这是世界上最繁忙的机场

 admin   2019-09-17 13:09   2,419 人阅读  0 条评论
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This is the world's busiest airport.
这是世界上最繁忙的机场

翻译编辑:清波门 /南外英语系群

Katia Hetter, CNN • Updated 17th September 2019
CNN的卡蒂亚·哈特于2019年9月17日更新

Atlanta, Georgia (CNN) — Once again, Atlanta rules the world.

At least its airport does.

More than 107 million passengers flew through Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport last year, making it the busiest passenger airport in the world for the 21st year in a row.

Atlanta also saw a 3.3% increase in passenger traffic, according to Airports Council International's world traffic report, which was released on September 16.

亚特兰大,佐治亚州(CNN)——亚特兰大再一次统治着世界。

至少它的机场是这样。

去年,亚特兰大哈茨菲尔德-杰克逊国际机场的客运量超过1.07亿人次,连续21年成为全球最繁忙的机场。

据国际机场协会(Airports Council International) 9月16日发布的《世界交通报告》(world traffic report)显示,亚特兰大的客运量也增长了3.3%。

Globally, passenger traffic increased to 8.8 billion last year, a 6.4% increase, while air cargo shipments increased by 3.4%.

"The World Airport Traffic Report shows that even as smaller airports around the world continue to make strong gains, the largest hub airports continue to grow," said ACI World Director General Angela Gittens in a news release.

"There were 16 airports handling more than 40 million passengers per annum in 2008 and there are now 54."

去年全球客运量增长6.4%,达到88亿人次,航空货运量增长3.4%。

国际机场协会总干事安吉拉 吉滕斯Angela Gittens在新闻发布会上说:“《世界机场交通报告》显示,即使世界上较小的机场继续取得强劲增长,最大的枢纽机场也在继续增长。”

“2008年,有16个机场的年客运量超过4000万人次,现在有54个。”

But Gittens warned of the impact of protectionist policies around the world.

"Protectionist rhetoric -- fueled by isolationist policies -- has swept several major economies in recent times and this has translated into a dismantling of established open trade relationships and regimes," Gittens said in the news release.

Air transport relies on open markets to grow, she said.

"Despite this, passenger traffic has remained resilient, posting annual growth rates above historical averages with the cost of travel decreasing in many markets and middle-class populations burgeoning in emerging markets," she said, adding that persistent isolationist policies could stifle growth in many countries.

但吉滕斯对全球保护主义政策的影响发出了警告。

吉滕斯在新闻发布会上表示:“孤立主义政策助长的保护主义言论,最近已席卷数个主要经济体,这已导致已建立的开放贸易关系和体制瓦解。”

她说,航空运输依靠开放的市场来增长。“尽管如此,客运量仍保持弹性,年增长率高于历史平均水平,许多市场的旅游成本下降,新兴市场的中产阶级人口迅速增长,”她表示。她补充称,持续的孤立主义政策可能会扼杀许多国家的增长。

Major connecting hub
主要连接枢纽

1.Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport (United States). The Atlanta, Georgia, airport is the busiest passenger airport in the world, handling more than 107 million passengers in 2018, according to Airports Council International. Shutterstock

哈茨菲尔德-杰克逊亚特兰大国际机场(美国)。根据国际机场理事会(Airports Council International)的数据,佐治亚州亚特兰大机场是世界上最繁忙的客运机场,2018年的客运量超过1.07亿人次。
Shutterstock

2. Beijing Capital International Airport (China). This airport serving China's capital city may catch up to the Atlanta airport one day, flying nearly 101 million passengers in 2018.
Jeff Greenberg/Universal Images Group/Getty Images

2. 北京首都国际机场(中国)。这座服务于中国首都的机场可能有一天会赶上亚特兰大机场,2018年的客运量将接近1.01亿人次。杰夫·格林伯格/环球影像集团/盖蒂图片社

3. Dubai International Airport (United Arab Emirates). With 89.1 million passengers in 2018, Dubai ranked third in overall passenger traffic and first for international passenger traffic.
Chris Jackson/Getty Images

3.迪拜国际机场(阿拉伯联合酋长国)。2018年,迪拜拥有8910万名乘客,客运量排名第三,国际客运量排名第一。克里斯·杰克逊/盖蒂图片社

4. Los Angeles International Airport (United States). Los Angeles has several airports from which to choose, but its largest airport still flew 87.5 million passengers in 2018 and moved up one slot to fourth place in the rankings.
FG/Bauer-Griffin/GC Images

