56 Ethnic Groups
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We had an absolutely perfect day with our tour guide - Rogin Luo - who took us for a hike along The Great Wall! Didn't know what to expect and were thrilled to have him as our guide. Very imformative, knowledgable and fun! We go to experience a part of The Great Wall that was unrestored and see all its natural beauty. Got a long history lesson along the way!

After the hike, we all went to lunch at a small place at the bottom of the hill. Located in a house, we ate lunch in the proprietors bedroom! What a hoot! Rogin is the Best of the Best! This tour company delivered for us and we are extremely grateful.

Westborough, Massachusetts
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Home  »  China Travel Guide  »  56 Ethnic Groups  »  Northwest Region  »  
Xibe Nationality

Description: Xibe (锡伯族) is an ancient nationality with a long history, migrating to Qapqal in Xinjiang province in the 18th century. Now they mainly inhabit in Qapqai Xibe Autonomous County. According to the census in 2010, Xibe nationality took up a population of 190,481.

Language: Xibe language is developed on the basis of Manchu language.

Religion: In the past, Xibe nationality believed in everything of nature such as the earth, the sky, the moon, the sun, the star, fox, snack, insect, ancient trees, ginseng, plants, etc.. Commonly, they have faith in Shamanism.

Clothing Character: In the early stage, Xibe clothes were made of animal skin to keep warm. The clothing varies according to different time and region. Traditional clothe of male is robe in the color of blue, cyan, grey and brown, attaching a blue mandarin jacket and wearing a round hat.

After the revolution of 1911, young women prefer colorful skirt, dress, shirts, short coat with high collar and boots. Young man like to wear suit, sportswear, jacket and leather shoes. Only elders at the age of 80 or 90 wear robe, embroidered shoes occasionally.

Food Culture: Men of Xibe nationality have the hobby of smoking and drinking. They eat three meals a day, feeding on rice, leavened pancake, steamed bun, noodle, dumpling and so on. Seasoned millet mush, milk and milk tea are their daily drinking. Meat mostly comes from the home rearing such as pork, mutton and beef.

Festivals: Jus the same as Han nationality, they spend the Spring Festival, Qingming Festival, the Dragon Boat Festival, etc.. They also make dumplings at the Spring Festival.

Xiqian Festival (西迁节) is the traditional festival of Xibe, held on the 18th , April. On the day, all Xibe people regardless of age and sex, dress themselves up and gather together. They sing and dance to express their miss to the hometown and long for the future.

Black-wiping Festival (抹黑节) is another traditional festival of Xibe nationality held on the 16th of Lunar January. On the day, people get up in the early morning and go to the street to wipe black mutually and freely. According to the legend, the god of the grain descends to the world. People wipe each other black to pay for the harvest, the health and the peace.

Arts: Agricultural art of Xibe mainly reflects on residence and temple. The dwelling house has a broad roof shaped in the character of “人”. Eaves is about half meter wide. There are carved patterns on window, door case and screen.

Add On: Hui Nationality
               Uygur Nationality
               Kazakh Nationality
               Dongxiang Nationality
              Tu Nationality


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