Archive for the ‘Nanjing Travel’ Category

How to Visit Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall (Tips, Photos & Map)

Saturday, January 22nd, 2022
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Plan your Nanjing Tour? Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall is the big draw on your Nanjing trip. The museum’s official name is called the Memorial Hall of the Victims in Nanjing Massacre by Japanese Invaders (侵华日军南京大屠杀遇难同胞纪念馆).

Nanjing Massacre Museum tells the overwhelming atrocities of raping, killing, burning and looting committed by the Japanese forces of aggression during the six weeks from December 13, 1937 to January, 1938. In the massacre, a total of 300,000 people were killed including 28 mass slaughters and 858 occasional slaughters.

Nanjing Massacre Museum was open to the public on August 15, 1985. It was renovated and revamped in 1995. The museum is constructed on the site of one of the mass graves known as Jiangdongmen Mass Grave where over 10000 corpses of victims were buried.

Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall has a total area of 30,000 square meters with 9 gates. It is mainly composed of four sections: Site Square, Exhibition Area. Mass Grave of 10000 Corpse and Peace Park with a total area of 30,000 square meters.

We are thankful for Iris Chang

We are thankful for Iris Chang ( 张纯如) who has let the people around world better know the massacre. Iris Shun-Ru Chang (March 28, 1968 – November 9, 2004) was an American-born Chinese journalist, best known for her best-selling “The Rape of Nanking: The Forgotten Holocaust of World War II (published in 1997).

Iris Chang, author of “The Rape of Nanking”, ended her life with a pistol on November 9, 2004. She was 36. She had suffered from years of depression and constant sleep deprivation since her bestseller – “The Rape of Nanking”.

Iris Chang and her bestseller – “The Rape of Nanking”. (Image Credit: news.cgtn.com)

In his eulogy, reporter Richard Rongstad said, “Iris Chang lit a flame and passed it to others and we should not allow that flame to be extinguished.” ( Quoted from Who killed ‘Rape of Nanking’ author Iris Chang? by cgtn.com).

How to Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall

Take subway line 2 and get off at the station of Yunjin Lu (云锦路) and exit at Exit 2. When you exit from the subway station, you will see a huge architecture built of grey marble.

This is the Massacre Museum. You should enter Gate 1, first visit the Exhibition Area, then the Site Square, the Mass Grave of 10000 Corpses and finally the Peace Park. You are advised to exit from the Gate 2 and get back to the subway Station of Yunjin Rd (云锦路). But the museum’s official address is No.418, Shuiximen Street.

Location of Nanjing Massacre Museum (Google Map)

It is open from Tuesday to Sunday 08:30-17:30 (16:30 for latest entry); closed on Mondays;
Note: It will be normally open on Mondays on statutory holidays.

China Nanjing Yunjin Museum

As you can find from the google map above, upright corner there is a museum known as “China Nanjing Yunjin Museum“.

“Yunjin” literally means “cloud-pattern brocade” in Chinese. It now refers to the famous Nanjing Yunjin tapestry which dates back almost 1,600 years. The traditional Jacquard silk patterns are as various and as beautiful as the clouds in the sky, hence the name “Yunjin”.

If you have extra time, you may put the two museums on a half day combo trip. It is open 8 am-5:30 pm. Its address: 240 Chating East Street, Nanjing.

Virtual Tour of Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall

Follow me to visit the Massacre Museum.

Take subway line 2 and get off at the station of Yunjin Rd (云锦路) and exit at Exit 2.

Take subway line 2 and get off at the station of Yunjin Rd (云锦路)

The museum is a grey marble building with overwhelming statues and sculptures.

The museum is a grey marble building with overwhelming statues and sculptures.

People are waiting in line to visit the museum which is free of charge. Try to avoid weekends and holidays and get to there earlier to beat the crowds. Each day there are a huge number of visitors coming to the museum.

People are waiting in line to visit the museum.

