Archive for the ‘Luoyang Travel’ Category

Luoyang Museum Guide

Monday, March 12th, 2012
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Plan your Luoyang Tour? Visiting Luoyang Museum is highly recommended. The location of Luoyang Museum has changed three times, originally built inside Guanlin Temple in 1958, and in 1970s moved to the city center of Luoyang and now located south of Luohe River in the southern Luoyang.

The new Luoyang Museum was open to the public on April 1, 2011. Hope this museum guide will assist you making your short trip to Luoyang Museum.

You may take bus no 15, 37 or 62 to Luoyang Museum, or you may take a taxi. The museum lies just south of Luohe River which spans the city of Luoyang from east to west.

The area surrounding the museum is quite clean and green. You don’t find anything commercial except a few mobile food stalls, selling bottled water, boiled corns, baked eggs and potatoes.

Add: Nietai Road, New District, Luoyang
Enquiry Phone: 0378 – 65791173

You don’t find anything commercial except a few mobile snack stalls

You don’t find much commercial except a few mobile snack stalls.

The museum building covers a construction area of 6,2000 square meters with 230m long, 140m wide. Its outlook resembles to a huge bronze vessel standing on the ground, implying the historical Accumulation of Chinese civilization.

Its outlook resembles to a huge bronze vessel

Luoyang Museum is free of charge. But you still need a ticket to enter the museum. So how? Go to a ticket office on the right side of the museum. Just ask for a ticket which is only available for a particular day.

After taking your ticket, go back to the entrance at the middle of the building. Please remember the opening dates are from Tuesday to Sunday with Monday closed. Its opening time is from 9:00 to 17:00 and ticket selling stops at 16:30.

The main entrance to Luoyang Museum

The main entrance to Luoyang Museum

The first floor is dedicated to the basic exhibition depicting the Heluo Civilization (Luoyang’s history and culture). The second floor is mainly designed for 7 exhibition rooms for 7 themed exhibitions – Exhibition of Calligraphy and Painting, Exhibition of Ancient Treaure of Luoyang, Exhibition of pottery figurines of Han and Tang dynasties, Exhibition of tri-colored earthen wares of Tang Dynasty, Exhibition of Qing Imperial cultural relics and Exhibition of ancient fresco Art.

One Basic Exhibition (first floor) and 7 themed Exhibitions (second floor)

One Basic Exhibition (first floor) and 7 themed Exhibitions (second floor)

The spaciou lobby of Luoyang Museum

The spaciou lobby of Luoyang Museum

The first floor for Heluo Civilization (Luoyang’s hisory) is a must for fist time visitors. If you have enough time visiting Luoyang Museum, you are encouraged to go to the second floor to visit other 7 themed exhibitions afer your have visited the first floor dedicated to the splendid history,  the important history in China. The first and basic exhibition on the first is classified into several rooms telling the different stages of the Luoyang’s history from Pre-historical period to modern Luoyang today.

The city of Luoyang went through thirteen dynasties with 105 emperors starting Xia Dynasty (2070BC-1600BC), Shang Dynasty (1600BC-1046BC), Eastern Zhou Dynasty(770BC-256BC), Beiwei Dynasty (493AD-534AD), Sui Dynasty (605AD-619AD) and more with a history of over 4,000 years!

Below are some snaps I took on my recent tour of Luoyang Museum:

Palaeolithic (300,000BC – 10,000BC)

Palaeolithic 1

Xia Dynasty 2

Shang Dynasty (1600BC-1046BC)

Shang Dynasty 1

Shang Dynasty 2

Zhou Dynasty (1046BC-249BC)

Zhou Dynasty 1

Zhou Dynasty 2

 

Zhou Dynasty 3

Wei and Jin Dynasties (265AD-420AD)

Wei and Jin Dynasties 1

Sui And Tang Dynasties 2

Northern Song Dynasty (960AD-117AD)

Northern Song Dynasty 1Northern Song Dynasty 2

Tip:  Hassle-free Luoyang Guided Tours
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If you don’t want to go the do-it-yourself route and prefer the hassle-free escorted tours,  here are some options for Luoyang Guided Tours:

