dec – Feb)
Opening hours
08:00 – 17:30
National Offering: each April 5

Address: Qiaoshan Town, Huangling County, Yan ‘an City, Shaanxi Province 陕西省延安市黄陵县桥山镇

Virtual Tour of Mausoleum of the Yellow Emperor

Follow me to visit Yellow Emperor’s Tomb. I take a local private car from the roadside of the National Highway 210 where I have been abandoned by the bus from Yan’an to Xian.

I’m quite lucky to find a car parking for business. The car fare is RMB 15 for the 5km ride. Huangling County used to be a two-horse town, now mainly due to the site of Huangling Mausoleum, the town has been developing fast with many modern buildings. Its main street is quite long along the National Highway 210

Now I’m entering Huangling County along the National Highway 210.

I am entering Huangling County

One section of the street (also used by national highway 210) in the town has been built in the style of the traditional Chinese architecture.

The street is built in the style of the traditional Chinese architecture

I ask my driver to take me to the bus station of Huangling County in order first to get myself familiar with the buses going to Xian. Lots of buses run between Huangling County and Xian, no need for prebooking the bus ticket for Xian.

After depositing my suitcase at the bus station, I walk towards to Mt.Qiaoshan in the north of Huangling County. Huangling County Bus Station

Huangling County Bus Station

Walking from the bus station to the ticket office only takes me 5 minutes. The ticket office in the tourist service building in a traditional style, which also has a toilet and two shops selling well Huangdi Mausoleum related stuff. The tourist service building (ticket).

The service building (ticket)

Xuanyuan Temple

Then I walk from the ticket office up to Xuanyuan Temple which is located at the foot of Mt.Qiaoshan. A concrete bridge spans a man-made lake dug at its front.

Walk across the bridge, continue to climb a dozens of steps before I reach the gate of Xuanyuan Temple. The mausoleum is divided into two parts: the Tomb Area and the Xuanyuan Temple.

In ancient time, to each mausoleum, there was a temple built for it. Huangdi Mausoleum too has a temple in the name of Xuanyuan, Huangdi’s given name.

The Gate of Xuanyuan Temple

The Gate of Xuanyuan Temple

Basically visitors will first visit Xuanyuan Temple, then visit Huangdi’d tomb. Walking from Xuanyuan Temple to the tomb takes over one hour.

So there is a battery cart service center, not far from Xuanyuan Temple for people to use the service for easy access to the tomb itself.

In the temple compound, there is an old cypress which was, according to historical records, planted by Huangdi, the Yellow Emperor. 

An old cypress planted by Huangdi, the Yellow Emperor.

Flanking the temple, there are two rows of tablets and stela from early days in the successive dynasties from Ming and Qing Dynasties, to the present days.

The steles descended from the emperors in Ming and Qing Dynasties.

The steles descended from the emperors in Ming and Qing Dynasties.

These tablets from leaders and nobilities at home and abroad in modern times.

The tablets from leaders and nobilities at home and abroad in modern times.

The hall enshrines the statue of Huangdi. People burn incense and pray before Huangdi’s Hall. The placard hanging above reads “The founding ancestor of human civilization”.

The founding ancestor of human civilization

The founding ancestor of human civilization

Behind Huangdi’s Hall is a 2004 completed huge praying square used for holding a praying ceremony. It is said that the square can accommodate 100,000 people with a construction area of 13200 square meters. Each April 05 will see a huge ceremony going within Xuanyuan Temple.

2004 completed huge praying square

The tomb of Huangdi

To continue to visit the tomb of Huangdi, people have to backtrack at the end of Xuanyuan Temple here and exit from the temple.

Then walk on the right hand. Soon you come to the electric bus terminal. For a small amount of money, RMB20, you will enjoy a round trip battery car ride. It takes you to the so called “second parking lot”, from which you still need to walk about 20 minutes before you get to the tomb of Huangdi. Don’t lose your ticket. At the entrance to the tomb, your ticket will be checked again.

Take an electric car to the second parking lot

Get off the car, you still need to have an over-20 minute’s walk climbing quite some stone steps up to the tomb. The view along the road is just terrific with numerous old cypresses welcoming you coming afar.

The entrance to the Huangdi Mausoleum

climbing quite some stone steps up to the tomb

Climbing quite some stone steps up to the tomb

The stone or the tablet is called “Horse-Dismounting Stone”, in ancient times, everybody must dismount here and walk to the tomb area.