When you enter the museum, you are on the site square, open and not so overpowering with people. The most prominent site you will see the stone wall engraved with the time of the massacre and 300,000 victims.

he most prominent site you will see the stone wall.

Turn right and walk to the Exhibition Area. In the exhibition hall, exhibits, photos and the memorabilia in the cabinets in English Japanese and Chinese tell their own stories without words.  People are looking at the exhibits.

People are looking at the exhibits.
Mass Slaughters
Occasional Slaughters
20000 case of rape during Nanjing Massacre

John Rabe is well known in China for his efforts to stop war crimes during the Japanese takeover of Nanjing and he did a lot to protect and help Chinese civilians during the massacre.

John Rabe did a lot to protect and help Chinese civilians during the massacre.
The Mass Grave of 10000 Corpses
A group of students are waiting in line to see the mass grave of the 10000 corpses
The Peace Park calls on people to love peace and wipe off the War.

After visiting Nanjing Massacre Museum, if you have extra time, you have a 700-m walk to reach China Nanjing Yunjin Museum, where you see how weavers to make Yunjin tapestry with the traditional Jacquard silk patterns.

Yunjin tapestry Weaving

Tip:  Hassle-free Jiangsu Guided Tours

If you don’t want to do a self-guided tour and prefer the hassle-free escorted tours,  here are some options for organized tours to Jiangsu Province:

Nanjing Tour
Suzhou Tour
Jiangsu Tour

Further Readings

Top 10 Attractions in Nanjing
How to Visit Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall
How to Visit Nanjing Confucius Temple-The Qinhuai River Scenic Area
How to Visit Zhonghua Gate Nanjing
How to Visit Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge
How to Visit Linggu Temple Scenic Area
Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum Music Stage
How to Visit Dr. Sun Yat-sen’s Mausoleum
How to Visit Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum
How to Visit Nanjing Presidential Palace

Nanjing South Railway Station
Nanjing Taxi: Nanjing Taxi Fares, Tips and Phones
Suzhou Railway Station
Suzhou Taxi: Suzhou Taxi Fares, Tips and Phones

Top 10 Attractions in Suzhou
Suzhou Railway Station
How to Visit Tongli Water Town
How to Visit Zhouzhuang Water Town
How to Visit Pingjiang Road in Suzhou
How to Visit The Garden of the Master of the Nets
How to visit Humble Administrator’s Garden
How to Visit Lion Grove Garden
How to Visit Canglang Pavilion
How to Visit Guanqian Street in Suzhou
4 Amazing Short Trip Ideas from Shanghai
Wuzhen Pictures – Wuzhen Photo Gallery
Zhouzhuang Pictures – Zhouzhuang Photo Gallery

Any questions, just drop a line.

How to Visit Zhonghua Gate Nanjing (Tips, Photos & Maps)

Thursday, January 20th, 2022
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Plan your Nanjing Tour? Don’t miss Zhonghua Gate (中华门瓮城) , the largest ancient city wall gate complex in China, akin to a huge castle in the west. The massive city wall gate is a historical relic left by Zhu Yuzhuang, the first emperor and founder of Ming Dynasty (1638 -1644) . There used to be 13 gates of this kind along the over-30km ancient city wall of the Ming Dynasty.

The name of Zhonghua Gate was changed for several time. Firs named “south gate” since it was located on the south of the city. It is also known as Jubaomen “Gathering Treasures Gate”.  In 1931 when the Republic of China government set Nanjing as its capital, the gate was named Zhonghua Gate ( the Gate of China ).

How get to Gate of China Nanjing (Gate Castle)

” Zhonghua” literally means “China”, so that’s why the Google Map recognizes the Zhonghua Gate as “Gate of China, Nanjing“. It is located at Zhonghua Road, Qinhuai District, Qinhuai District, Nanjing.

