以色列: 耶路撒冷旧城

 admin   2021-10-26 22:22   142 人阅读  0 条评论
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Who takes control of Jerusalem?

Israel
Jerusalem was divided during the first 20 years of Israel's existence. Israel controlled the Western portions of it, while Jordan controlled East Jerusalem. After the 1967 Six-Day War, Israel seized all of Jerusalem

The location of Jerusalem

谁控制了耶路撒冷?

以色列

在以色列存在的头20年里,耶路撒冷被一分为二。以色列控制西部,而约旦控制东耶路撒冷。1967年六日战争后,以色列占领了整个耶路撒冷

Do people still live in the Old City of Jerusalem?

Only around 38,000 people live in the Old City – around 75 per cent of them Muslims – and it's less than a square mile in size, but this is where the cultures collide. Beloved by both Israelis and Palestinians, the status of Jerusalem has always been complicated.

人们还住在耶路撒冷旧城吗?

旧城只有大约38000人居住,其中75%是穆斯林,面积不到一平方英里,但这是文化碰撞的地方。耶路撒冷为以色列人和巴勒斯坦人所喜爱,其地位一直很复杂。

How is the Old City of Jerusalem divided?

The Old City of Jerusalem splits into four quarters; The Jewish Quarter, The Armenian Quarter, The Christian Quarter, and The Muslim Quarter. … Each quarter has its own unique atmosphere and observations, sites and smells, and experiences.

耶路撒冷旧城是如何划分的?

耶路撒冷旧城划分分为四区;犹太区,亚美尼亚区,基督教区和穆斯林区。每个区都有自己独特的氛围、建筑、气味和体验。

How many gates are in the Old City of Jerusalem?

Eight gates
Eight gates are built into the city's walls. Seven are open and one remains sealed. The four main gates - Jaffa Gate, Damascus Gate, Lion's Gate and Zion Gate - were constructed according to the four directions of the compass and led to the main cities of the land.

耶路撒冷旧城有多少城门?

八个门
城墙上有八个门。七个是打开的,一个是密封的。四个正门——雅法门、大马士革门、狮子门和锡安门——是按照指南针的4个方向建造的,通向主要城市。

Is Jerusalem Old city Open?

The checkpoint is open on Sunday-Thursday from 09:00 to 18:00, on Friday and Holiday eves from 09:00 to 13:00. During these hours the travel route becomes a public transport route.

耶路撒冷旧城开放吗?
检查站开放时间为周日-周四09:00 - 18:00,周五和节假日09:00 - 13:00。在这几个小时里,旅行路线变成了公共交通路线。

Why is the Old City of Jerusalem important?

The Old City of Jerusalem is significant to Jews, Christians, and Muslims because of the important structures and events that took place in the city. ... For Christians, the city contains the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, where they believe Jesus Christ was crucified, buried, and resurrected.

为什么耶路撒冷老城很重要?
耶路撒冷旧城对犹太人、基督徒和穆斯林来说意义重大,因为在旧城市里有重要的宗教建筑;历史上在这里发生了重要事件. …对于基督徒来说,这座城市有圣墓教堂,他们相信耶稣基督在那里被钉上十字架,埋葬,复活。

Who controls Al Aqsa Mosque?

The Waqf Ministry of Jordan held control of the al-Aqsa Mosque until the 1967 Six-Day War. After Israel's victory in that war, Israel transferred the control of the mosque and the northern Noble Sanctuary to the Islamic waqf trust, who are independent of the Israeli government.

谁控制了阿克萨清真寺?
直到1967年的六日战争之前,约旦外交与侨务部一直控制着阿克萨清真寺。以色列在那场战争中获胜后,将清真寺和北部诺布尔圣所(Noble Sanctuary)的控制权移交给了独立于以色列政府的伊斯兰教基金会(Islamic waqf trust)。

Is Jerusalem Old City Safe?

Tourists wishing to travel around the Old City can rest assured that it is considered safe. There is a constant presence of police, in particular before entering the Western Wall area, and the Israeli military in the main streets of the Muslim Quarter.

耶路撒冷旧城安全吗?

希望游览老城的游客可以放心,老城是安全的。特别是在进入西墙地区之前,经常有警察在巡逻;另外,在穆斯林区主要街道上有以色列军队。

Who controls the Gaza Strip in Israel today?

Hamas
Originally occupied by Egypt, Gaza was captured by Israel during the 1967 Middle East war. Israel withdrew its troops and around 7,000 settlers in 2005. It is under the control of the militant Islamist group Hamas, which ejected forces loyal to the then governing Palestinian Authority (PA) after a violent rift in 2007.

现在谁控制着以色列的加沙地带?

哈马斯

加沙最初由埃及占领,在1967年的中东战争中被以色列占领。以色列在2005年撤出了军队和大约7000名定居者。在2007年的一次暴力冲突后,哈马斯驱逐了效忠于当时执政的巴勒斯坦权力机构(PA)的军队。

What is the difference between the City of David and Jerusalem?

The City of David is actually the ancient core of Jerusalem, from which the city grew and developed throughout history.