Luoyang One Day Private Tour  Starting US$ 60 per person
Luoyang- Shaolin One Day Private Tour  Starting US$ 60 per person
Luoyang – Shaolin 2 Day Private Tour Packages  Starting US$ 150 per person

Beijing Luoyang 2 Day Round Trip Tour       Starting US$ 280 per person
Beijing Luoyang Shaolin Temple 2 Day Round Trip Tour  Starting US$ 290
Beijing Luoyang ( Shaolin ) 3 Day Tour – Round Trip by Flight Starting US$ 610 per person

Further Readings


Top 10 Attractions in Luoyang
Where to Stay in Luoyang
Luoyang Museum Guide
Museum of Luoyang Eastern Zhou Royal Horse and Chariot Pits
How to visit White Horse Temple
How to Visit Shaolin Temple
Longmen Grottoes Travel Tips
Kung Fu Show at Shaolin Temple

Museum of Luoyang Eastern Zhou Royal Horse and Chariot Pits

Saturday, March 10th, 2012
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Plan your travel to Luoyang? Museum of Luoyang Eastern Zhou Royal Horse and Chariot Pits is worth a visit. The musuem is built over the sacrificial pit area for the emperors in Eastern Zhou Dynasty (770BC – 256BC) with its capital at the site of the present day Luoyang. The burial of the royal horse and chariots here in Luoyang is earlier than that of terra cotta warriors during Qin Dynasty (221–206 B.C.) in Xian.

The city of Luoyang went through thirteen dynasties and 105 emperors starting Xia Dynasty (2070BC-1600BC), Shang Dynasty (1600BC-1046BC), Eastern Zhou Dynasty(770BC-256BC), Beiwei Dynasty (493AD-534AD), Sui Dynasty (605AD-619AD) and more with a history of over 4,000 years! It should be deifinitely included in your Luoyang tour program.

The museum’s former English name is quite long while it is colloquially called “Tianzi Jialiu Museum”. “Tianzi” means emperors while “Jialiu” means their chariots driven by 6 horses. The dicovery of the Tianzi Jialiu Site has great impact on the Chinese archaeology and history.

It is a proof that in the Zhou Dynasty, the emperors had 6 horses to drive their chariots; the vassals 5 horses; the ministers 4 horses; scholar-bureaucrats 3 horses; scholar-officials 2 horses and Common People 1 horse, a kind of strict etiquette formed in Zhou Dynasty, which had been only recorded in ancient books before it was discovered underground in 2002. So the number of the horses indicated the rank and identity of the nobles.

In 2002, the expansion construction of the Luohe Center Plaza stumbled upon the sacrificial site of the Eastern Zhou Royal Horse and Chariot Pits. Its discovery immediately arose the great attention of the local government. A special expert team was set up to access and study the site ending up with a detailed protection proposal. The construction expansion of Luohe Central Plaza was halted and a new museum was established. On October 01, 2003, the museum was open to the public. So the horse and chariots site has been there for over 2000 years! 

Tianzi Jialiu Museum covers an area of 1,700 square meters. It is located underground centrally in the Dongzhou Wangcheng Square 王城广场 (Eastern Zhou Emperor City Square). The museum has three sections – One for the brief introduction of Eastern Zhou Dynasty; second for Eastern Dynasty Mausoleum the third for the pit itself.

So the Tianzi Jialiu Museum is located centrally in the city of Luoyang. It is walkable along the axis down south from Luoyang Railway Station. Many buses take you there including buses 6, 41, 50, 52, 56, and 86 and get off at Wangcheng Square (王城广场).

Entrance fees: RMB 30
Opening time:9:00 – 17:00
Enquiry: 0379 – 6391399 – 8000
Luoyang Tourism Hotline: 0379 – 12301

The statue of th six horses is the symbol of the Wangcheng Square as well as the sign for the entrance to the underground museum of Luoyang Eastern Zhou Royal Horse and Chariot Pits.

The statue of th six horses above the ground.

