英语文学词汇: brigandage, hoot, indefatigable, delimit, preponderant, lull sb into sth, peregrination, fulcrum, fox, throw off the scent

 admin   2020-11-05 07:40   567 人阅读  0 条评论
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英语文学词汇 Literature Terms

从2020年9月1日开始,英语文学词汇开始咀嚼《伤残的树》(The Crippled Tree)一书的用词。《伤残的树》是英籍女作家韩素音自传之一。写她的中国父亲在欧洲留学时与她比利时母亲恋爱结合的故事,以及她在童年时期的生活见闻。

韩素音的英文造诣在当代英美文坛堪称一流,其精美、清丽、雅洁的文笔早在西方评论界获得公认。韩素音英语用词精确,其形容词、名词和动词千变万化。每期罗列10个用词和解释, 并附上原文句子。

161. brigand / brigandage
a member of a gang that ambushes and robs people in forests and mountains. 强盗

For exploitation and oppression is not a matter of race. It is the system, the apparatus of world wide brigandage called imperialism. ( Page 116)

162. hoot
noun [ C ]/huːt/
a short, loud, high sound
短促响亮的声音

Take, for instance, little Belgium. I was born, as were five other of my mother's children, on the Belgian-built railroads, slept and wakened to the hoot of the engines, ... ( Page 116)

163. indefatigable
adjective /ˌɪn.dɪˈfæt̬.ɪ.ɡə.bəl/
indefatigably
adv
always determined and energetic in trying to achieve something and never willing to admit defeat
不倦的;不屈不挠的

Of all the Powers pushing China indefatigably to her ruin, Belgium appeared the most inofffensive, the most harmless, the only one with honorable intention of commerce alone. ( Page 116)

164. delimit
verb [ T ]/ˌdiːˈlɪm.ɪt/
to mark or describe the limits of something
标出…的界限,给…划界

But the Catholic Church was more methodical; Inner Mongolia, Chinghai and Kansu were delimited as a sphere of conversion to the Scheut Missions, who acquired great tracts of land and prospected their sphere of conversion for gold , iron, coal and other metals. ( Page 118)

165. preponderant
adjective /prɪˈpɑːn.dɚ.ənt/
predominant in influence, number, or importance; important or large
占优势的;多数的

As China became more and more the object of the cupidity ( greed) of the great powers, Leopold saw the very weakness and smallness of Belgium might aid her in acquiring there an almost preponderant economic positions. (Page 120)

166. lull sb into sth
— phrasal verb with lull verb [ T ]/lʌl/
to make someone feel safe in order to trick them; to cause one to fail to be aware of the risks, dangers, or true reality of a situation.
使人不能意识到危险或真实的处境;哄骗,麻痹(某人)

However, if the Chinese learnt of this, all would be lost. These plans were to be kept a secret, and the suspicious, mistrustful Chinese lulled into confidence. ( Page 121)

167. peregrination
noun [ C ]/ˌper.ə.ɡrəˈneɪ.ʃən/
a long journey in which you travel to various different places, especially on foot
(尤指徒步的)旅行;漫游;旅程

This mission of two men went almost unnoticed, by-passing the British and French sphere of influence, skirting the Russians to the north, in a grand peregrination through a vast area.

168. fulcrum
noun /ˈfʊl.krəm/
plural fulcrums or fulcra
[ C ] physics specialized
the point at which a bar, or something that is balancing, is supported or balances
(杠杆的)支点,支轴,关键点

Hankow, one of the three cities bestriding the Great River, right in China's center was to be the fulcrum for all railway lines, as well as river transport, in China, (Page 122)

169. fox
verb [ T ]
to confuse someone or be too difficult to be understood by someone;to deceive someone in a clever way
使迷惑;难住; 欺骗,使上当

The French minister in Beijing had a brilliant idea: why not bring in the Russo-Chinese bank as intermediary, to fox the British? ( Page 125)

170. throw off the scent
to give someone false or confusing information to prevent them from discovering something that you do not want them to know about
使(某人)失去线索,使(某人)找不到

By feint, evasive action, circling and other guerrilla tactics of finance, the British were thrown off the scent, and only in the last few weeks of negotiations did the they became aware that these separate maneuvers were part of the same railway loan scheme. ( Page 125)


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