Public bus lines:
1) From Nanjing Railway Station, take Bus No. 33 and get off at Zhonghuamen Stop.
2) From Xinjiekou South Station, take bus No. 16 or 33 to Zhonghuamen Station
3) From Lukou Airport, take the airport bus from Nanjing Lukou Airport to Zhonghuamen Long-distance passenger station, then transfer to No.2 bus to Zhonghuamen Station and get off.

Subway
Take Nanjing Metro Line 1 to Zhonghuamen Station and walk there

How to Visit Zhonghua Gate Nanjing

The city gate castle has 3 inner cities connected by four arched gates with its dimensions 118.5 m from east to west, and 128 m from south to north. Each inner city had holes to hide soldiers. Each gate was equipped with a Qianjinzha ( Heavy Gate ) which could be opened up and down.

The Map of Zhonghua Gate Nanjing (Google)

The Zhonghua Gate has gong through wind and rain for 600 years. It still keeps it original appearance though much of its wooden structures destroyed. Zhonghua Gate is a master piece of China’s ancient engineering project of complex and intricate design, which has a prominent place in the wall construction history in China.

The Bird’s-eye view of the Gate of China ( Image credit: sina.com.cn)

Entrance Fee: 50 yuan per person
Opening Hours: 8: 30 – 20:30

Gate of China is only a 20-minute walk away from the Nanjing Confucius Temple Area (Google)

While you are planning your short trip to the Gate of China, you are recommended to go deeper to include Nanjing Confucius Temple-The Qinhuai River Scenic Area after you visit the Zhonghua Gate since the gate is only a 20-minute walk from the prominent scenic area.

Now Nanjing Confucius Temple with its old world charming surrounding area is popularly and officially known as Nanjing Confucius Temple-The Qinhuai River Scenic Area (夫子庙秦淮风光带).

Virtual Tour of Gate of China Nanjing

Follow us to have a virtual tour of Zhonghua Gate Nanjing (Gate Castle).

The main gate to the gate castle has three layers, 21.45 meters high.

On each side of the gate castle exterior, there are two large ramps used for running soldiers on horse up to the top of the gate castle.

two large ramps outside the gate used for running soldiers on horse up to the top
So people can go up to the top of the castle through the ramp.
The two smaller side gates of the gate castle are for the daily traffic for the locals.
The inner gates linking the three inner cities inside Gate of China castle
Each gate inside the castle is made of huge strip stones and bricks.
In each of the three inner cities, there are Brick stairs leading up to the top.
 
A bird-eye’s view of the inner city behind the huge main gate
One of the three inner city inside the gate castle
The ancient cannons on the top
The Gate of China links the city wall winding further into the city.
Overlooking the three inner cities from the top

It is estimated that hundreds of millions of bricks were used to build the Ming City wall in Nanjing. The bricks are generally 40 ~ 45 cm long, 20 cm wide and 10 ~ 12 cm thick.

The bricks are generally 40 ~ 45 cm long

Tip:  Hassle-free Jiangsu Guided Tours

If you don’t want to do a self-guided tour and prefer the hassle-free escorted tours,  here are some options for organized tours to Jiangsu Province:

Nanjing Tour
Suzhou Tour
Jiangsu Tour

Further Readings

Top 10 Attractions in Nanjing
How to Visit Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall
How to Visit Nanjing Confucius Temple-The Qinhuai River Scenic Area
How to Visit Zhonghua Gate Nanjing
How to Visit Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge
How to Visit Linggu Temple Scenic Area
Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum Music Stage
How to Visit Dr. Sun Yat-sen’s Mausoleum
How to Visit Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum
How to Visit Nanjing Presidential Palace

Nanjing South Railway Station
Nanjing Taxi: Nanjing Taxi Fares, Tips and Phones
Suzhou Railway Station
Suzhou Taxi: Suzhou Taxi Fares, Tips and Phones

