16条世界上最好的海岸线

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16 of the world's best coastlines

16条世界上最好的海岸线

Joe Yogerst, CNN • Published 1st August 2018    CNN   Joe Yogerst • 2018年8月1日发布

(CNN) — Coastlines are one of the most alluring of our planet's geographical features.

(CNN)——海岸线是地球上最迷人的地理特征之一。

The clash of land and water is often mesmerizing, as are the plants, animals and human activities that flourish along a shore.

陆地与水的碰撞常常令人着迷,岸边繁盛的植物、动物和人类活动也是如此。

In classic novella "Heart of Darkness," seafaring author Joseph Conrad wrote that all coasts are shrouded in mystery, with an invitation to "come and find out" what they have to offer.

在经典中篇小说《黑暗之心》(Heart of Darkness)中,航海作家约瑟夫·康拉德(Joseph Conrad)写道,所有的海岸都笼罩在神秘之中,邀请人们“来看看”它们能提供什么。

Here are 16 of the world's best coastline destinations, scattered across six continents and three oceans:

以下是世界上16条最好海岸线的目的地,它们分布在六大洲和三大洋:

Cinque Terre, Italy  意大利五渔村

Cinque Terre is a series of colorful fishing villages on the Italian Riviera.

Brian Beard/CNN iReport

五渔村是意大利里维埃拉上一系列色彩缤纷的渔村。

Brian Beard / CNN iReport 提供照片

This rugged Italian shore inspired Dante's vision of Purgatory in his poem "Divine Comedy," but to modern visitors, the Cinque Terre is absolute heaven.

意大利崎岖的海岸激发了但丁在他的诗歌《神曲》中对炼狱的想象,但对现代游客来说,五渔村绝对是天堂。

Protected within the confines of a national park, as well as a UNESCO World Heritage site, it's made up of a cluster of five coastal villages that really do seem lost in time.

它受《国家公园和联合国教科文组织世界遗产》保护,由五个沿海村庄组成,这些村庄似乎真的被时间遗忘了。

The villages are linked by the famous Sentiero Azzurro, as well as other hiking trails that lead to secluded beaches.

这些村庄之间有著名的蓝径(Sentiero Azzurro)连接,也有其他通往僻静海滩的徒步旅行路线

Turquoise Coast, Turkey 土耳其绿松石海岸之路

The Turquoise Coast curves around the southwest of Turkey.

Shutterstock

绿松石海岸环绕土耳其西南部。

Shutterstock 网站提供照片

Known as Lycia in ancient times, the big bend along Turkey's southwest shore is one of the lesser known gems of the Mediterranean Sea which flaunts many attractive coastlines.

沿着土耳其西南海岸的大转湾在古代被称为Lycia,它是地中海中鲜为人知的瑰宝之一,拥有许多迷人的海岸线。

Its bays really are turquoise, especially otherworldly lagoon Ölüdeniz, or "Dead Sea," near the amazingly photogenic Fethiye.

它的海湾真的是绿松石色的,尤其是在非常上镜的费特希耶(Fethiye)附近的“死海”(Dead Sea)。

Sailing is a great way to discover the coast's many secluded bays and coves

沿着海岸线航行能发现海岸上许多隐蔽的海湾的好方法。

Big Sur, California   加利福尼亚大苏尔

Big Sur stretches across the California coastline between Carmel and San Simeon.

Shutterstock 提供照片

大苏尔(Big Sur)横跨卡梅尔(Carmel)和圣西蒙(San Simeon)之间的加利福尼亚海岸线。

A coast that inspired works by Hunter S. Thompson, Jack Kerouac and Henry Miller, photographer Ansel Adams and even the Beach Boys must have something special, and Big Sur doesn't disappoint.

亨特·s·汤普森(Hunter S. Thompson)、杰克·凯鲁亚克(Jack Kerouac)和亨利·米勒(Henry Miller)、摄影师安塞尔·亚当斯(Ansel Adams)、甚至“海滩男孩”(Beach Boys)都曾在这片海岸创作过作品,它一定有一些特别之处,大苏尔(Big Sur)没有令人失望

The vertiginous drive along Highway One connects legendary Hearst Castle with redwood groves, rustic chic hotels, cliff-edge restaurants, and those cute little sea otters at Point Lobos.

