非洲30个最令人惊叹的旅游景点

 admin   2019-09-22 15:24   2,205 人阅读  0 条评论
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CNN Travel Staff Updated 11th May 2018
CNN 旅游采编

 (CNN) — With its expansive landscapes and formidable animal life, the world's second-biggest continent is arguably the best for photographers.

(CNN)——这个世界第二大大陆有着广阔的地形和令人敬畏的动物生活,可以说是最适合摄影师的地方。

Throw in that sense of being in a place that hasn't changed for centuries, and sometimes millennia, and you get some of the most inspiring, and inspired, destinations on the planet.

Here are 30 of the most amazing places to see when you travel to Africa:

置身于一个几百年,甚至几千年都没有改变的地方,你会得到这个星球上一些最鼓舞人心、最鼓舞人心的目的地。

以下是你去非洲旅行时最值得一看的30个地方:

1.The great migration, Tanzania 坦桑尼亚动物大迁移

The Great Migration, Tanzania: It's follow-the-leader time as wildebeests make a dangerous but necessary river crossing.
坦桑尼亚动物大迁移:角马群必须冒着生命危险渡河,追随领头角马的迁徙。
照片由Shutterstock摄影网站提。

A photo won't capture the thunder of hooves on dirt as more than a million wildebeest and several hundred thousand zebra make their annual migration, but still, this is one for the top of the pile.

虽然一张照片无法捕捉到100多万头角马和几十万头斑马每年迁徙时踩在泥土上发出的轰鸣声,但这张照片仍然是最引人注目的。

The migration is actually a year-round event as the animals move from Tanzania's Ngorongoro Reserve in January, up through the Serengeti around June and hit Kenya's Masai Mara around September, before journeying south again.

迁徙实际上是一项全年的活动,因为这些动物1月份从坦桑尼亚的恩戈隆戈罗保护区(Ngorongoro Reserve)迁徙,6月左右穿过塞伦盖蒂山脉(Serengeti), 9月左右抵达肯尼亚的马赛马拉(Masai Mara),然后再次向南迁徙。

2. Table Mountain, South Africa 南非开普敦桌山

Table Mountain, South Africa: They've got the table and the wine; you can provide the company. Find this gorgeous natural setting in sophisticated Cape Town.
南非桌山:这里有桌有酒;只待你来作陪。这个美妙的自然环境位于精致的开普敦。 由Shutterstock摄影网站提供

Table Mountain makes Cape Town, one of the world's best beach cities, also one of the world's most photogenic.

桌山使开普敦成为世界上最好的海滨城市之一,也是世界上最上镜的城市之一。

Cable car rides are available to the top of the mesa, giving great views, fantastic sunrises/sunsets and a great photo. Challenge: Try to limit yourself to 50 pics.

乘坐缆车可以到达台地的顶部,可以欣赏到美丽的景色,欣赏到美丽的日出日落,还可以欣赏到美丽的照片。挑战:尽量把自己的照片限制在50张以内。

3. Djmaa el Fna, Morocco 摩洛哥马拉喀什的杰马夫纳广场

Djmaa el Fna, Morocco: Could this be the world's most mesmerizing market? You're sure to be charmed beyond the snake charmers.
摩洛哥马拉喀什的杰马夫纳(Djmaa el Fna又称不眠广场),这可能是世界上最迷人的市场吗?你一定会被耍蛇人的魅力所折服。
Fadel Senna/AFP/Getty Images 由Fadel Senna /法新社/盖蒂图片社提供照片

The world's most exciting town square, Djemaa el Fna reminds you you're in Africa. In the heart of the old city of Marrakech, snake-charmers, henna-painters, storytellers, date-sellers and orange juice vendors set up their stalls in the sleepy heat of the afternoon.