Top 10 Attractions in Suzhou
Suzhou Railway Station
How to Visit Tongli Water Town
How to Visit Zhouzhuang Water Town
How to Visit Pingjiang Road in Suzhou
How to Visit The Garden of the Master of the Nets
How to visit Humble Administrator’s Garden
How to Visit Lion Grove Garden
How to Visit Canglang Pavilion
How to Visit Guanqian Street in Suzhou
4 Amazing Short Trip Ideas from Shanghai
Wuzhen Pictures – Wuzhen Photo Gallery
Zhouzhuang Pictures – Zhouzhuang Photo Gallery

Top 10 Attractions in Nanjing (Tips, Photos & Map)

Monday, January 17th, 2022
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Plan your Nanjing tour? We’ve made a list of the top 10 attractions in Nanjing, which may be useful for your planning your short trip to Nanjing.

Nanjing is the capital of Jiangsu province, China, and has a prominent place in Chinese history and culture. Located in the lower Yangtze River drainage basin and Yangtze River Delta economic zone, Nanjing has always been one of China’s most important cities.

Nanjing, which has been the capital of several Chinese imperial dynasties, is one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China. In Nanjing, you can see not only diverse historical and cultural buildings, such as ancient temples, and distinctive garden buildings, but also stunning scenic spots and areas like Qixia Mountain, Qin Huai River, and Xuanwu Lake.

No. 01: Dr Sun Yat-Sen Mausoleum

Dr Sun Yat-Sen Mausoleum is situated on Zhongshan Mountain in the eastern suburb of Nanjing, capital city of Jiangsu province. It was built in January 1926 and was finished in 1929.

Dr. Sun Yat-sen was a great forerunner of the Chinese democratic revolution and led by Dr. Sun the Chinese people brought down the corrupt rule of the Qing Dynasty and ended 2000 years of the feudal monarchy system, which led the Chinese peoples in to a new age.

Check out How to Visit Dr. Sun Yat-sen’s Mausoleum for more information.

The whole Mausoleum Scenic Area represents an alarm bell as seen from the air, symbolizing the noble spirit and heroic efforts of Dr. Sun Yat-sen’s devotion to the Chinese people, fight of oppression and wining the independence of China.

Entrance Fee: Free
Opening Hours: 07:00-18:00
How to get there: take Buses Y1, Y2, No. 9 to the Dr Sun Yat Sen Mausoleum

2. Nanjing Confucius Temple-The Qinhuai River Scenic Area

Now Nanjing Confucius Temple with its old world charming surrounding area is popularly and officially known as Nanjing Confucius Temple-The Qinhuai River Scenic Area (夫子庙秦淮风光带).

Check out How to Visit Nanjing Confucius Temple-The Qinhuai River Scenic Area for more information.

Qinhua River flanked by the traditional style of houses

The Qinhuai River is the biggest river in Nanjing It’s also the birthplace of the age-old Nanjing culture. As such, it’s called “Nanjing’s mother river”. Qinhuai River is a branch of the Yangtze River, running about 110 kilometers, a major watercourse around Nanjing City.

How to get there: It is most convenient to take subway line – take subway line 1 and get off at the station of Sanshan Jie (三山街), and exit from Exit 3 (Jinshanjing 金沙井) and walk a few steps to get to the site of the Confucius Temple area.

Take Nanjing Metro Line 3 to Fuzimiao Station, get off at Exit 2 or 3, walk south along Pingjiangfu Road, you can reach Qinhuai Archway, Imperial Examination Museum in the scenic area

3. Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum

Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum is the tomb of the Hongwu Emperor, the founder of the Ming Dynasty. It lies at the southern foot of Purple Mountain, the east of the historical center of Nanjing.

The construction of the mausoleum began during the Hongwu Emperor’s life in 1381 and ended in 1405, during the reign of his son the Yongle Emperor, with a huge expenditure of resources involving 100,000 laborers.

Check out How to Visit Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum for more information.

The actual burial site of the Ming Tomb

The original wall of the mausoleum was more than 22.5 kilometers long. The mausoleum was built under heavy guard of 5,000 military troops. Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum has a grand scale with stately buildings.