Exhibition One: The brief introduction to Eastern Zhou Dynasty

The Eastern Zhou Dynasty began when King Ping moved his capital to Luoyi (today Luoyang) in BC770 and was destroyed by Qin state in BC 256 and lasted 515 years. Totally there were 25 kings ruled the Easern Zhou Dynasty, also called Spring and Autumn, and Warring States period in history books. Two cities in Luoyang area, named King City and Cheng Zhou City respectively, the became the capital of Eastern Zhou Dynasty.

The layout of the city in Eastern Zhou Dynasty and Timeline of Emperors in Eastern Zhou Dynasty

The layout of the kinf city in Eastern Zhou Dynasty

A model of the King City of Eastern Zhou Dynasty

A model of the King City of Eastern Zhou Dynasty

Eastern Dynasty Mausoleum 

Then move on to next section – Mausoleum Exploration. The tombs in this area (King city) is the important mausoleum in Eastern Zhou Dynasty. All the 25 kings were buried in Luoyang. Their mausoleums are located on three areas – King City, Chengzhou City and  in the summit of Zhou Mountains.

Bronze Chime-Bells in Eastern Zhou Dynasty

In ancient China, the jade wares were revered and wildly used. It is said that a man of great honor is equal to a precious jade. In Eastern Zhou, nobles were asked to wear jades to keep different form common people. Many of the jade wears have been unearthed in Luoyang.

A set of delicated Jade Wares within Changping District

Horse and Chariots Pit

In ancient China, the number of horses pulling the chariots for emperors represent the rank and nobles. A snap of horses pulling the chariots Pit.

the number of horses pulling the chariots for emperors 

4 horses driving the chariots

4 horses driving the chariots

2 horses driving your chariots car or van

Two pulling the chariots

Six Horse pulling the horse.

Six Horse pulling the horse.

Tip:  Hassle-free Luoyang Guided Tours
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If you don’t want to go the do-it-yourself route and prefer the hassle-free escorted tours,  here are some options for Luoyang Guided Tours:

Luoyang One Day Private Tour  Starting US$ 60 per person
Luoyang- Shaolin One Day Private Tour  Starting US$ 60 per person
Luoyang – Shaolin 2 Day Private Tour Packages  Starting US$ 150 per person

Beijing Luoyang 2 Day Round Trip Tour       Starting US$ 280 per person
Beijing Luoyang Shaolin Temple 2 Day Round Trip Tour  Starting US$ 290
Beijing Luoyang ( Shaolin ) 3 Day Tour – Round Trip by Flight Starting US$ 610 per person

Further Readings


Top 10 Attractions in Luoyang
Where to Stay in Luoyang
Luoyang Museum Guide
Museum of Luoyang Eastern Zhou Royal Horse and Chariot Pits
How to visit White Horse Temple
How to Visit Shaolin Temple
Longmen Grottoes Travel Tips
Kung Fu Show at Shaolin Temple

Any questions,  just drop a line.

How to visit White Horse Temple

Thursday, March 8th, 2012
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Plan your Luoyang Tour? White Horse Temple should be listed on your Luoyang Trip. There are a few temples in the name of White Horse Temple, but the White Horse Temple in Luoyang is the most famous both at home and abroad.

The White Horse Temple in Luoyang is the first Buddhist temple in China, the important cradle of Chins’s buddhism, which was introduced into China from India in 68AD in Eastern Han Dynasty (25 AD – 220 AD) , the same year when the white horse temple was built.

The name of “White Horse Temple” was given by Emperor Ming in Eastern Dynasty to honor two white horses carrying the two monks, namely Matanga and Gobharana, who came from India to Luoyang aimed at spreading Buddhism and translated the Buddhist scriptures into the Chinese language.

Now the main buildings in the temple compound were rebuilt during the Ming Dynasty (1368 to 1644) and Qing Dynasty (1644 to 1912). Along the axis from south to north there are several buildings including Shamen, the Hall of Heavenly Kings, Great Buddhism, the Hall of Hall of Mahavira, Hall of Greetings, Cool and Clear Terrace.

The highlights of the white Horse Temple lie in its long history and great architecture. Now follow me into the world famous White Horse Temple.