世界上最令人兴奋的城市广场,摩洛哥马拉喀什的杰马夫纳(又称不眠广场)Djemaa el Fna提醒你,你在非洲。在马拉喀什老城的中心地带,耍蛇人、画指甲花的人、讲故事的人、卖枣的人和卖橙汁的人在闷热的午后摆好了摊位。

As night falls, the vendors are joined by tribal drummers, ladyboy dancers and mobile restaurateurs selling delicious grilled meats, bread and salad as the smoke rises above their stalls 'til past midnight.

随着夜幕降临,小贩们加入了部落鼓手、舞女和流动餐馆老板的行列,他们出售美味的烤肉、面包和沙拉,烟雾从他们的摊位上升起,直到午夜后游客散去才打烊。

4. Sossusvlei Dunes, Namibia 纳米比亚索苏斯维利沙丘

Sossusvlei Dunes, Namibia: Who knew sand could be stunning? Found in Namib-Naukluft National Park, this stark stretch is known for its large, red sand dunes and is one of Namibia's most popular attractions.
纳米比亚索苏斯维利沙丘:谁知道沙子会如此惊人?这片荒凉的地带位于纳米布-诺克卢福Namib-Naukluft国家公园,以其巨大的红色沙丘而闻名,是纳米比亚最受欢迎的景点之一。照片由Shutterstock摄影网站提供

Sossusvlei means "the gathering place of water" but you'll need to bring your own if you don't want to dehydrate at this, Namibia's most outstanding attraction.

索苏斯维利(Sossusvlei)的意思是“水的聚集地”,但如果你不想在纳米比亚最著名的景点——Sossusvlei脱水的话,你需要带上你自己的。

The dunes have developed over millions of years, the result of material flowing from the Orange River into the Atlantic, carried north and returned again to land by the surf.

沙丘的形成历经了数百万年,从奥兰治河流入大西洋的物质,被带向北面,后又重被海浪带回陆地的结果。

Climbing the dunes yields breathtaking views, including the Deadvlei, a ghostly expanse of dried, white clay punctuated by skeletons of ancient camelthorn trees.

爬上沙丘可以看到令人惊叹的景色,包括死亡谷,一片幽灵般的广阔干燥的白色粘土,中间点缀着古老的骆驼刺树的骨架。

5. Mountain gorillas, Rwanda 卢旺达山地大猩猩

Mountain gorillas, Rwanda: It's one of the most rewarding encounters in the natural world -- a close-up meeting with Rwanda's mountain gorillas.Courtesy Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund Intl.
卢旺达山地大猩猩:这是自然界中最有收获的邂逅之一——与卢旺达山地大猩猩的近距离接触。照片由国际大猩猩基金会提供。

A close encounter with the mountain gorillas of the Rwandan rainforest will stay with you for a lifetime. Various operators run tours tracking silverbacks and their troupes in the dense forest.

与卢旺达热带雨林的山地大猩猩亲密接触将伴随你一生。浓密的森林里,不同的经营者都都在追踪银背大猩猩及它们的种群。

At an elevation of more than 6,000 feet, the Nyungwe National Park is an isolated region, covering more than 386 square miles across southwest Rwanda. Tourists can meet a vast range of primates and also traverse East Africa's highest canopy.

Nyungwe国家公园海拔6000多英尺,是一个孤立的地区,横跨卢旺达西南部,占地386平方英里。游客可以见到各种各样的灵长类动物,还可以穿越东非最高的树冠。

6. Victoria Falls, Zambia and Zimbabwe 维多利亚瀑布(赞比亚和津巴布韦的交界处)

Victoria Falls, Zambia and Zimbabwe: In the 1800s, members of the Kololo tribe living in the area appropriately called it Mosi-oa-Tunya, "The Smoke that Thunders."
维多利亚瀑布,位于赞比亚和津巴布韦的交界处:19世纪居住于此的科洛洛部落的成员恰当地称之为“打雷的烟雾”。照片由Shutterstock摄影网站提供

Since then thousands have enjoyed the spray from the 108-meter high cascade, which was once recorded flowing at 12,800 cubic meters per second -- double that of Niagara's highest flow.