大卫城和耶路撒冷有什么不同?

大卫城实际上是耶路撒冷的旧城老核心,整个历史上,这座城市就是从这里发展起来的。

Who occupied Israel first?

The Romans occupied Jerusalem and Israel in the first century BCE. The Jews revolted against Roman Rule about 130 years later during what became known as the First Jewish Revolt.

The Romans occupied Jerusalem and Israel in the first century BCE. The Jews revolted against Roman Rule about 130 years later during what became known as the First Jewish Revolt.

罗马人在公元前一世纪占领了耶路撒冷和以色列。大约130年后,犹太人起义反抗罗马统治,这就是众所周知的第一次犹太人起义。

Where is the birth place of Jesus?

Bethlehem
Bethlehem lies 10 kilometres south of the city of Jerusalem, in the fertile limestone hill country of the Holy Land. Since at least the 2nd century AD people have believed that the place where the Church of the Nativity, Bethlehem, now stands is where Jesus was born.

耶稣的诞生地在哪里?

伯利恒
伯利恒位于耶路撒冷城南10公里处,在圣地肥沃的石灰岩山区。至少从公元2世纪开始,人们就相信伯利恒主诞堂所在之处就是耶稣诞生的地方。

Where did Jews come from?

Jews originated as an ethnic and religious group in the Middle East during the second millennium BCE, in the part of the Levant known as the Land of Israel. The Merneptah Stele appears to confirm the existence of a people of Israel somewhere in Canaan as far back as the 13th century BCE (Late Bronze Age).

犹太人从哪里来?

公元前2000年,犹太人作为一个民族和宗教团体起源于中东,在被称为以色列土地的黎凡特地区。麦伦普塔赫石碑似乎证实了早在公元前13世纪(晚期青铜器时代)迦南某个地方的以色列人的存在。

Who controls Temple Mount?

Israel
The Temple Mount is within the Old City, which has been controlled by Israel since 1967. After the Six-Day War, Israel handed administration of the site back to the Waqf under Jordanian custodianship, while maintaining Israeli security control. It remains a major focal point of the Arab–Israeli conflict.

谁控制着圣殿山?
以色列
圣殿山位于旧城内,旧城自1967年以来一直由以色列控制。六日战争结束后,以色列将该圣殿山的管理权交还给约旦人,同时维持以色列的安全控制。它仍然是阿拉伯-以色列冲突的一个主要焦点。

Why is there an Armenian Quarter in Jerusalem?

The Armenian presence in Jerusalem dates back to the 4th century AD, when Armenia adopted Christianity as a national religion and Armenian monks settled in Jerusalem. Hence, it is considered the oldest living diaspora community outside the Armenian homeland.

为什么耶路撒冷会有亚美尼亚区?

亚美尼亚人在耶路撒冷的存在可以追溯到公元4世纪,当时亚美尼亚将基督教作为国教,亚美尼亚僧侣在耶路撒冷定居。因此,它被认为是亚美尼亚本土之外现存最古老的移民社区。

The Major Religious Sites in the Old City of Jerusalem

Feel awestruck at the timeless spiritual site in Jerusalem.

The Map of the Old City in Jerusalem ( Google)

Temple Mount 圣殿山:位于以色列耶路撒冷老城的宗教圣地。 在不到14公顷的地方,保存着众多的宗教遗迹: 圆顶清真寺( the Dome of the Rock)、 阿克萨清真寺( the Al-Aqsa Mosque )、西墙 the Western Wal (哭墙) 等。

Temple Mount 圣殿山 (Image Credit: Photo by Yossi Zamir/Flash 90 with additions by HonestReporting )

the Dome of the Rock 圆顶清真寺 : 坐落在耶路撒冷老城东部的圣殿山,被穆斯林认为是先知默罕默德升天之地。

the Al-Aqsa Mosque 阿克萨清真寺:是伊斯兰第三大圣寺。地位仅次于麦加圣寺和麦地那先知寺。位于以色列耶路撒冷老城的圣殿山。

the Western Wall 西墙(哭墙):是以色列耶路撒冷旧城古代犹太国第二圣殿护墙的一段,也是第二圣殿护墙的仅存遗址,长约50米,高约18米,由大石块筑成。该段城墙位于圣山殿西侧。

Today the Temple Mount, a walled compound within the Old City of Jerusalem, is the site of two magnificent structures: the Dome of the Rock to the north and the Al-Aqsa Mosque to the south. In the southwest stands the Western Wall—a remnant of the Second Temple and the holiest site in Judaism.

如今,圣殿山是耶路撒冷老城内一个有围墙的建筑群,是两座宏伟建筑的所在地:北面的圆顶清真寺和南面的阿克萨清真寺。西南方向矗立着西墙,这是第二圣殿的遗迹,也是犹太教最神圣的地方。

Church of the Holy Sepulchre 圣墓教堂 :又称“复活大堂”,耶稣坟墓所在地,基督教圣地,耶路撒冷基督教大教堂之一。位于以色列东耶路撒冷旧城。圣墓教堂是耶稣基督遇难、安葬和复活的地方。

(以上英文资料来自Google)


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