Posts Tagged ‘Presidential Palace’

How to Visit Nanjing Presidential Palace

Wednesday, December 12th, 2012
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Plan your Nanjing tour? Nanjing Presidential Palace is a must-visit sight if you are interested in the modern history of China. The palace is located at 292 Changjiang Road in the Xuanwu District of Nanjing. You may take subway line 2 and get off at the station of Da Xing Gong (大行宫) and exit from the Exit 1.

Then walk north along Taiping North Road (north-south) and soon come across Changjiang Road (east-west). Turn right and cross Changjiang Road, you will see the entrance to Nanjing Presidential Palace.

The Nanjing Presidential Palace has the history of over 600 years dating back to the Ming Dynasty ( 1638-1644) when the site was where the two palaces were located – Dehou Palace and Hanwang Palace. In Qing Dynasty (1644 – 1911), this location became the Office of the Viceroy of Liangjiang (两江总督); the chief government official responsible for what is today Jiangsu, Anhui, and Jiangxi.

March 1853, the Taiping Revolution forces led by Hong Xiuquan took Nanjing. The palace was renovated and became Hong’s Palace. Later the armed forces of Taiping Heaven Kingdom was destroyed by Qing Military forces and many buildings were damaged and burned.

In 1870 during the Qing Dynasty, the Office of the Viceroy of Liangjiang was re-establised. The commanders including Lin Zexu, Zeng Guofan,Li Hongzhang,Zuo Zongtang were appointed as Governor-General.

In October 1911, the Xinhai Revolution broke out. Sun Yat-sen was declared as the provisional President of the Republic of China at the Presidential Palace on January 01,1912. The following 5 years saw China falling into Warlord Era till 1927 when the Kuomintang’s Northern Expedition took Nanjing and turned it into the Office of the Nationalist Government.

During the Anti-Japanese Wall (1937–1945), Kuomintang government left Nanjing and moved its capital to Chongqing. The building of the Presidential Palace was captured by Wang Jingwei who collaborated with the Japanese. After Japanese surrender in 1945, Chiang Kai-shek’s Nationalist Government retook the building.

The Presidential Palace also houses Nanjing Historical Remnants Museum of China Modern History. It has a total area of 90,000 sq meters with three visit sections – Middle (Kuomintang government), West( the provisional President of the Republic of China) and East (garden, stable, the remnants of the former executive offices and a series of exhibits and displays).

Entrance ticket: RMB 40
Opening hours:April – October: 07:30 – 18:00
November – March: 08:00 – 17:00
Complaint: 025-84578700
Ticket Office:025-84578700
Guide Service:025-84578716

The Tourist Map of the Nanjing Presidential Palace

The Tourist Map of the Nanjing Presidential Palace

 The main entrance to the Presidential Palace

The main entrance to the Presidential Palace

Walk along the axis of the palace, on your right side you will see a special exhibition room displaying the pictures and historical materials regarding Liangjiang Viceroy Office Residence of Qing Dynasty.

Historical materials regarding Liangjiang Viceroy Office Residence of Qing Dynasty

To the north of the Exhibition Hall of Liangjiang Viceroy Office Residence of Qing Dynasty, you will visit the showroom introducing Hong Xiuquan and Taiping Heaven Kingdom.

The Model of the palace of Taiping Heavenly Kingdom

The Model of the palace of Taiping Heavenly Kingdom

 

Reception Room of the Kuomintang government. During the Nationalist Government periods, Chiang Kai-shek, Lin Sen, Li Zongren and other leaders took a short break in this room before ceremonies began. The communists-Nationalists Negotiations were held here in 1946.  

Reception Room of the Kuomintang government

Move along the axis, you will visit the exhibition rooms with photos and artifacts introducing Kuomintang government.

The Zichao Building was used as the office building of the National Government and the Presidential Palace. 

The Zichao Building

Chiang Kai-Shek’s Office

Chiang Kai-shek’s Office

The picturesque Taiping Lake is located in the west section of the palace.

Taiping Lake

The west section of the palace is left many remnants of the Najing Provisional Government. Dr.Sun Yat-sen took his oath of office in the Liangjiang Viceroy residence on January 01, 1912, this declared to the world that the Republic of China was formally established.

Even though the Nanjing Provisional Government only lasted about three months, it promulgated a series of important and influential politics, laws and decrees that proved advantageous to the development of the society.

Dr.Sun Yat-sen took his oath of office in the Liangjiang Viceroy residence on January 01, 1912

 Tip:  Hassle-free Nanjing Guided Tours

06611If you don’t want to go the do-it-yourself route and prefer the hassle-free escorted tours,  here are some options for Nanjing Guided Tours:

Nanjing Highlight Day Tour  from US$75 p/p
Nanjing 2 Day Highlight Tour  from US$190 p/p
Nanjing One Day Side Trip  from US$90  p/p
Nanjing Suzhou Hangzhou Shanghai 6 Day Tour  from US$560 p/p
Nanjing Car Rental

Further Readings


Nanjing Massacre Museum: The museum tells the overwhelming atrocities committed by the Japanese forces of aggression from December 13 to January, 1938.
Nanjing Presidential Palace:a must-visit sight if you are interested in the modern history of China
Ming Xiaoling Tomb:the burial site of the Hongwu Emperor, the first emperor and founder of Ming Dyansty ( 1368-1644 ).
Sun Yat-sen’s Mausoleum:Dr. Sun Yat-sen is considered to be the “Father of Modern China” who stablished the Republic of China.
Linggu Temple Scenic Area:The Linggu Temple was gradually built into a cemetery dedicated to the the National Revolutionary Army’s martyes.
Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge:Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge is the first bridge over the Yangtze River designed and built by China’s own technical strength.
Fuzi Temple ( Confucius Temple ): A famous local walking area to touch Nanjing’s past and present.
Zhonghua Gate: a renowned ancient city gate in China and the largest ancient city wall gate in the world.
Taiping Heavenly Kingdom History Museum: The museum shows the maps, pictures and captions to tell the progress and history of Taiping Army.

Top 10 Attractions in Nanjing
Nanjing Taxi

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