从那时起,成千上万的人欣赏着从108米高的瀑布中喷出的水花,这条瀑布曾被记录为每秒12800立方米的流量,是尼亚加拉瀑布最高流量的两倍。

7. Spitzkoppe, Namibia 纳米比亚斯皮兹考比山

Spitzkoppe, Namibia: Don't get stuck between a rock and a hard place here, which is far too easy to do. But what an unusual sight it is. Spitzkoppe is a German word for "pointed dome."
纳米比亚斯皮兹考比山:不要被困在这里的岩石间,这太容易了。但这是多么不寻常的景象啊。Spitzkoppe在德语中是“尖圆顶”的意思,它在纳米比亚被称为“国山”照片由Shutterstock摄影网站提供

Namibia's deserts are so fascinating that another attraction deserves mention in this list.

The Spitzkoppe is a grouping of granite peaks in Namibia's Namib Desert, with the highest peak hitting nearly 1,800 meters (about 5,900 feet). This place is heaven for climbers, geologists, stargazers and watchers of weaver birds.

纳米比亚的沙漠是如此迷人,值得在这个名单中提到的另一个景点。

斯皮兹考比山是纳米比亚纳米布沙漠中一组花岗岩山峰,最高峰达到近1800米(约5900英尺)。这里是登山者、地质学家、天文爱好者和织物鸟观赏者的天堂。

8. Sahara Dunes, Morocco 摩洛哥撒哈拉沙丘

Sahara Dunes, Morocco: You'll definitely have to empty out your shoes after a walk through the Sahara Dunes. This is one of the easier entry points into the wonders of the vast Sahara Desert.
摩洛哥撒哈拉沙丘:漫步穿过撒哈拉沙丘,你一定要把鞋子里的东西都掏空。这是走进浩瀚的撒哈拉沙漠奇观的较容易的入口之一。  照片由Shutterstock摄影网站提供

The most user-friendly part of the Sahara is accessible from the northern edge of Morocco. You can trek with Berbers from the town of Zagoura, or camp out in Tazzarine, where runners from all over the world complete the weeklong Marathon des Sables every spring.

The foot of the Merzouga Dunes is the ultimate location for gazing at stars, totally free of light pollution.

撒哈拉沙漠最适宜居住的地区可以从摩洛哥北部边缘进入。你可以和柏柏尔人从Zagoura镇出发徒步旅行,也可以在Tazzarine露营。每年春天,来自世界各地的选手都会在这里完成为期一周的撒哈拉沙漠马拉松。

默佐加沙丘的脚下是观赏星星的最佳地点,完全没有光污染。

9. Pyramids of Giza, Egypt 埃及吉萨金字塔

Pyramids of Giza, Egypt: And you thought building your garden wall was hard work! These are so old that they were already ancient wonders and a tourist attraction to the Romans 2,000 years ago.
埃及吉萨金字塔:你认为建造花园围墙是一项艰苦的工作!这些都是如此古老,以至于它们在2000年前就已经是古代的奇迹和罗马人光顾的旅游景点。照片由Fethi Belaid/AFP/Getty Images提供

The most famous of the structures at Giza, near Cairo, the Pyramid of King Cheops was built around 2650 BC from 2.5 million blocks of limestone. Its sides are oriented exactly to the north, south, east and west.

法老胡夫金字塔是开罗附近吉萨最著名的建筑之一,大约建于公元前2650年,由250万块石灰岩建成。它的侧边完全朝向北、南、东和西。

The Chephren pyramid, built by Cheops' son, is similar in size and incorporates the entrances to a burial chamber that still contains the large granite sarcophagus of King Chephren.

The pyramid of Mycerinus is smaller than both and all three are surrounded by other smaller pyramids and dozens of tombs.