4. 美国洛杉矶国际机场。洛杉矶有好几个机场可供选择,但其最大的机场在2018年仍然运送了8750万名乘客,排名上升了一位,排在第四位。
FG/·布鲁姆/ GC图片

5. Tokyo's Haneda Airport (Japan). Serving 86.9 million passengers in 2018, Haneda dropped from fourth to fifth place last year, behind Los Angeles.
YOSHIKAZU TSUNO/AFP/Getty Images

5. 东京羽田机场(日本)。2018年,羽田机场的客运量为8,690万人次,从去年的第四位降至第五位,仅次于洛杉矶。
参会者/法新社/盖蒂图片社

6. Chicago's O'Hare International Airport (Illinois, US). While O'Hare remained in sixth place for overall passenger volume, with 83.2 million passengers, it came in first place for airplane movements (takeoffs and landings).
George Rose/Getty Images

6. 芝加哥奥黑尔国际机场(美国伊利诺斯州)。虽然奥黑尔以8320万人次的总客运量位居第六,但在飞机起降方面却位居第一。
乔治·罗斯/盖蒂图片社

7. London's Heathrow Airport (United Kingdom). This London airport flew 80.1 million passengers in 2018, also ranking second place for international passenger traffic.
Cate Gillon/Getty Images

7. 伦敦希思罗机场(英国)。2018年,伦敦机场客运量8010万人次,位居国际客运量第二位。凯特 吉伦/盖蒂图片社

8. Hong Kong International Airport (China). While this Hong Kong airport served 74.5 million passengers in 2018, it dominated the total air cargo traffic rankings, coming in first place.
Mike Clarke/AFP/Getty Images

8. 香港国际机场(中国)。虽然这个香港机场在2018年接待了7450万名乘客,但它在航空货运量排行榜上占据了主导地位,位列第一。
迈克·克拉克/法新社/盖蒂图片社

9. Shanghai Pudong International Airport (China). Although Shanghai came in ninth place for moving 74 million passengers, it was ranked third for total air cargo traffic in 2018.
Liqun Liu/Construction Photography/Getty Images

9. 上海浦东国际机场(中国)。尽管上海以7400万人次的客运量排在第九位,但在2018年的航空货运量中,上海排名第三。

刘立群/建筑摄影/盖蒂图片社

10. Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport (France). This French airport remained in 10th place for another year, serving 72.2 million passengers in 2018, a 4% increase over 2017.
Dave Walsh/VW Pics/Getty Images

10. 巴黎戴高乐机场(法国)。这座法国机场连续一年位居第十,2018年接待旅客7220万人次,比2017年增长4%。戴夫·沃尔什/大众图片/盖蒂图片社

Atlanta continues to dominate the passenger market because of its location as a major connecting hub and port of entry into North America. It's within a two-hour flight of 80% of the United States population of more than 300 million people.

There was no change from 2017 in the rankings of the top three passenger airports.

Coming in second place, Beijing Capital International Airport passed the 100 million passengers mark in 2018, hitting nearly 101 million passengers and growing by 5.4%. Third place Dubai Airport handled 89 million passengers, increasing by only 1%. (Dubai was also the top-ranked airport for international passenger traffic, followed by London's Heathrow Airport and Hong Kong International Airport.)

亚特兰大继续主导着客运市场,因为它是一个重要的连接枢纽和进入北美的空港。它距离美国3亿多人口中80%的人不到两小时的航程。

与2017年相比,前三大客运机场的排名没有变化。

首都国际机场位居第二,2018年旅客吞吐量突破1亿人次大关,近1.01亿人次,同比增长5.4%。排名第三的迪拜机场接待旅客8900万人次,仅增长1%。(迪拜也是国际客运量最高的机场,其次是伦敦希思罗机场(Heathrow airport)和香港国际机场(Hong Kong international airport)。)

Chicago's O'Hare International Airport knocked Atlanta out of the No. 1 spot for most aircraft movements
芝加哥奥黑尔国际机场将亚特兰大挤出了飞机起降最频繁的第一名

Chicago's O'Hare International Airport knocked Atlanta out of the No. 1 spot for most aircraft movements, which is airport language for takeoffs and landings. O'Hare handled nearly 904,000 movements in 2018. Atlanta handled more than 895,000 movements, and Los Angeles International Airport handled nearly 708,000 movements.