一号高速公路高而陡峭的车道将传奇的赫斯特城堡与红木林,乡村别致的酒店,悬崖边的餐馆,和那些在Point Lobos 海湾自然保护区内的可爱的小海獭相连在一起。

Antrim Coast, Northern Ireland 北爱尔兰安特里姆海岸

The Giant's Causeway was the first World Heritage site in Northern Ireland.

Shutterstock 提供照片

巨人之路是北爱尔兰的第一个世界遗产。

Long before popular TV series "Games of Thrones" was filmed here, the Antrim Coast was renowned for its stark, natural beauty.

早在热门电视剧《权力的游戏》(Games of Thrones)在这里拍摄之前,安特里姆海岸就以其荒凉的自然美景而闻名。

The Giant's Causeway, an estimated 40,000 basalt columns created by an ancient volcanic eruption, is one of its stand out sites.

“巨人之路”是一座由古代火山喷发形成的大约4万根玄武岩石柱,是它最引人注目的遗址之一。

Visitors can hike the shore on the Causeway Coast Way, a 51-kilometer trail that includes the vertigo-inducing Carrick-a-Rede Rope Bridge.

游客可以沿着堤道海岸徒步旅行,这条51公里长的路线包括令人眩晕的卡里克(Carrick-a-Rede Rope Bridge)索桥。

Malabar Coast, India   印度马拉巴尔海岸

The Malabar Coast is over 845 kilometers long.

Shutterstock 网站提供照片

马拉巴尔海岸长845公里。

Stretching from Goa to India's southern tip, the fabled Malabar Coast was once renowned in for its fabulous riches and wealthy seaports.

从果阿到印度南端,传说中的马拉巴尔海岸曾因其惊人的财富和富有的海港而闻名。

Nowadays travelers come here to relax on its sun-splashed beaches, cruise the coastal canals in luxury houseboats and slumber in the posh oceanfront resorts of Goa and Kerala.

如今,游客们来到这里,在洒满阳光的海滩上放松,乘坐豪华游艇在沿海运河上游弋,在果阿和喀拉拉邦的豪华海滨度假胜地小憩。

Skeleton Coast, Namibia 纳米比亚骷髅海岸

 Where else can you see lion stalking sea lions and elephants thundering down a beach but this super-secluded stretch of the Namibian coast north of Swakopmund?

除了这片位于斯瓦科普蒙德北部的纳米比亚海岸超级隐蔽地带外,你还能在哪里看到狮子尾随着海狮和大象轰隆隆地冲下海滩呢?

Scattered with shipwrecks, sand dunes and remote fishing camps, the Skeleton Coast is also great for safaris of the surfing or wildlife kind.

骷髅海岸散布着沉船、沙丘和偏远的钓鱼营地,也很适合冲浪或野生动物的狩猎之旅。

Garden Route, South Africa 南非花园大道

网站提供照片 Tsitsikamma National Park -- part of South Africa's Garden Route National Park.

Shutterstock 网站提供照片

齐齐卡马国家公园--南非花园大道国家公园的一部分。

This stretch of coast takes its name from the unique fynbos vegetation that blankets many of its hills, vales and headlands.

这片海岸的名字来自独特的凡波斯fynbos植被(非洲最南端独有的硬叶树木和灌木),它覆盖了许多山丘、山谷和海角。

While there are certainly swank beach resorts here, the main allure is unencumbered nature and outdoor adventure, marine mammal encounters, wilderness hikes like the Otter Trail, and the world's highest commercial bungee jump, measuring 216 meters.

虽然这里确实有很多优雅的海滩度假胜地,但最吸引人的是自然风光和户外探险,和海洋哺乳动物的相遇,像水獭步道这样的野外徒步,以及世界上最高的商业蹦极,高216米。

Great Ocean Road, Australia 澳大利亚大洋路

The 12 Apostles -- a collection of limestone stacks located along the Great Ocean Road.

Shutterstock 网站提供照片

12门徒--是位于大洋路沿线的一组石灰石堆栈。

Australia's most eclectic coast stretches 243 kilometers between Torquay and Warrnambool along the southern shore of the state of Victoria.

