今日英语词汇: samizdat

 admin   2021-08-22 20:44   167 人阅读  0 条评论
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今日英语词汇选自日常用语,欧美报刊文章, 以及英语原文小说。每天坚持学习TB今日英语词汇,有助于阅读和理解当今欧美主流媒体的新闻时事报道和英语文学作品;增强日常英语交流能力。

今日英语词汇 Words & Phrases of the Day

samizdat
noun /ˈsämēzdat/

Meaning

the clandestine copying and distribution of literature banned by the state, especially formerly in the communist countries of eastern Europe.

The whole samizdat—translates as: “We publish ourselves”—that is, not the state, but we, the people. (nytimes.com)

是指秘密出版物的意思。最早来自俄语самиздат(“自身出版”),也有翻译成萨密兹达或萨米亚特。是一种秘密地写作、印刷和发行被东欧一些国家禁止的文学作品。

在国家政府媒体控制下,东欧一些国家通常私藏地下出版物, 包括书籍,杂志,电影和摄影。读者通常是受过良好教育的公民,有时甚至是具有重大政治或社会影响力的人。

目前 samizdat 一词含义已经不仅限于东欧和俄罗斯。

Citations

In the waning weeks of 2016, when the intelligence community and many politicians were passing around terrifying reports about Donald Trump’s links to Russia like samizdat, the frightening possibility arose that the sanctity of the United States government might be compromised in a way no living American had experienced.

For American writers and other artists, there’s a distinct chill in the air. Strongmen have a well-earned reputation for suppression and for demanding fawning tributes: “Suck up or shut up” has been their rule. During the Cold War, many writers, filmmakers, and playwrights received visits from the FBI on suspicion of “un-American activities.” Will that history be repeated? Will self-censorship set in? Could we be entering an age of samizdat in the United States, with manuscripts circulating secretly because publishing them would mean inviting reprisal? That sounds extreme, but considering America’s own history—and the wave of authoritarian governments sweeping the globe—it’s not out of the question.

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