How to Visit Dr. Sun Yat-sen’s Mausoleum

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Plan your Nanjing Tour? One of the highlights in Nanjing is Dr. Sun Yat-sen’s Mausoleum, which is located on the north slope of the second peak of Zhongshan Mountain.

Zhongshan Mountain is situated in the east of Nanjing, now a AAAAA scenic area by the China National Tourism Administration. The Zhongshan Mountain Scenic Area boasts numerous attractions including the Ming Xiaoling Tomb and Linggu Scenic Area (Linggu Temple).

Dr. Sun Yat-sen is considered to be the “Father of Modern China” who fought against the imperial Qing government and ended the monarchy and established the Republic of China after the 1911 revolution. He died on March 12, 1925 in Beijing. His coffin was temporarily placed inside a pagoda in Bingyun Temple of Fragrant Hill in Beijing before being moved to Nanjing for burial on June 01, 1929.

The construction of the mausoleum started in January, 1926 and was finished in the spring of 1929. Its architect was Lu Yanzhi. The massive mausoleum blends the styles of traditional imperial tombs and modern architecture.

The sacrificial hall (Marble sarcophagus) is 700m away with a drop of 70m from the starting point below – the Paifang, a traditional Chinese architectural gate style as an arch, also the entrance of the mausoleum. The Paifang (arch) is carved with two Chinese characters “Bo Ai” meaning “Universla Love” written by Dr. Sun Yat-sen.

The stairway from Paifang to the Sacrificial Hall has 392 stairs leading up to the main hall guided by pine, cypress, and ginkgo trees on both sides. A few stairs behind the Paifang is a gate, 16 meters high and 27 meters wide. The marble gate is inscribed with four Chinese characters written by Dr. Sun, “Tian Xia Wei Gong” meaning “All under heaven is for all”.

Behind the marble gate is the pavilion which houses a 9-meter-high stele, a memorial monument set by the Kuomintang (KMT). Walk up for quite a few steps you will reach the Sacrificial Hall, a palace of 30 meters long, 25 meters wide and 29 meters high.

In the center sits a statue of Dr. Sun Yat-sen, sculptured out of Italian white marble. The flag of the Kuomintang clings to the ceiling of the hall. Inside hall, you will see biographical information on Dr. Sun Yat-sen. Behind his statue lies the sarcophagus of Dr. Sun.

Opening Hours: 8:30-17:00 (Monday closed)
Entrance Fee: Free of Charge
How to get there
Taking the subway line 2 and get off at the station of Ming Xialing Tomb (Muxu) Station 明孝陵(苜蓿)站, then you can walk to the site of Dr. Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum or you take an electric car from the station of Ming Xialing Tomb (Muxu) Station to Dr. Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum (RMB 5 per person).

The Paifang (arch), also the entrance of the mausoleum

The Paifang (arch), also the entrance of the mausoleum

The Paifang (arch), also the entrance of the mausoleum

The stairway is guided by pine, cypress, and ginkgo trees on both sides.
The stairway is guided by pine, cypress, and ginkgo trees on both sides

The stairway is guided by pine, cypress, and ginkgo trees on both sides

The marble gate is inscribed with four Chinese characters written by Dr. Sun, which mean “All under heaven is for all”. Behind the marble gate is the pavilion which houses a 9-meter-high stele. Behind the marble gate is the pavilion which houses a 9-meter-high stele
The Sacrificial Hall, a palace of 30 meters long, 25 meters wide and 29 meters high.
The Sacrificial Hall, a palace of 30 meters long, 25 meters wide and 29 meters high.

The Sacrificial Hall, a palace of 30 meters long, 25 meters wide and 29 meters high.

In the center sits a statue of Dr. Sun Yat-sen
 In the center sits a statue of Dr. Sun Yat-sen
Behind his statue lies the sarcophagus of Dr. Sun
Tip:  Hassle-free Nanjing Guided Tours

06611If you don’t want to go the do-it-yourself route and prefer the hassle-free escorted tours,  here are some options for Nanjing Guided Tours:

Nanjing Highlight Day Tour  from US$75 p/p
Nanjing 2 Day Highlight Tour  from US$190 p/p
Nanjing One Day Side Trip  from US$90  p/p
Nanjing Suzhou Hangzhou Shanghai 6 Day Tour  from US$560 p/p
Nanjing Car Rental

Further Readings


Nanjing Massacre Museum: The museum tells the overwhelming atrocities committed by the Japanese forces of aggression from December 13 to January, 1938.
Nanjing Presidential Palace:a must-visit sight if you are interested in the modern history of China
Ming Xiaoling Tomb:the burial site of the Hongwu Emperor, the first emperor and founder of Ming Dyansty ( 1368-1644 ).
Sun Yat-sen’s Mausoleum:Dr. Sun Yat-sen is considered to be the “Father of Modern China” who stablished the Republic of China.
Linggu Temple Scenic Area:The Linggu Temple was gradually built into a cemetery dedicated to the the National Revolutionary Army’s martyes.
Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge:Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge is the first bridge over the Yangtze River designed and built by China’s own technical strength.
Fuzi Temple ( Confucius Temple ): A famous local walking area to touch Nanjing’s past and present.
Zhonghua Gate: a renowned ancient city gate in China and the largest ancient city wall gate in the world.
Taiping Heavenly Kingdom History Museum: The museum shows the maps, pictures and captions to tell the progress and history of Taiping Army.

Top 10 Attractions in Nanjing
Nanjing Taxi

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