卡夫拉金字塔 (Chephren),由法老胡夫 Cheops)的儿子建造的金字塔,在大小上与 胡夫金字塔相似,并包含了一个墓室的入口,墓室中仍然保存着法老卡夫拉的大型花岗岩石棺。

法老孟卡拉 (Mycerinus)金字塔比这两个都要小,三个都被其他较小的金字塔和几十座坟墓所包围。

10. Nyika Plateau National Park, Malawi 马拉维尼卡高原国家公园

Nyika Plateau National Park, Malawi: Malawi calling. Your dream escape awaits in this beautiful part of Africa's Great Rift Valley.
马拉维尼卡高原国家公园在召唤。非洲大裂谷这片美丽的土地是你的梦想之旅所托之处。照片由Ludger Heide/Flickr提供照片

Nyika, the largest national park in Malawi, is one of the most unusual in Africa, with a plateau cut by numerous rivers that reach Lake Malawi by way of waterfalls off the eastern edge of the mountains.

尼卡是马拉维最大的国家公园,也是非洲最不寻常的国家公园之一,这里的高原被众多河流切断,这些河流通过山脉东部边缘的瀑布汇入马拉维湖。

The eastern border of the plateau forms the wall of the Great Rift Valley. The great domes of hills have gentle slopes, making Nyika perfect for both trekking and mountain biking as well as Jeep exploration.

Antelope and zebra abound, and the park has one of the highest densities of leopard in Central Africa.

高原的东部边界形成了大裂谷的城墙。巨大的圆顶山有平缓的斜坡,这使得尼卡非常适合徒步旅行、山地自行车以及吉普车探险。

羚羊和斑马随处可见,该公园是中非豹子密度最高的公园之一。

11. Makgadikgadi Pans, Botswana 博茨瓦纳的马卡迪卡迪干盐湖

Makgadikgadi Pans, Botswana: Saltier than a salt shaker and seemingly forever desolate and dry. That's until transformational rains come, bringing an onslaught of greenery and wildlife.
博茨瓦纳的马卡迪卡迪干盐湖 Makgadikgadi pan:比盐瓶还咸,这里似乎永远荒凉和干燥。改天换地的降雨来临,会带来大量的绿色植物和野生动物。照片由Shutterstock摄影网站提供。

It's said you can hear your own blood flow in this vast area of dried-up salt pans in the Kalahari Desert, a forbidding landscape formed by a huge lake that dried up millennia ago.

据说,在喀拉哈里沙漠这片干涸的盐碱地上,你可以听到自己的血液流动。这片沙漠是由一个数千年前干涸的大湖形成的,令人生畏。

12. Draa Valley, Morocco 摩洛哥德拉谷

Draa Valley, Morocco: Date palms and kasbahs make a good team in the Draa Valley, a fertile band that cuts through desert plateau. Hikers and trekkers are rewarded with some of Morocco's most beautiful scenery.
摩洛哥德拉谷:椰枣树和柏树在德拉谷携手组建了一个很好的团队,德拉谷是一片穿过沙漠高原的肥沃地带。背包客者和徒步旅行者可以欣赏到摩洛哥最美的风景。照片由Shutterstock

Between the Atlas Mountains and the dunes of the Sahara lies one of Morocco's most splendid and rewarding landscapes: the Draa, a mass of date plantations punctuated by kasbahs made of rammed red earth rising against the sky.

阿特拉斯山脉和撒哈拉沙漠的沙丘之间,坐落着摩洛哥最壮丽、最有价值的景观之一:德拉(Draa)谷,这是一片枣树种植园,其间点缀着由夯实的红土构成的kasbahs,它们高耸入云。

Zagora, at the southern end, makes a good base with decent hotels and restaurants. Allow five hours to reach the Draa from Marrakech via a spectacular route across the Atlas Mountains -- it's best not to self-drive.

位于南端的扎古拉是一个很好的基地,拥有不错的酒店和餐馆。从马拉喀什出发,经过壮观的阿特拉斯山脉,花五个小时到达德拉——最好不要自己开车。

13. Sphinx, Egypt 埃及狮身人面像

Sphinx, Egypt: With the body of a lion and human head, this ancient colossus is still enveloped in mystery.埃及狮身人面像:狮身人面像有狮子的身体和人头,这个古老的巨人仍然笼罩在神秘之中。照片由Cris Bouroncle法新社/盖蒂图片/提供

This colossal temple is on the way down to Egypt's Valley Temple of King Chefren. The body of a lion with a human head is 70 meters long and 20 meters high -- as tall as a six-story apartment block.

