56 Ethnic Groups
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We had an absolutely perfect day with our tour guide - Rogin Luo - who took us for a hike along The Great Wall! Didn't know what to expect and were thrilled to have him as our guide. Very imformative, knowledgable and fun! We go to experience a part of The Great Wall that was unrestored and see all its natural beauty. Got a long history lesson along the way!

After the hike, we all went to lunch at a small place at the bottom of the hill. Located in a house, we ate lunch in the proprietors bedroom! What a hoot! Rogin is the Best of the Best! This tour company delivered for us and we are extremely grateful.

Westborough, Massachusetts
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Home  »  China Travel Guide  »  56 Ethnic Groups  »  Han People
Han People

Description: Chinese Han people (汉族), as the principal ethnicity of China, is the descendent of Yan Emperor and Huang Emperor in the classical era. It has the largest population in the world, amounting to 13 billions up to 2009, which takes up 13% of the world’s total population.

In ancient times, Han people created splendid art and culture and made outstanding achievement in the fields of natural science, astronomy and mathematics. In the development of ancient Chinese literature, some classical works is impactful such as Chu Ci, Tang Poem, Song Lyrics and Fictions of Ming and Qing Dynasties.

Language: the Chinese language

Religion: The Han nationality is all-embracing to various religious beliefs. For thousands of years, the Confucianism consisting of thought of Confucius and Mencius impacts the Chinese Han people significantly.

Cloth Character: Hanfu clothing is the traditional dress of the Chinese Han people and it is also one of the cultural symbols of Chinese civilization. Hanfu clothing, as one the most ancient clothing in the world, has a history of more than 4,000 years. The complete scale of clothing customs was established in Han Dynasty, hence the name Hanfu clothing.

The feature of Hanfu is pressing the right side over the left one. Lots of East Asian traditional costumes such as Japanese kimono and Korean Hanbok are still developed based on Hanfu. Tang suit, Chi-pao as well as robes jacket is the improved costumes of Qing Dynasty rather than Hanfu.

Food Culture: The Han nationality mainly engaged in agriculture, taking wheat, corn and rice as the staple food, and vegetable, bean products, chicken, pork, mutton and beef as complementary food. Tea and wine are traditional drinks.

Traditional Festivals: The important traditional festive are as follows: Chinese New Year’s Eve, the Spring Festival, Lantern Festival, Qingming Festival, Dragon Boat Festival, Double Seventh Festival, Mid-autumn Festival and Double Ninth Festival.

Crafts: As early as 4,000 years ago, besides stone tools, ceramics technology and textile were appeared. Jade ware and pottery were outstanding representatives of ancestors of Han people. According to the material, crafts are generally divided into textile, pottery, jade ware, metal, bamboo, and stone.

Teaism: China is the hometown of the tea with a history of more than 4,700 years. Chinese teaism enjoyed a high reputation in the world. Japan teaism is resulted from Chinese tea, which was introduced into Japan in Tang Dynasty.

Custom: Seiza is the traditional sitting posture in Han nationality. Posture is as follows: Buttock sits on the ankles, hands lay on the knees with upper body upright, staring blankly ahead. White is dominant tone of funeral, while red is for happy event.


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