英语文学词汇: scurrilous, stench, coprophilia, derelict, laudatory, encomium, inchoate, timorous, posterity, pontificate,

 admin   2020-10-03 22:30   649 人阅读  0 条评论
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从2020年9月1日开始,英语文学词汇开始咀嚼《伤残的树》(The Crippled Tree)一书的用词。《伤残的树》是英籍女作家韩素音自传之一。写她的中国父亲在欧洲留学时与她比利时母亲恋爱结合的故事,以及她在童年时期的生活见闻。

韩素音的英文造诣在当代英美文坛堪称一流,其精美、清丽、雅洁的文笔早在西方评论界获得公认。韩素音英语用词精确,其形容词、名词和动词千变万化。每期罗列10个用词和解释, 并附上原文句子。

英语文学词汇 Literature Terms

81.scurrilous
adjective /ˈskʌr.ə.ləs/
1. expressing unfair or false criticism that is likely to damage someone's reputation
诋毁的,诽谤的
2. humorously insulting. "a very funny collection of bawdy and scurrilous writings" 幽默的侮辱。

Their stalls were often opposite to a public privy, which led a wag of those days to write a semi-scurrilous essay on the trade:...( Page 37)

82. stench
noun /stentʃ/ [ C usually singular ] (Cambridge)
1. a strong, unpleasant smell
恶臭,臭气
the stench of rotting fish/burning rubber/cigarette smoke 烂鱼的腥臭味/燃烧的橡胶的刺鼻气味/难闻的烟味
an overpowering stench 强烈的恶臭
2. a bad effect that follows an unpleasant event or situation and is noticeable for a long time
恶劣影响;不良后果
For some time after the minister's resignation, the stench of scandal hung over the government. 部长辞职后的一段时间里,丑闻的恶劣影响仍然笼罩着政府。

The pedlar stands at the street corner, enticingly; here is no stench, but faint scent of the leaf, reinforced by a stick of burning incense. ( Page 37)

83. coprophilia
Coprophilia is the condition of desire for sexual gratification and sexual arousal derived from the smell, taste, or sight of feces or from the act of defecation; 恋粪癖或恋尿癖者,会欲望将粪或尿排泄到性伴身上,或被性伴排泄到自己身上,以达致性兴奋。成因很可能与其幼年成长的经验中,将排泄物与性欲连系起关系来。(Baidu)
嗜粪癖

The Family's interest in cloacae was not coprophilia, but economics.
( Page 37)

84. derelict
adjective /ˈder.ə.lɪkt/ (Cambridge)
Derelict buildings or places are not cared for and are in bad condition.
失修的,破败的;废弃的

stopped at a street corner where a public convenience, derelict assemblage of bamboo matting with their coir roof and a half-wall of brick to give it semi-privacy, advertised it.

85. laudatory
adjective /ˈlɑː.də.tɔːr.i/
(of speech or writing) expressing praise and commendation.
称赞的,赞扬的,赞美的

...the three old men wrapped in golden monkey fur gowns, with peaches of longevity in a dish on one side and a large French clock on the other, and laudatory scrolls hung on the walls behind them. ( Page 41)

86. encomium
noun /enˈkoʊ.mi.əm/
plural encomiums or encomia
a piece of writing, speech, etc. that praises someone or something
赞词,颂词

Out of the encomiums on his characters and especially on his loyalty , one fact emerges: it was through military exploit rather than as an administrator that Chou Taohung obtained the prestige and influence he wielded at the time. ( Page 41)

87. inchoate
adjective /ɪnˈkoʊ.eɪt/ (Cambridge)
only recently or partly formed, or not completely developed or clear
才开始的;不完全的;未发展完善的

In these epics of peasant revolt, upheavals subsiding, simmering and again spewing forth, inchoate, fluid, elusive but tenacious and never ending...(Page 45)

88. timorous
adjective /ˈtɪm.ɚ.əs/
nervous and without much confidence
羞怯的;胆小的,胆怯的

The Manchu were stupid, timorous and weak, but the rising Chinese landlord-gentry-scholar official class was now armed and military competent. ( Page 45)

89. posterity
noun [ U ] /pɑːˈster.ə.t̬i/
the people who will exist in the future
后裔,子孙,后代

Tseng kept copious diaries for posterity, and in them describes everything, his campaigns as well as his ringworm and failing sight. ( Page 50)

90. pontificate / pontification
verb [ I ] & noun /pɑːnˈtɪf.ə.keɪt/
to speak or write and give your opinion about something as if you knew everything about it and as if only your opinion was correct
自以为是地发表意见;发表武断的意见

One longed, reading Tseng, for some relief from his dour, humorless, utterly righteous pontification. (page 50)

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