这座巨大的神庙位于通往埃及谷地法老卡夫拉神庙的路上。一头狮身人面像长70米,高20米,和一栋六层公寓楼一样高。

Although the Sphinx has been thought of as female, many scholars believe the face is that of King Chefren.

尽管狮身人面像一直被认为是女性,但许多学者认为这张脸法老卡夫拉。

14. Mount Mulanje, Malawi 马拉维穆兰杰山

Mount Mulanje, Malawi: The true scenic route. Birdwatching and hiking are popular around Mulanje. Courtesy David Davies/Flickr
马拉维穆兰杰山:真正的风景路线。赏鸟和徒步旅行在姆兰杰很受欢迎。
照片由Flickr相册网站大卫·戴维斯提供

At around 3,000 meters (about 9,850 feet), the Mulanje Massif dwarfs the lush land that surrounds it. It's split in two by the Fort Lister Gap, a broad pass eroded by the Phalombe and Sombani rivers.

在大约3000米(约9850英尺)的地方,穆兰杰山丘使环绕它的郁郁葱葱的土地相形见绌。它被利斯特堡裂口一分为二,一个宽阔的隘口被费洛姆河和桑巴尼河侵蚀。

The mountain is distinguished by giant basins of rock and narrow gullies cut by fast-flowing streams. A strenuous trek leads to magnificent viewpoints.

En route, expect to encounter monkeys, hares, voles and a carpet of enchanting wildflowers after the rain. Large numbers of butterflies are another feature.

这座山以巨大的岩石盆地和湍急的水流切割出的狭窄峡谷而闻名。艰苦的跋涉通向壮丽的景色。途中,预计会遇到猴子,野兔,田鼠以及雨后一片迷人的野花。大量的蝴蝶是另一个特征。

15. Riding safari, Kenya 肯尼亚狩猎之旅

Riding safari, Kenya: Want to get up close and personal with Africa's mesmerizing zebras? Follow them along on horseback on a riding safari in Kenya. 肯尼亚狩猎之旅:想和非洲迷人的斑马亲密接触吗?跟随他们在肯尼亚骑马旅行。照片由Campi Ya Kanzi提供。

The best way to experience Kenya's zebras? From the back of a horse. Travelers can gallop alongside the stripey beasts in the Masai Mara, covering up to 100 kilometers (62 miles) in a week.

什么是体验肯尼亚斑马的最佳方法呢?骑马, 在马背上体验。马背上。在马赛马拉动物保护区,骑着马与斑马一起奔跑,一周可达100公里(62英里)。

16. Wonders of the Nile, Egypt 埃及尼罗河奇观

Nile, Egypt: The Nile is the lifeblood of Egypt. Take a cruise down the world's longest river and drift through thousands of years of history.
埃及尼罗河:尼罗河是埃及的生命线。乘船沿着世界上最长的河流,进行一场穿越数千年的历史的漂流。   照片由Shutterstock摄影网站提供

A cruise down the Egyptian Nile, ideally on a romantic felucca rather than a crowded tourist boat, reveals relics of one of the world's most ancient civilizations.

The high point is the Valley of the Kings, with its monumental statues, and the magnificent Kom Ombo Temple, north of Aswan on the east bank.

