英语文学词汇: groove, assiduous, yodel, hideous, swish, shuffle, froth, callous, insipid, disquiet

 admin   2020-11-10 07:43   547 人阅读  0 条评论
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英语文学词汇 Literature Terms

从2020年9月1日开始,英语文学词汇开始咀嚼《伤残的树》(The Crippled Tree)一书的用词。《伤残的树》是英籍女作家韩素音自传之一。写她的中国父亲在欧洲留学时与她比利时母亲恋爱结合的故事,以及她在童年时期的生活见闻。

韩素音的英文造诣在当代英美文坛堪称一流,其精美、清丽、雅洁的文笔早在西方评论界获得公认。韩素音英语用词精确,其形容词、名词和动词千变万化。每期罗列10个用词和解释, 并附上原文句子。

191. groove
noun [ C ] & verb /ɡruːv/
a long, narrow, hollow space cut into a surface; make a groove or grooves in.
沟;槽;辙;纹 / 在…上开出沟(或槽等)

The waters were high, the marks along the shore rocks, grooved by their flow, like the horizontal strokes of a brush; the boat went swiftly, borne by the strong current. ( (page 145)

192. assiduous
adjective /əˈsɪdʒ.u.əs/
showing hard work, care, and attention to detail; showing great care, attention, and effort : marked by careful unremitting attention or persistent application
专心致志的;兢兢业业的;勤勉的;锲而不舍

Only the pilot knew them. He stood at the boat's helm, his eye upon the waters; his fingers moved, giving the signals to the oarsmen plying assiduous strokes. ( Page 145)

193. yodel
verb [ I ]/ˈjoʊ.dəl/-ll- or US usually -l-
to sing by making a series of very fast changes between the natural voice and a much higher voice
用约德尔唱法唱歌;真假嗓音反复变换地演唱

The young men heard the final yodel of relief as the boat shot over the Kuanyan rapids and the boatmen relaxed, laughed and made jokes, and then, rapidly, silent,one by one went to the stern, each to lie down for a few minute and to smoke a ration of opium. (Page 146)

194. hideous
adjective /ˈhɪd.i.əs/
extremely ugly or bad; ugly or disgusting to look at.
极丑的;极坏的

The dreadful sucking water, with its visible, audible sucks and hisses, was still the most fearfully alive water I have seen. From what seemed most hideous depths came another skin of water,... ( Page 148)

195. swish
verb [ I or T ] & noun /swɪʃ/
to (cause to) move quickly through the air making a soft sound
(使)嗖嗖地快速移动/嗖嗖的快速移动;唰唰地

... welling up and swishing itself upon the surface into a carapace (动物甲壳)design, like a turtle's back , an outline of diamond shapes, and at each angle a hole formed and sucked back into itself, sucking back the dissolving diamond; a little father bubbles pouted, pouting spurring then breaking open; and up welled and surface out another hexagonal animal skin. ( Page 149)

196. shuffle
verb/ˈʃʌf.əl/ [ I + adv/prep, T ]
to walk by pulling your feet slowly along the ground rather than lifting them; walk by dragging one's feet along or without lifting them fully from the ground.
拖着脚走,曳足而行

It took little time to be persuaded that one was riding the back of a prehistoric monster, whose skin wrinkled and relaxed while the monster shuffled about. ( Page 149)

197. froth
noun [ U ]& verb /frɑːθ/
small, white bubbles on the surface of a liquid; to (cause a liquid to) have or produce a lot of small bubbles that often rise to the surface
(液体表面的)白沫/(使)起泡沫

A faint froth, a scarcely perceived rock just breaking the surface; and there were the whirlpools and sudden notion that water and sky were swiveling round an almost unperceived center of light delicate froth, which softly, softly, began its inward funnel, sucking one back into the depths from where all this came up; and this went on all the time, for two hundred kilometers of the gorges. ( Page 149)

198. callous
adjective /ˈkæl.əs/
unkind, cruel, and without sympathy or feeling for other people; showing or having an insensitive and cruel disregard for others.
冷酷无情的;无同情心的,麻木不仁的

Too young to know greatness then; only contemplating the landscape and quoting poems; how callous youth shields us from pain; often now I dream of the city, like a cloud on the cliff, and the songs of the boatmen make me weep at waking... ( Page 151 )

199. insipid
adjective /ɪnˈsɪp.ɪd/ us
/ɪnˈsɪp.ɪd/
lacking flavor; lacking vigor or interest; not having a strong taste or character, or having no interest or energy
无味的;无特色的;无生气;乏味的

But after a while the Szechuan students complained of the insipid food, and moved out to board with a Szchuan merchant from Kiating named Wu Ling,... ( Page 152)

200. disquiet
noun [ U ] & verb /dɪˈskwaɪət/
a feeling of anxiety or worry; make (someone) worried or anxious.
焦虑,担心,不安

And he always felt a hand of disquiet about his throat when he met them. The most terrifying of all were the giant bearded Sihk police men, wielding their batons, pistols in their belts. ( Page 153)



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