Overall, 2018 aircraft movements totaled 99.9 million, a 3.1% increase.

Hong Kong remains the largest air cargo airport, handling more than 5.1 million metric tonnes of cargo in 2018, a 1.5% increase over the previous year, followed by the Memphis International Airport (Tennessee, US) and China's Shanghai Pudong International Airport.

芝加哥奥黑尔国际机场将亚特兰大挤出了飞机起降最频繁的第一名,即:用于起飞和降落的机场语言。奥黑尔在2018年处理了近90.4万个动作。亚特兰大处理了超过89.5万个动作,洛杉矶国际机场处理了近70.8万个动作。

2018年飞机起降总量9990万架次,增长3.1%。

香港仍然是全球最大的航空货运机场,2018年吞吐量超过510万吨,同比增长1.5%。紧随其后的是美国田纳西州孟菲斯国际机场和中国上海浦东国际机场。

Rapid growth
快速增长

Indira Gandhi International Airport in New Delhi is part of India's growth as an aviation market.
Courtesy David Brossard/Creative Commons/Flickr

As many as a dozen of the world's top 30 fastest-growing airports are located in China or India. The airport in Bangalore, India, is the No. 1 fastest-growing airport, with 32.3 million passengers in 2018 -- a whopping 29% increase.

新德里英迪拉甘地国际机场是印度航空市场增长的一部分。
David Brossard/Creative Commons/Flickr提供

全球增长最快的30个机场中,有12个位于中国或印度。印度班加罗尔机场是增长最快的机场,2018年旅客人数达到3,230万,增幅高达29%。

The world's busiest airports 2018

1. Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport (Georgia, US) -- 107.4 million passengers

2. Beijing Capital International Airport (China) -- 101 million

3. Dubai International Airport (United Arab Emirates) -- 89.1 million

4. Los Angeles International Airport (California, US) -- 87.5 million

5. Tokyo's Haneda Airport (Japan) -- 86.9 million

6. Chicago's O'Hare International Airport (Illinois, US) -- 83.2 million

7. London's Heathrow Airport (United Kingdom) -- 80.1 million

8. Hong Kong International Airport (China) -- 74.5 million

9. Shanghai Pudong International Airport (China) -- 74 million

10. Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport (France) -- 72.2 million

11. Amsterdam Airport Schiphol (Netherlands) -- 71 million

12. New Delhi's Indira Gandhi International Airport (India) -- 69.9 million

13. Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport (China) -- 69.7 million

14. Frankfurt Airport (Germany) -- 69.5 million

15. Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport (Texas, US) -- 69.1 million

16. Istanbul's Atatürk International Airport (Turkey) -- 68.4 million

17. Seoul's Incheon International Airport (South Korea) -- 68.4 million

18. Jakarta's Soekarno-Hatta International Airport (Indonesia) -- 65.7 million

19. Singapore Changi Airport (Singapore) -- 65.6 million

20. Denver International Airport (Colorado, US) -- 64.5 million

2018年世界上最繁忙的机场

1. 哈茨菲尔德-杰克逊亚特兰大国际机场(美国佐治亚州)——1.074亿乘客

2. 北京首都国际机场(中国)——1.01亿

3.迪拜国际机场(阿联酋)——8910万

4. 洛杉矶国际机场(美国加州)——8750万

5. 东京羽田机场(日本)——8690万

6. 芝加哥奥黑尔国际机场(美国伊利诺斯州)——8320万

7. 伦敦希思罗机场(英国)——8010万英镑

8. 香港国际机场(中国)——7450万

9. 上海浦东国际机场(中国)——7400万

10. 巴黎戴高乐机场(法国)——7220万

11. 阿姆斯特丹史基浦机场(荷兰)——7100万

12. 新德里英迪拉甘地国际机场(印度)——6990万

13. 广州白云国际机场(中国)——6970万

14. 法兰克福机场(德国)——6950万

15. 达拉斯/沃斯堡国际机场(美国德克萨斯州)——6910万

16. 伊斯坦布尔的阿塔图尔克国际机场(土耳其)——6840万

17. 首尔仁川国际机场(韩国)——6840万

18. 雅加达Soekarno-Hatta国际机场(印度尼西亚)——6570万美元

19. 新加坡樟宜机场(新加坡)——6560万

20.丹佛国际机场(美国科罗拉多州)——6450万

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