英语咬文嚼字: understudy, reshore, undergird, buck, crater

 admin   2020-05-20 23:22   83 人阅读  0 条评论
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英语咬文嚼字 The Crazy Logophile

understudy
noun [ C ]/ˈʌn.dɚˌstʌd.i/
an actor who learns the parts of other actors in a play, so that he or she can replace them if necessary, for example if they are ill
候补演员,替角

Joe Biden’s choice of a running mate may be the most important decision he makes during the 2020 presidential campaign. While every White House hopeful looks for someone who can improve the ticket’s odds in November, the morbid reality is that the presumptive Democratic nominee’s age means voters will need more confidence than usual in his understudy’s readiness to assume the presidency. (The National Interest)

reshore
verb [ I or T ] /ˌriːˈʃɔːr/
to move a business or part of a business that was based in a different country back to its original country
把建在国外的企业或公司重新迁回本国

For all its flaws, increased global trade and international connections has on the whole been a force for prosperity and peace. COVID-19 is forcing a reshoring that, while necessary, could leave the world poorer and less able to counter global threats — including the pandemic itself. (Axios)

undergird
verb [ T ] formal /ˌʌn.dɚˈɡɜ˞ːd/
to support something by forming a strong base for it
从底层加固;(从底层)支持;加强

The development of automation and robotics — another existing trend accelerated by the pandemic — will permit some companies to bring outsourced work home, or even replace workers altogether. The advance of political populism in much of the West has sapped support for the institutions that undergird globalization. (Axios)

buck
verb
If you buck the trend, you obtain different results from others in the same area; if you buck the system, you get what you want by breaking or ignoring the rules.
违背; 从同一领域的其他人那里得到不同的结果; 打破或无视规则得到了你想要的

“That decision was under investigation by a government watchdog who was fired last week at Pompeo’s urging, and it has fueled renewed accusations from lawmakers that the Trump administration bucked the will of Congress and even violated the law when it fast-tracked the weapons sales.” (Axios)

crater
verb slang
to fail; collapse; crash
失败;恶化;崩溃

Crucial Trump-Pelosi relationship craters as mutual heckling intensifies. What was once billed as “the most important relationship in Washington” has fallen to a new low of dysfunction as President Trump and House Speaker Nancy Pelosi publicly trade insults amid an election-year global pandemic. (Washington Examiner)

英语政治词汇

英语咬文嚼字

李如勤

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