Horse-Dismounting Stone

According to historical records, after Emperor Wu (156 BC – 87 BC )of Han Dynasty was returning from a northern campaign against the Xiongnu, he and his troops stopped at the Mausoleum and made offerings. Emperor Wu (156 BC – 87 BC ) of Han’s offering. 

This is the tomb of Huangdi, the place where the Yellow Emperor attained immortality and flew to heaven, leaving behind his clothing and cap to be entombed here.

In front of the tomb of the Yellow Emperor mausoleum is the sacrificial pavilion, which is 10 meters wide and 6.15 meters deep.

The sacrificial pavilion

In the pavilion, there is a large stone tablet, 4.3 meters high and 1.2 meters wide, inscribed with three Chinese characters “Mausoleum of the Yellow Emperor”.

Inscribed with three Chinese characters “Mausoleum of the Yellow Emperor”.

The Huangdi’s tomb behind the sacrificial pavilion and the large stone tablet is 3.6 meters tall, 48 meters in circumference, and is surrounded by a brick wall. A brick framed tablet at the front is inscribed with the four Chinese characters “桥山龙驭” ( Longyu on Bridge Hill), which means the place where the Yellow Emperor’s dragon ascended to heaven.

The tomb is 3.6 meters tall, 48 meters in circumference
Huangdi Mausoleum

Tip: Hassle-free Xian Guided Tours

If you don’t want to go the do-it-yourself route and prefer the hassle-free escorted tours,  here are some options for Xian guided tours:

Xi’an Tour
Xi’an Day Tour
Xi’an Tour Packages
Beijing Xi’an Tour

Further Readings

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Xian Tourist Traps, Xian Tourist Scams

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How to Visit Maijishan Grottoes from Xian by Train
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How to Visit Huangdi Mausoleum
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Any questions, just drop a line.

8 thoughts on “How to Visit Huangdi Mausoleum (Tips, Photos & Map)

  1. 08 05 2012

    Dear Sirs,

    I will go to Shaanxi middle of May :

    1. Are there economic (YMB120 – 200 with toilet bathroom inside the room ) hotels just at the side of Huangdi Mousoleum, or otherwide, how far it is from
    the Huangdi Mousoleum ?
    2. If I go by train, which station is better to get down, and transit by car to Huangdi Ling ?


    Best regards.

    Hon Kin-Lam


  2. I have been to Huangling County where Huangdi Ling is located. I didn’t stay overnight there, but I did see some hotels in the downtown of Huangling County. There is a garden-like and luxury one not far from the main entrance to Huangdi Ling.

    I’ve just searched one hotel for your reference as below:

    黄陵县轩辕宾馆 (Xuanyuan Hotel Huangling County)
    地址(add):黄陵县城北街6号(黄陵县中心广场北100内)6 North Street, Huangling County
    标间(standard room): 180元人民币 (RMB180)
    Please call them for the present room rates.

    You may take a bus from the west of Xian Railway Station to Huangling County. The Bus Station of Huangling County is very close to the entrance to Huangdi Ling. Or you may join the local tour group for one day trip from Xian to Huangdi Ling.

    Ask help from your hotel in Xian for the location of the bus station in Xian for Huangling county and one day trip to Huangdi Ling as well.

  3. 09 May 2012

    Dear Sir – Admin.,


    I would like to go privately. To join a tour would be hurry. It will not be enough time for me
    to take photos.

    Thanks again now I know the way how to go.

    Best regards.

    Hon Kin-Lam


  4. Hi,

    I heard that the legendary Yanni will held a concert at this place on May 12th this year. I ‘d like to come as I am a big fan of him. Since this place is out of Xian and I assume there will be many people coming for this event, is there and special buses for the concert attenders? If so where and how to book?


    Vicky (from Australia)

  5. Hello Vicky Wang,

    Yes, Yanni will hold a concert in Huangdi Mausoleum on May 12, 2013. But we have no information yet on the special bus lines running between Xian and Huangdi Mausoleum.

    Basically there are regular long-distance buses going from Xian to Huangdi Mausoelum. Yes, there will be special buses going from Xian to Huangdi Mausoleum during the performance. Just keep an eye on the latest situation.

  6. Dear Admin,

    I will be visiting Xian early September.
    If I want to engage local day tour to visit places of interest in Xian, Who can i contact ?

    Please recommend someone reliable & economic.

    Thank you

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