沿着埃及尼罗河航行,最理想的选择是乘坐浪漫的菲鲁卡号(三桅小帆船),而不是拥挤的旅游船,你会发现世界上最古老文明之一的遗迹。

最高处是帝王谷,有不朽的雕像,还有宏伟的科姆昂波神庙,位于阿斯旺北部的东岸。

17. Flamingos, Kenya 肯尼亚,火烈鸟

Flamingos, Kenya: Pretty in pink. Lake Nakuru National Park, about 170 kilometers (about 105 miles) northwest of Nairobi, is famous for its flamingos. But you may also spot rhino, monkeys and many other animals.
肯尼亚,火烈鸟:粉色很漂亮。纳库鲁湖国家公园位于内罗毕西北约170公里(约105英里)处,因其火烈鸟而闻名。但你还可以看到犀牛、猴子和许多其他动物。照片由Shutterstock摄影网站提供

Lake Nakuru National Park is home to 1 million resident flamingos, providing one of Kenya's most unforgettable sights. This lake has become famous for the greatest bird spectacle in the world, with swathes of vibrant pink filling the alkaline lake and the huge sky.

纳库鲁湖国家公园是100万只火烈鸟的家园,是肯尼亚最令人难忘的景观之一。这个湖以世界上最壮观的鸟类景观而闻名,碱性的湖面和广阔的天空点缀着一片片鲜艳的粉红色。

18. Lower Zambezi, Zambia 赞比亚赞比西河下游

Lower Zambezi, Zambia: The Lower Zambezi is a watery lifeline to elephants and a host of other animals. You may spot a crocodile during your canoe safari.
赞比亚赞比西河下游:赞比西河下游是大象和许多其他动物的水生命线。你可以在独木舟旅行中看到鳄鱼。照片由Shutterstock摄影网站提供。

Canoeing safaris in the Lower Zambezi offer sightings of hippos, elephants and other animals drinking from the rivers and tributaries around camp.

People who love to fish can also be accommodated at various of the camps and lodges on the banks of the river.

赞比西河下游的皮划艇狩猎之旅中,人们可以看到河马、大象和其他动物在营地周围的河流和支流中饮水。

喜欢钓鱼的人也可以住在河边的各种营地和小屋。

19. Bazaruto Archipelago, Mozambique 莫桑比克巴扎鲁托群岛

Bazaruto Archipelago, Mozambique: You might spot dolphins, dugongs and whales in the Indian Ocean.莫桑比克巴扎鲁托群岛:也许你会在印度洋上认出海豚、儒艮(海生哺乳动物)和鲸鱼。照片由Shutterstock提供

The 10-minute helicopter ride across the Bazaruto Archipelago to the Azura Retreats lodge on Benguerra Island is worth it in its own right. The destination is the icing on the cake.

This award-winning boutique hotel set on a remote desert island is set within a Marine National Park, giving the chance to see whales, dolphins and dugong.

乘坐10分钟的直升机穿过巴扎鲁托群岛,到达本格拉岛上的Azura Retreats小屋,本身就是值得的。目的地是锦上添花。

位于一个偏远的荒岛上的这家精品酒店屡获殊荣,它坐落在一个海洋国家公园内,那里有机会看到鲸鱼、海豚和儒艮。

20. Nxia Pan National Park, Botswana 博茨瓦纳恩克塞-潘国家公园

Nxia Pan National Park, Botswana: One of the highlights of this park in northeast Botswana is the large number of giraffe herds you're likely to come across.
博茨瓦纳恩克塞-潘国家公园:这个位于博茨瓦纳东北部的公园的一大亮点就是你可能会偶遇大量的长颈鹿群。照片由卡梅隆·斯宾塞/盖蒂图片社提供。

The Baines baobabs that sit close to the entrance of Botswana's Nxai Pan National Park take their name from a series of watercolors by Victorian explorer and artist Thomas Baines. Their fruit apparently tastes a little like sherbet.

位于博茨瓦纳恩克塞-潘国家公园 国家公园入口处的Baines猴面包树,得名于维多利亚时代探险家和艺术家Thomas Baines的一系列水彩画。他们的水果尝起来有点像冰镇果汁。

The Nxai Pan park is great for viewing the vast, salt-rich pans that characterize the Kalahari and is also known for lion, leopard and cheetah and unusually large herds of giraffe.