澳大利亚最兼收并蓄的海岸位于维多利亚州南岸,从托基到瓦南布尔绵延243公里。

Although it's most renowned for spectacular sea stacks the Twelve Apostles, this stretch of waterfront also boasts the lauded Bells Beach of surfing fame, wildlife rich Cape Otway, and historic sites like Flagstaff Hill.

虽然它最著名的是壮观的海上堆叠的十二门徒,这一段海滨还拥有著名的冲浪胜地贝尔海滩,野生动物丰富的奥特威角,以及像旗杆山这样的历史遗迹。

Nā Pali Coast, Hawaii 夏威夷纳帕里海岸

Na Pali Coast is literally translated as "the cliffs."

Shutterstock 提供照片

纳帕里海岸字面意思是“悬崖”。

It's no wonder Steven Spielberg chose Kauai's north shore to shoot the original "Jurassic Park" movie, Nā Pali just feels primeval.

难怪斯皮尔伯格选择考艾岛的北岸拍摄电影“侏罗纪公园”第一部,Nā巴利语只是原始的感觉。

With cliffs rising up thousands of feet that plunge straight into the ocean, secluded jungle waterfalls and beaches that can only be reached by hiking for half a day, it's a stunning sight to behold.

悬崖峭壁高达数千英尺,直插大海,与世隔绝的丛林瀑布和只有徒步半天才能到达的海滩,这是一个令人惊叹的景象。

Kayak camping the coast is the best way to experience its edgy, end of the Earth vibe.

在海岸露营的独木舟是体验其急转弯的最佳方式。

Andaman Coast, Thailand, Malaysia and Myanmar 泰国马来西亚和缅甸 安达曼海岸

Thailand's Koh Phi Phi Leh -- one of many stunning islands on the Andaman Coast.

Shutterstock 网站提供照片

泰国的皮皮岛(Koh Phi Phi Leh)-安达曼海岸(Andaman Coast)众多迷人的岛屿之一。

While the Andaman Coast is most closely associated with Thailand's southwest shore, it actually elongates all the way from southern Myanmar to northern Malaysia.

虽然安达曼海岸与泰国的西南海岸联系最为紧密,但它实际上从缅甸南部一直延伸到马来西亚北部。

Along the way are popular beach resorts like Phuket, Krabi and Langkawi, legendary dive spots like the Similan Islands, as well as under the radar treasures such as Myanmar's Mergui Archipelago.

沿途有著名的海滩度假胜地,如普吉岛、甲米岛和兰卡威,传奇的潜水胜地,如斯米兰群岛,以及雷达下的宝藏,如缅甸的丹老群岛

Beagle Channel, Chile and Argentina 比格尔海峡,智利和阿根廷

The Beagle Channel separates Argentina's Tierra del Fuego archipelago from remote Chilean islands.

Shutterstock 网站提供照片

比格尔海峡将阿根廷的火地岛群岛与遥远的智利诸岛隔开。

Named after the Royal Navy ship that took Charles Darwin on his global voyage of discovery, the channel runs around 240 kilometers along the south side of Tierra del Fuego island.

这条海峡以皇家海军的一艘船命名,这艘船曾载着查尔斯·达尔文进行他的环球探索之旅。它位于火地岛南部,全长240公里。

Flanked by snow-capped peaks, thick sub-polar forest, and tidewater glaciers tumbling down from the Cordillera Darwin ice field, the shore largely uninhabited shore offers a glimpse of planet Earth the way it must have been before mankind.

它的两侧是积雪覆盖的山峰,浓密的亚极地森林,以及从科迪勒拉达尔文冰原上翻滚而下的潮汐冰川。这片基本上无人居住的海岸让我们得以一窥地球在人类出现之前的样子。

Riviera Maya, Mexico 墨西哥里维埃拉玛雅

The Tulum ruins in the Riviera Maya are one of most visited archaeological sites in Mexico.

Shutterstock 网站提供照片

里维埃拉玛雅人的图卢姆遗址是墨西哥访问量最大的考古遗址之一。

It might be mayhem during spring break, but Mexico's Yucatan coast has far more to offer than rowdy beach bars.

春假期间可能会有些混乱,但是墨西哥的尤卡坦半岛海岸比吵闹的海滩酒吧能提供更多的东西

Here travelers can visit seaside Mayan ruins, snorkel half-sunken cenotes (natural limestone caverns) swim with whale sharks, or scuba dive in the world's second longest barrier reef.