Entrance Fee: CNY 70
Opening Hours: 09:00-21:00
How to get there: take Buses Y 2, Y3 or 20 to Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum

4. Presidential Palace

The Presidential Palace is located at 292 Changjiang Road, in the Xuanwu District of Nanjing. It is now a museum, the China Modern History Museum.

The Presidential Palace is currently serving as the Nanjing museum of Chinese contemporary history. The gate of the Presidential Palace is western style with meters-long guard stations in two sides, while the second gate is typical Chinese style.

Check out How to Visit Nanjing Presidential Palace for more information.

Chiang Kai-shek’s Office

Through the gate there is a long corridor, along which are hall, foreign guests reception room, lobby of president and some offices.

Entrance Fee: CNY 40
Opening Hours: 08:00-17:30
How to get there: take Buses No. 2, 3, 5, 29 or 65 from the downtown area to Presidential Palace

5. Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge

The Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge is the first bridge to be built across the Yangtze River in Nanjing, China. It was completed in 1968 and is the first double-deck, double-track highway and railway bridge.

Check out How to Visit Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge for more information.

The Yangtze bridge is a double-decked road-rail truss bridge with 9 bridge piers.

It includes a bus stop and a museum. On the western side of the bridge, a new city is currently being developed. It is 6,772 meters long and has a span of 160 meters—it can take up to 15 minutes to cross during regular traffic periods. Supporters of the Cultural Revolution within China have cited the construction of the bridge as one of the positive legacies of the Revolution.

Entrance Fee: Free of Charge
Opening Hours: the whole day
How to get there: take Buses No. 12, 15, 67, 69 or 307 to Daqiao Garden, the Suburb Buses to Pukou and Dachang pass Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge

6. Linggu Temple Scenic Area

Linggu Temple Scenic Area is named after the namesake temple – Linggu Temple. Now the scenic area is mainly composed of Linggu Temple, Linggu Pagoda (also Linggu Tower), the Beamless Hall, the Entrance Gate, the Paifang and a large screen wall.

From 1928 to 1935 during the Kuomintang Government, the Linggu Temple was gradually built into a cemetery dedicated to the the National Revolutionary Army’s martyrs who gave their lives during the Northern Expedition against the northern warlords and the Anti-Japanese Wall.

Check out How to Visit Linggu Temple Scenic Area for more information.

Linggu Pagoda in the Linggu Temple Scenic Area

1.Take Nanjing Metro Line 2 and get off at “Zhongling Street” station (钟灵街站) and walk along Linggusi Road for about 15 minutes;
2. Take Bus Line 202 and get off at the stop of “Linggu Temple Park” (灵谷寺公园站)
3. Take the sightseeing bus within the park: 1) Take the sightseeing Bus 5 from “Ming Xiaoling (Zixia Lake)”; s or Sightseeing Bus 4 from “Sun Yat-sen’s mausoleum east” and stop at Linggu Tower. This is the tour bus inside Zhongshan Scenic spot, where there are two kinds, the red train and the blue electric car, the ticket price is 5 yuan.

Entrance Fee: CNY 15
Opening Hours: 08:00-17:00
How to get there: take Buses Y3 or No. 9 to Linggu Temple; or take a taxi to get there

7. Zhonghua Gate Nanjing

China Gate was a ceremonial gateway in Nanjing, China. It is a renowned ancient city gate in China and the city gate with the most complex structure in the world.

Check out How to Visit Zhonghua Gate Nanjing for more information.

The Bird’s-eye view of the Gate of China ( Image credit: sina.com.cn)

As the gate looks like an urn, it was also initially called Urn Gate. It is the largest of 13 gates measuring 21.45 meters in height, 118 meters in length from east to west and 129 meters from north to south. The Zhonghua Gate records the dynastic cycle of this city. It shows both the prosperity and decadence of Chinese history.

