探秘土耳其卡帕多西亚童话般的烟囱

 admin   2021-10-31 20:24   129 人阅读  0 条评论
Beijing tour

阅读环球旅行英语,提高相关英语阅读能力,获取世界著名旅游目的地和旅行知识。开阔眼界,为自己中意的旅行目的地做好出发的准备。

环球旅游英语

Peek into the fairytale chimneys of Cappadocia

In this rock-cut Turkish dreamland, surreal views pile on top of quirky historical details until you almost believe the local guides who tell you that Star Wars was filmed among these caves churches. But Cappadocia, with its curvy valleys of smooth rock and underground cities, is way more impressive than a Hollywood film. It all began around 12 million years ago with a series of megalithic volcanic eruptions, which produced the ash that hardened into soft tuff rock. Several millennia of erosion formed the sinuous valleys dotted with "fairy chimneys" rock formations, resembling mushrooms, phalluses, camels, Napoleon's hat, the Virgin Mary and anything you can imagine.

这个在岩石上开凿的土耳其梦境中,当地导游告诉你,《星球大战》就是在这些洞穴教堂中拍摄的,你几乎相信这些离奇的景色后面有更加离奇的历史故事。但是卡帕多西亚,有着光滑的岩石和地下城市的曲曲折折的山谷,比一部好莱坞电影更令人印象深刻。这一切都始于大约1200万年前一系列的巨石火山爆发,产生的火山灰硬化成松软的凝灰岩。几千年的侵蚀形成了曲折的山谷,点缀着“童话般的烟囱”的岩层,类似蘑菇、阳具、骆驼、拿破仑的帽子、圣母玛利亚和你能想象到的任何东西。

Air-Balloon flight over the rock formations in Cappadocia (Image Credit: travelandleisure.com)

Adding a human touch, Byzantine Christians turned these remote valleys of central Turkey into monasteries. The finest is preserved by the Goreme Open-Air Museum, where the colourful religious frescoes in the fairy chimney chapels look as good as new. You can tour the upper levels of the underground cities carved by the troglodyte monks, who went to ground there when marauding Islamic horsemen passed through.

拜占庭的基督徒把土耳其中部的这些偏远山谷变成了修道院,增添了人情味。最精美的保存在格莱梅露天博物馆,在那里,童话烟囱小教堂里色彩斑斓的宗教壁画看起来就像新的一样。你可以参观穴居人僧侣们开凿地下城市的上层,当打劫的伊斯兰骑兵经过时,他们就躲在那里。

Uchisar Castle - a rock-cut castle (Image Credit: .peraair.com)

Cappadocia was for centuries as a farming region, where the holes peppering the fairy chimneys and cliffs were pigeons for use as fertilizer. These days, boutique hotels offer rock-cut hammams and cave suites. Days here are filled with singular experiences, startling with a dawn hot-air balloon flight over the wavy valleys and knobbly formations, such as Uchisar Castle. Explore the valleys on foot or horseback, and ride a scooters to the old Ottoman Greek village of Mustafapasa. Come sunset, position yourself on a viewpoint or hotel terrace to see how Rose Valley got its name. ( 英语原文来自: Lonely Planet )

几个世纪以来,卡帕多西亚一直是一个农业区,在那里,点缀在精灵烟囱和悬崖上的洞是用作肥料的鸽子。如今,精品酒店提供岩石开凿的浴室和洞穴套房。这里的日子充满了独特的体验,黎明时分热气球飞过波浪起伏的山谷和凹凸不平的地貌,比如乌奇希萨尔城堡(Uchisar Castle)。徒步或骑马探索山谷,骑小型摩托车到古老的奥斯曼帝国时期穆斯塔法帕夏(Mustafapasa)希腊村庄。日落时分,站在观景台或酒店露台上,看看玫瑰谷是如何得名的。

Goreme National Park & Open-air Museum - cave churches with frescoes (Image Credit: peraair.com)

重点单词和词组

quirky [ˈkwɜːki] 奇特的,离奇的,古怪的

curvy [ˈkɜːvi]有曲线的; 弯曲的

megalithic 巨石的; 使用巨石的; 巨石构造

tuff 凝灰岩: 凝灰岩是一种火山碎屑岩,成分主要是火山灰,外貌疏松或致密,颜色多样,有紫红色、灰白色、灰绿色等。

sinuous [ˈsɪnjuəs]曲折的; 蜿蜒的; 弯曲有致的

phallus /ˈfaləs/ 阳具

Goreme Open-Air Museum 格雷梅露天博物馆: 这里是土耳其的世界文化遗产,是在自然地貌的基础上修建的建筑群,包括石窟教堂、礼拜堂和修道院。露天博物馆位于陡峭的山谷之中,浓缩了卡帕多西亚的自然、历史和人文,汇集了三十多个大大小小不同特色的石窟教堂(Baidu)。

troglodyte [ˈtrɑːɡlədaɪt] (尤指史前时期的)穴居人(especially in prehistoric times) a person who lived in a cave.

marauding [məˈrɔːdɪŋ]()到处)抢劫的,打劫的,劫掠的

hammam /hʌmˈɑːm/ 土耳其浴; 浴室

singular [ˈsɪŋɡjələ(r)]突出的; 显著的; 奇怪的; 异常的

knobbly /ˈnɑː.bəli/ 有节的,多疙瘩的 having lumps (= raised areas) on the surface

Uchisar Castle 乌奇希萨尔城堡: 位于卡帕多西亚高原的最高点,距离格雷梅西南只有5公里。乌奇西萨尔城堡的顶部,与远处的埃尔西耶斯(Mount Erciyes)构成了周围地区的壮丽全景。

Mustafapasa 穆斯塔法帕夏:是卡帕多奇亚一个很典型的村庄,在奥斯曼帝国时期,这里曾居住着大量希腊人。而今,希腊人留下来的石窟教堂成为了吸引游客的亮点。

Cappadocia is about 326km to the southeast of Ankara by road. ( Google )

TB北京中文旅游服务

北京外宾旅游
北京外宾特色旅游
北京包车旅游
北京参团旅游
北京长城徒步游
北京租车服务
北京定制旅游

TB北京英文旅游服务

Beijing Tour
Great Wall Tour
Beijing Tour Packages
Beijing Day Tour
Beijing Group Tour
Beijing Winter Tour
Car Rental in Beijing
Create My Beijing Trip

TB 英语

环球旅游英语
健康生活英语
新闻英语词汇
生活英语词汇
英语文学词汇
英语咬文嚼字
英汉智慧语录

Facebooktwitterredditpinterestlinkedinmail
本文地址:https://www.tour-beijing.com/chinese/blog/english-breakfast/logophile/tourism-english/cappadocia/
版权声明:本文为原创文章,版权归 admin 所有,欢迎分享本文,转载请保留出处!
NEXT:已经是最新一篇了
Beijing Day Tour
Beijing Great Wall Tour

 发表评论

您必须 登录 才能发表留言!