56 Ethnic Groups
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We had an absolutely perfect day with our tour guide - Rogin Luo - who took us for a hike along The Great Wall! Didn't know what to expect and were thrilled to have him as our guide. Very imformative, knowledgable and fun! We go to experience a part of The Great Wall that was unrestored and see all its natural beauty. Got a long history lesson along the way!

After the hike, we all went to lunch at a small place at the bottom of the hill. Located in a house, we ate lunch in the proprietors bedroom! What a hoot! Rogin is the Best of the Best! This tour company delivered for us and we are extremely grateful.

Westborough, Massachusetts
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Home  »  China Travel Guide  »  56 Ethnic Groups  »  Northwest Region
Northwest Region

According to the administrative divisions, Northwest region consists of Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia, Xinjiang and the western part of Inner Mongolia province. Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region is one of the five autonomous regions in China where Hui people mainly assemble in this region. As another autonomous region, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous region is the largest gathering place for Uygur. Kazak, Dongxiang, Tu, Xibe, Kigiz, Salar, Tajiki, Ozbek, Russ, Yugur, Bonan and Tatar are also inhabit here.

» Hui Nationality
Hui Nationality
Hui nationality (回族), with a population of 9,820,000, is the most widespread distribution ethnic minority in China. They gather in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region primarily and also scatter in somewhere else .

» Uygur Nationality
Uygur Nationality
Uygur nationality (维吾尔族) inhabit at the foot of Tianshan Mountain, Xinjiang province. According to the census in 2006, Uygur nationality has a population of 9,413,796 in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, occupying 46% of the total population in Xinjiang province. Uygur means “union”.

» Kazakh Nationality
Kazakh Nationality
Kazakh nationality (哈萨克族), as one of the 56 ethnic minorities, mainly distributes in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. It takes up a population of 1,500,000. Its ancestors dwell in the northern part of Xinjiang and the Central Asia Grassland very early.

» Dongxiang Nationality
Dongxiang Nationality
Dongxiang nationality (东乡族) is a special minority in Gansu province, mainly gathering in Dongxiang Autonomous County in Hui Autonomous Prefecture of Linxia in Gansu. The population of Dongxiang amounted to 515,000 on the basis of the 6th census in 2010. They call themselves as “Sarta”.

» Tu Nationality
Tu Nationality
Tu nationality (土族), with a population of 290,000, mainly distributes in Tu Autonomous County of Huzhu, Minhe Hui and Tu Autonomous County, Datong Hui and Tu Autonomous County and Tongren County in Huangnan Tibet Autonomous Prefecture in Qinghai province. It engaged in agriculture.

» Xibe Nationality
Xibe Nationality
Xibe (锡伯族) is an ancient nationality with a long history, migrating to Qapqal in Xinjiang province in the 18th century. Now they mainly inhabit in Qapqai Xibe Autonomous County. According to the census in 2010, Xibe nationality took up a population of 190,481.

» Kirgiz Nationality
Kirgiz Nationality
Kirgiz nationality (柯尔克孜族) has a long history, which could be traced back to Han Dynasty. The word “Kirgiz” was formulated in 1935, referring to “nomads in the mountain”. According to the census in 2005, Kirgiz nationality had a population of 175,000, most of which settle in Kizilsu Kirghiz Autonomous Prefecture in Xinjiang province.

» Salar Nationality
Salar Nationality
Salar nationality (撒拉族) mainly gathers in Boan, Dongxiang and Salar Nationalities Autonomous County of Jishishan in Gansu province and Xunhua Salar Autonomous County in Qinghai province.

» Tajik Nationality
Tajik Nationality
Tajik nationality (塔吉克族), referring to “royal crown”, mainly distributes in Tajik Autonomous County of Taxkorgan in the southwest of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. On the basis of the 6th census in 2010, Tajik nationality had a population of 51,069. Tajik primarily engaged in animal husbandry and farming.

» Uzbek Nationality
Uzbek Nationality
Uzbek nationality (乌孜别克族) is an ancient ethnic minority of China, whose ancestor is Iranian and Turki. With a population of 14,000, Uzbek mainly distributes in Gujia, Tacheng, Urumqi, Kashgar, Shache, Kagilik and Uzbek County in Xinjiang province.

» Russian Nationality
Russian Nationality
Russian nationality (俄罗斯族) is the descendant of ancient Russian migrant. After hundreds of years’ assimilation, Russian nationality in China is totally different from Russian in appearance and custom. According to the 5th census of 2000, Russian nationality has a population of 15,609.

» Yugu Nationality
Yugu Nationality
Yugu nationality (裕固族) is the descendant of Uigur. With a population of 14,378, Yugu nationality mainly gathers in Sunan Yugu Autonomous County of Zhangye city in Gansu province. They engage in animal husbandry and advocate horse riding and archey.

» Baoan Nationlaity
Baoan Nationlaity
Baoan nationality (保安族) migrated from distant Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and now mostly settles down in Baoan, Dongxiang and Salar Autonomous Country of Jishishan. Baoan nationality has a population of 20,074 on the basis of the 6th census in 2010. They mainly engage in agriculture.

» Tatar Nationality
Tatar Nationality
Tatar nationality (塔塔尔族) is one of the ethnic groups with the smallest population, approximately 3556 on the basis of the 6th census in 2010. Daquan Tatar county in Xinjiang is the only ethnic township of Tatar in the whole nation.

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