The white horse temple is located about 20km east of Luoyang City center. You may take the public bus No.56 starting from Luoyang Railway Station and ending at the White Horse Temple. Or you may take a taxi (RMB 50) directly from downtown Lulyang to the entrance to White Horse.

Entrance  (景点大门)

The entrance fee is RMB 50. The ticket office is by the entrance, which is still about over 100 meters leading to Shanmen, the real gate to the White Horse Temple.

Enter the entrance, you  still need to walk about 100 meters before you reach Shanmen Hall, which means the entrance of the temple.
Shanmen Hall means the entrance to the temple.

 

The ticket office is by the entrance

 

Shanmen Hall (山门)
Shanmen Hall, which means the entrance of the temple. Shanmen Hall means the entrannce to the temple.

 

Shanmen Hall means the entrance to the temple

 

 

The Hall of Heavenly Kings (天王殿)
The hall honors the statue of Maitreya, popularly known as the laughing Buddha,sitting right at the forefront of the hall. On both sides of the statue there are four heavenly kings, each representing one fourth of the universe.

the Hall of Heavenly Kings

Great Buddha Hall (大佛殿)
It houses a statue of the Buddhist founder – Sakyamuni standing in the middle of the hall. He is flanked by two of his disciples – Kasyapa and Ananda.

Hall of Great Buddha

The high incense burner placed front of Great Buddha Hall

The the high incense burner placed front of Great Buddha Hall

Again a cone incense burner in an oblong shape placed in front of the Great Buddha Hall

Again a cone incense burner in an oblong shape

Hall of Mahavira (大雄宝殿)
Behind Great Buddha Hall stands the Hall of Mahavira in which there are statues of three principal Buddhas. The statue in the middle is the Sakyamuni Buddha. The statue is accompanied on the left by the Bhavisyajya guru and on the right by Amitabha. They are protected by two heavenly generals named Weituo and Weili.

Hall of Mahavira

Hall of Greetings (接引殿)
The Hall of greeting is the smallest hall in the temple compound. This small hall houses the statues of three western paradise (Indian) saints.

 

Hall of Greetings

 

Cool and Clear Terrace (清凉台)
The terrace is 43m long, 33mwide and 6m high, one of the most beautiful places in the temple.

Cool and Clear Terrace

Kunlu Pavilion (昆卢阁)
The terrace also has a pavilion – Kunlu Pavilion with halls on its east and west that house the statues of the two eminent monks, She Moteng and Zhu Falan. 

Kunlu Pavilion

Plum blossoms and tablets by the red wall

 

Plum blossoms and tablets by the red wall

After you visit the white horse temple, you are highly recommended to take the Bus no.56 by the roadside. Normally you will get a seat on the bus since White Horse Temple is the starting point from east.
boarding the Bus No.56

boarding the Bus No.56

Bus No.56 Stop Sign

 

Bus No.56 Stop Sign

 

On a bus running from White Horse Temple to Luoyang Railway Station

 

On a bus running from White Horse Temple to Luoyang Railway Station

 

Tip:  Hassle-free Luoyang Guided Tours
06611
If you don’t want to go the do-it-yourself route and prefer the hassle-free escorted tours,  here are some options for Luoyang Guided Tours:

Luoyang One Day Private Tour  Starting US$ 60 per person
Luoyang- Shaolin One Day Private Tour  Starting US$ 60 per person
Luoyang – Shaolin 2 Day Private Tour Packages  Starting US$ 150 per person

Beijing Luoyang 2 Day Round Trip Tour       Starting US$ 280 per person
Beijing Luoyang Shaolin Temple 2 Day Round Trip Tour  Starting US$ 290
Beijing Luoyang ( Shaolin ) 3 Day Tour – Round Trip by Flight Starting US$ 610 per person

Further Readings


Top 10 Attractions in Luoyang
Where to Stay in Luoyang
Luoyang Museum Guide
Museum of Luoyang Eastern Zhou Royal Horse and Chariot Pits
How to visit White Horse Temple
How to Visit Shaolin Temple
Longmen Grottoes Travel Tips
Kung Fu Show at Shaolin Temple

Any questions,  just drop a line.