恩克塞-潘国家公园非常适合观赏喀拉哈里沙漠特有的巨大、富含盐分的干盐湖,也因狮子、豹子和猎豹以及异常庞大的长颈鹿群而闻名。

21. Fish River Canyon, Namibia 纳米比亚鱼河峡谷

Fish River Canyon, Namibia: It's one of the world's largest canyons, making it another must-see spot in Namibia. (Shutterstock)

纳米比亚 鱼河峡谷:它是世界上最大的峡谷之一,是游客到达纳米比亚后另一个必看的景点。

Namibia is the travel gift that keeps on giving. Some 500 meters (1,640 feet) deep and more than 160 kilometers (100 miles) long, this great rift is second only to the United States' Grand Canyon in size, and during the dry season is characterized by beautiful turquoise pools of seasonally flowing water stretching into the distance.

纳米比亚鱼河峡谷全年旅游资源丰富。峡谷纵深约500米(1,640英尺),长160多公里(100英里),是仅次于美国大峡谷的第二大裂谷。而在旱季,整个裂谷会形成美丽碧绿的湖泊,湖水季节性地流向远方。

22. Rhinos at Solio Reserve, Kenya

Rhinos at Solio Reserve, Kenya: Come to Solio Reserve to see these elusive and highly endangered creatures of the African plains.

肯尼亚索利奥保护区的犀牛:来索利奥保护区看看这些非洲平原上神出鬼没的濒临灭绝的动物吧。照片由Shutterstock摄影网站提供

Located in the valley between the dramatic slopes of Mount Kenya and the rolling peaks of the Aberdare Mountains, Solio Reserve is home to around 250 black and white rhino and considered the best place to see these increasingly rare species.

索里奥保护区位于肯尼亚山脉陡峭的斜坡和阿伯代尔山脉起伏的山峰之间的山谷中,是大约250头黑白犀牛的家园,被认为是观赏这些越来越稀有物种的最佳地点。

23. Nyiragongo Volcano, Virunga National Park, Democratic Republic of Congo 刚果民主共和国维龙加国家公园的尼拉贡戈火山

A whopping 2 kilometers (1.2 miles) wide and usually containing a lava lake, Nyiragongo Volcano is one of Africa's most active volcanoes, with an eruption in 2002 displacing half a million people.

尼拉贡戈火山宽2公里(1.2英里),通常含有熔岩湖,是非洲最活跃的火山之一,2002年的一次喷发使50万人流离失所。

24. Kilimanjaro, Tanzania 坦桑尼亚乞力马扎罗

Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania: Breathtaking views and altitudes come with one of the most coveted hikes in the world.
坦桑尼亚乞力马扎罗山:世界上最令人垂涎的徒步旅行之一,伴随着令人叹为观止的景色和海拔高度。    照片由Shutterstock摄影网站提供。

Mount Kilimanjaro, at 5,895 meters (19,341 feet), is Africa's highest peak -- and an item on thousands of bucket lists. It is a "Sky island," creating a varied and dramatic natural habitat.

Rising through lush rainforests and alpine meadows, climbers finally cross a barren lunar landscape to reach the twin summit, often above the clouds.

乞力马扎罗山海拔5895米(19341英尺),是非洲最高的山峰,也是成千上万的遗愿清单上的一项。它是一个“天空之岛”,创造了一个多样化和戏剧性的自然栖息地。

攀登者穿过茂密的热带雨林和高山草甸,最终穿过一片贫瘠的月球景观,抵达双峰通常是云雾缭绕的双峰

25. Lake Malawi, Malawi 马拉维湖

Lake Malawi, Malawi: This clear lake is home to many species of colorful fish found nowhere else on Earth, and is a great way to end a trip to Africa in a beautiful, relaxed setting.
马拉维湖,马拉维:这个清澈的湖是地球上许多其他地方没有的五颜六色的鱼类的家园,在一个美丽、放松的环境中结束非洲之旅是一个很好的方式。照片由Shutterstock摄影网站提供。

Lake Malawi, one of the largest lakes in the world, was dubbed "Lake of Stars" by Dr. David Livingstone, who trekked here a century and a half ago.