在这里,游客可以参观海滨的玛雅遗址,浮潜半沉没的灰岩坑(天然石灰岩洞穴)与鲸鲨一起游泳,或在世界第二长的大堡礁潜水。

Dalmatian Coast, Croatia 克罗地亚达尔马提亚海岸

The Dalmatian Coast boasts one of the most dramatic shorelines in Europe.

Shutterstock 网站提供照片

达尔马提亚海岸拥有欧洲最引人注目的海岸线之一。

Croatia's drop dead gorgeous Adriatic shore became an overnight sensation following the dissolution of Yugoslavia -- and for good reason.

克罗地亚美丽的亚得里亚海海岸在南斯拉夫解体后一夜之间引起了轰动——这是有原因的

The coast is spangled with medieval walled towns like Dubrovnik and well-preserved Roman ruins such as Diocletian's Palace in Split.

沿岸布满了像杜布罗夫尼克这样的中世纪城墙城镇和保存完好的罗马遗迹,如斯普利特的戴克里先宫殿。

Off shore lie 78 islands that can be explored by sail boat, motor yacht or ferry, while cool natural attractions like the waterfalls of Plitvice Lakes National Park are located inland.

离岸有78个岛屿,可以通过帆船、机动游艇或渡船探索,而普利特维采(Plitvice)湖国家公园的瀑布酷酷的自然景点位于内陆。

Raja Ampat, Indonesia 印尼拉贾安帕群岛(Raja Ampat)

Raja Ampat's coral reefs are considered among the best in the world.

Goh Chai Hin/AFP/Getty Images 吴猜轩/法新社/盖蒂图片社

拉贾·安帕(Raja Ampat)的珊瑚礁被认为是世界上最好的珊瑚礁之一。

Positioned at the far eastern end of Indonesia, Raja Ampat, or the "Four Kings," and its pristine coral gardens are one of the holy grails of global scuba diving, but there's plenty to see on shore as well.

拉贾·安帕(Raja Ampat)位于印度尼西亚的最东端,被称为“四王”,它的原始珊瑚花园是全球潜水的圣杯之一,但在岸上也有很多值得一看的地方。

Comprising more than 1,500 small islands, the region also flaunts secluded white sand strands, limestone caverns and jungles that harbor flamboyant birds of paradise.

该地区由1500多个小岛组成,还有隐蔽的白色沙滩、石灰岩洞穴和栖息着艳丽的极乐鸟的丛林。

Kenai Fjords National Park, Alaska 阿拉斯加基奈峡湾国家公园

Kenai Fjords was designated a national park in 1980.

Shutterstock 网站提供照片

基奈(Kenai)峡湾在1980年被指定为国家公园。

The astonishing Kenai Fjords on the Gulf of Alaska are renowned for icebergs and tidewater glaciers.

阿拉斯加湾的基奈峡湾以冰山和潮汐冰川而闻名。

Whether on a day cruise from Seward or a week-long kayak expedition, visitors are sure to have close encounters of the wildlife kind with whales, bear, moose and all the other creatures that call this region home.

无论是从苏厄德(Seward)乘船游览一天,还是划独木舟进行为期一周的探险,游客们一定会与鲸鱼、熊、驼鹿和其他所有以这里为家的动物亲密接触。

Costa Verde, Brazil 巴西科斯塔佛得角

Costa Verde is also known as the "Green Coast."

Shutterstock 网站提供照片

科斯塔佛得角也被称为“绿色海岸”。

Beyond Ipanema and the lofty Cristo Redentor statue lies an even more spectacular stretch of Brazilian shore, the "Green Coast" between Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo.

在伊帕内玛(Ipanema)和高耸的基督山红塔雕像(Cristo Redentor)的后面,是一段更壮观的巴西海岸,“绿色海岸”位于巴西的里约热内卢和圣保罗之间。

Named for its lush tropical Atlantic forest, the coast flits back and forth between party beaches and secluded strands, resort towns and uninhabited islands.

海岸以其繁茂的热带大西洋森林命名,在派对海滩和僻静的海滩、度假小镇和无人居住的岛屿之间来回穿梭。

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