Entrance Fee: CNY 50
Opening Hours: 08:00-17:30

8. Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum Music Stage

The Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum Music Stage was designed by the well-known artchitects Guan Songsheng and Yang Tingbao.

Its construction was completed in 1933 with the donations from the oversea Chinese in San Francisco and the Liaoning Branch of Kuomintang. The music platform is a supporting project of The Mausoleum of Sun Yat-sen, mainly used for the musical performance and assembly speech during the ceremony to commemorate Dr. Sun Yat-sen.

Check out Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum Music Stage for more information.

The semi-circle lawn can accommodate the audience of 3,000.

The music stage features the Chinese and Western architectural style in the use of natural environment, as well as the layout and facade, fully absorbing the characteristics of ancient Greek architecture, and the use of Chinese jiangnan classical garden form as well.

9. Nanjing Museum

Nanjing Museum is located inside the Zhongshan Gate of Nanjing City. The complex of buildings represents an amalgamation of east and west, with the great hall copying the style of a Liao-dynasty palace.

With an area of 70,000 square meters, Nanjing Museum is one of the largest museums in China. The Museum currently holds some 400,000 objects in its collections, among which are some of the most famous objects in China. The Museum applies modern scientific methods of conservation, and is active in displaying its holdings, having mounted some 236 exhibitions.

Entrance Fee: Free ( but need to book your free ticket in advance)
Opening Hours: 08:00-18:00
How to get there: take Buses Y1, Y2, No. 59, 29, 5, 9, 51 or 55 and get off at Zhongshanmen Station

10. Xuanwu Lake Park

Situated at the foot of Mt. Zhongshan in Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, Xuanwu Lake is a beautiful scenic spot protected by China. It is also one of the three most famous lakes in Nanjing.

The history of Xuanwu Lake can be traced back to the Pre-Qin period. The lake covers an area of 444 hectares with a coastline of 15 kilometers in circumferences.

Xuanwu Lake is best seen in combination with the Ming city wall bordering the park to its east and south and the Ji Ming Temple just outside Jie Fang Men at Xuanwu Lake’s southwestern edge. There are five isles in the lake: Huan Isle, Ying Isle, Liang Isle, Cui Isle and Ling Isle. |

Entrance Fee: Free
Opening Hours: 07:00-21:00
How to get there: take a boat at the opposite of Nanjing Train Station; or take Buses Y1, No. 3, 25, 30, 35 or 38 to Xuanwu Lake Park

Tip:  Hassle-free Jiangsu Guided Tours

If you don’t want to do a self-guided tour and prefer the hassle-free escorted tours,  here are some options for organized tours to Jiangsu Province:

Nanjing Tour
Suzhou Tour
Jiangsu Tour

Further Readings

Top 10 Attractions in Nanjing
How to Visit Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall
How to Visit Nanjing Confucius Temple-The Qinhuai River Scenic Area
How to Visit Zhonghua Gate Nanjing
How to Visit Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge
How to Visit Linggu Temple Scenic Area
Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum Music Stage
How to Visit Dr. Sun Yat-sen’s Mausoleum
How to Visit Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum
How to Visit Nanjing Presidential Palace

Nanjing South Railway Station
Nanjing Taxi: Nanjing Taxi Fares, Tips and Phones
Suzhou Railway Station
Suzhou Taxi: Suzhou Taxi Fares, Tips and Phones

Top 10 Attractions in Suzhou
Suzhou Railway Station
How to Visit Tongli Water Town
How to Visit Zhouzhuang Water Town
How to Visit Pingjiang Road in Suzhou
How to Visit The Garden of the Master of the Nets
How to visit Humble Administrator’s Garden
How to Visit Lion Grove Garden
How to Visit Canglang Pavilion
How to Visit Guanqian Street in Suzhou
4 Amazing Short Trip Ideas from Shanghai
Wuzhen Pictures – Wuzhen Photo Gallery
Zhouzhuang Pictures – Zhouzhuang Photo Gallery

Any questions, just drop a line.