英语咬文嚼字: look past, cut against, take stock, pile on, have a shot at, come down on sb/sth, meta

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英语咬文嚼字 The Crazy Logophile

look past
To ignore, disregard, or forgive something; to overlook something.
忽视;原谅某事; 忽略一些东西。
We're willing to look past the incident this time, seeing as it was your first offense, but any future transgressions will result in an immediate termination from the company.

As the economy faces a once-in-a-century recession, with more than 38 million people out of work, Trump is increasingly talking up a future recovery that probably won’t materialize until after the November election. He’s asking voters to look past the pain being felt across the nation and give him another four-year term on the promise of an economic comeback in 2021. (AP)

cut against
(of people) to say the opposite of what someone else has said, or (of one fact or statement) to be so different from another fact or statement that one of them must be wrong
反驳,否定;(事实或声明)(与…)相矛盾,(与…)有抵触

The extended preparation cuts against White House messaging that the virus will recede in the coming months and that a vaccine could be available by the end of the year. (Axios)

take stock
To take stock (of something) is to think carefully about a situation or event and form an opinion about it, so that you can decide what to do.
仔细考虑;作出判断;评估
After two years spent teaching overseas, she returned home for a month to take stock of her life. 在国外教了两年书之后,她回国呆了一个月,反思自己的生活。(Cambridge)

After a bruising campaign to convince allies to dump Chinese giant Huawei, U.S. President Donald Trump can start to take stock on how effective — or pointless — his efforts have been.

pile on
phrasal verb
To increase something by a large amount, or to do it a lot ;increase quickly
迅速增加

UN agency says it's 'pleased to hear a very consistent message from China' as US and others pile on criticism.

have a shot at (someone or something)
1) To try something. A: "Do you want to try driving my car, to see how you like it?" B: "Yeah, sure, I'll have a shot at it." 尝试
2) To have a chance to achieve, attain, or have success in something. Do you really think I have a shot at winning this thing? 有机会赢得
3) To criticize someone or something. Primarily heard in Australia. I had a shot at him this morning, so he already knows I'm unhappy with his proposal. 批评

Mr. Trump has led the charge, but his effects are being felt far down the ballot. Two years after Democrats swept the midterm House elections by a historically wide margin and with historically high turnout, polling suggests they have a shot at a similar showing this year. ( New York Times)

come down on sb/sth
— phrasal verb with come verb
to punish or criticize a person or activity very strongly
严厉处罚;斥责;训斥
They're coming down heavily on people for not paying their license fees. 他们对不缴纳执照费的人处以重罚。
The authorities plan to come down hard on truancy in future. 当局计划将来严惩逃学者。

Trump and friends: Where European countries come down on Huawei. Countries in Eastern Europe that rely heavily on U.S. military protection through NATO have taken the toughest line. Among big Western countries, the picture is varied, with Germany so far stopping short of hard restrictions on Huawei. Some countries are undecided while others, like Denmark, have taken surprisingly tough measures.(Politico)

meta
adjective /me-tə/
informal : showing or suggesting an explicit awareness of itself or oneself as a member of its category : cleverly self-referential
表现出或暗示出自己的明确认识

It was no surprise, then, when Trump announced that his reelection-campaign theme would be ‘Keep America Great.’ On brand. Direct but sort of meta. He was saying that he’d made America great. And he’d keep it that way.

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英语咬文嚼字

李如勤

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