马拉维湖,世界上最大的湖泊之一,被大卫·利文斯通博士称为“星湖”,他在一个半世纪前长途跋涉来到这里。

The lake has more tropical fish than any lake in the world -- 1,300 species -- and the freshwater diving is great.

The biodiversity has been recognized by UNESCO, which has made Lake Malawi National Park, the world's first freshwater park, a World Heritage Site.

这个湖有世界上最多的热带鱼——1300种——淡水潜水很棒。

生物多样性得到联合国教科文组织的认可,马拉维湖国家公园成为世界上第一个淡水公园,成为世界文化遗产。

26. African Renaissance Monument, Senegal 塞内加尔非洲文艺复兴纪念碑

Lake Malawi, Malawi: This clear lake is home to many species of colorful fish found nowhere else on Earth, and is a great way to end a trip to Africa in a beautiful, relaxed setting.
马拉维湖, 这个清澈的湖是地球上许多其他地方没有的五颜六色的鱼类的家园,在一个美丽、放松的环境中结束非洲之旅是一个很好的方式。照片由Shutterstock摄影网站提供。

At 49 meters (160ft) tall, the African Renaissance Monument in Senegal -- which is higher than the Statue of Liberty in New York -- is the tallest statue in Africa.

塞内加尔的非洲文艺复兴纪念碑高49米(160英尺),比纽约的自由女神像还高,是非洲最高的雕像

Getting to the top is an exhilarating feat that's crowned by the breathtaking view of Dakar from the top of the monument.

登上塔顶是一项令人振奋的壮举,从塔顶可以看到达喀尔的壮丽景色。

27. Lekki Conservation Centre, Nigeria 尼日利亚勒基保护中心

Lekki Conservation Centre, Lagos: A walk high above the ground on Africa's longest canopy walkway is also a chance to explore nature. The Lekki Conservation Centre offers a serene escape from the hustle and bustle of Lagos, Nigeria's commercial capital.

拉各斯Lekki保护中心:漫步于非洲最长的林冠步道的高处,也是一个探索自然的机会。Lekki保护中心提供了一个宁静的逃离尼日利亚商业首都拉各斯喧嚣的地方。
照片由STEFAN HEUNIS /法新社/盖蒂图片社提供。

28. Nzulezo, Ghana 加纳恩祖乐祖水上村庄

Nzulezo, Ghana: The village is built entirely on stilts on Lake Tandane in western Ghana. Nzulezo offers a glimpse into what it's like to live entirely on water.

加纳恩祖乐祖水上村庄: 也叫“高脚村”,一栋栋木质的房屋坐落于塔达恩湖(Lake Tadane)上 。恩祖乐祖水上村庄让我们得以一窥完全依水而居村民的生活的状态。

29. Cape Verde Archipelago 佛得角群岛

Cape Verde Archiepelago: The Cape Verde archipelago is a cultural blend of African, Iberian, and Brazilian influences. From water sports, hikes through volcanic landscapes and leisure times at the scenic beaches, Cape Verde offers it all.

佛得角群岛:佛得角群岛文化 是非洲、伊比利亚和巴西是三种文化的混合。从水上运动和通过火山景观徒步旅行到在风景秀丽的海滩休闲时间,佛得角提供了这一切照片Riu Touareg提供。

Located in the North Atlantic and consisting of 10 islands, the Cape Verde archipelago is a cultural blend of African, Iberian and Brazilian influences.

佛得角群岛位于北大西洋,由10个岛屿组成,是非洲、伊比利亚和巴西文化的融合。

From water sports and hikes through volcanic landscapes to leisure times at the scenic beaches, Cape Verde offers it all.

从水上运动和通过火山景观徒步旅行到在风景秀丽的海滩休闲时间,佛得角提供了这一切

If you make it there between February and March, the annual Cape Verde carnival in the cultural capital of São Vicente is a must-see.

如果你能在2月到3月之间到达佛得角,那么每年一度的佛得角狂欢节(Cape Verde carnival)是必看之处。

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