呆牛英语特点：及时性 、 热点性 、 新潮流行性和趋势性。例句和解释原汁原味。欢迎留言和交流学习。
pluses and minuses
the good and bad points of something; the advantages and disadvantages; the pros and cons
She spent hours listing the pluses and minuses of each of the apartments she had looked at, trying to narrow down her choices.
ring-fence (also ring fence； ringfence)
verb & noun
1. to put (an amount of money) aside for a specific purpose；to guarantee the safety of funds or investment.
2. to assign (something) to one particular purpose, so as to restrict its use
Microsoft is negotiating a transition period that will give it time to ringfence TikTok technologically from ByteDance after they agree to a deal, Reuters reported on Aug. 2. The clean break that Trump and lawmakers envision could take a year or more, some of the sources said. （Reuters）
noun [ U ]
If someone has staying power, that person always manage to continue doing what they have to do until it is finished.
The coronavirus pandemic has increased alcohol sales overall and hard seltzers are exploding in popularity and look to have staying power, boasting record high sales in recent weeks. (Axios)
throw down the gauntlet （or lay down the gauntlet ）
to invite someone to fight or compete with you
A price war looks likely now that a leading supermarket has thrown down the gauntlet to its competitors. 一场价格战似乎一触即发，因为一个龙头超级市场已经向对手们发出了挑战。(Cambridge)
Trump Lays Down the Gauntlet for William Barr.President Trump told Fox News that he hopes U.S. Attorney John Durham, who is investigating the origins of the Russia probe, is “not going to be politically correct” and warned that Attorney General William Barr could go down as “the greatest attorney general” or just “an average guy” — depending on what comes out of the monthslong probe. (Axios)
crank sth up
— phrasal verb with crank verb /kræŋk/ informal
to increase or improve something
crank up the volume/pressure 调高音量／增加压力
I just heard on the news he is cranking up his birtherism thing and aiming it at Kamala Harris ... again. She was born in Oakland, California. I'm pretty sure that back in 1964 it was an actual state (since he does not seem to understand the concept of citizenship for territories). This is going to be a very tiresome 2.5 months. (TW)
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