英语文学词汇: clove, victuals, unlettered, lethargic, limp, indenture, press-gang, waylay, abject, proscribe

 admin   2021-01-02 18:54   410 人阅读  0 条评论
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英语文学词汇 Literature Terms

从2020年9月1日开始,英语文学词汇开始咀嚼《伤残的树》(The Crippled Tree)一书的用词。《伤残的树》是英籍女作家韩素音自传之一。写她的中国父亲在欧洲留学时与她比利时母亲恋爱结合的故事,以及她在童年时期的生活见闻。

韩素音的英文造诣在当代英美文坛堪称一流,其精美、清丽、雅洁的文笔早在西方评论界获得公认。韩素音英语用词精确,其形容词、名词和动词千变万化。每期罗列10个用词和解释, 并附上原文句子。

211. clove
noun \/kloʊv/
a small separate part of a bulb of garlic 蒜瓣

He had four baskets of oranges, bamboo boxes o preserved cumquates, lacquer boxes of tea, tweleve jars of pickles made by his mother, and various condiments and vegetables in salt and cloves. ( Page 159)

212. victuals
noun [ plural ] old-fashioned or humorous /ˈvɪt̬.əlz/
food and drink
食品和饮料;饮食

No doubt the others has a similar amount of victuals to keep them from famishing in Europe; ... ( Page 159)

213. unlettered
[ˌənˈledərd] ADJECTIVE
(of a person) poorly educated or illiterate;lacking facility in reading and writing and ignorant of the knowledge to be gained from books
文盲的; 不识字的; 缺乏读写能力,对从书本上获得的知识一无所知

The students were wlcmed by the Chinese merchants's guilds of Cholon, the Chinese commercial sector of the city, and immediatly engulfed in another China, the China Oceseas, a trading, bluff, prompt and money-minded, raucous, jostling China, quite unlettered, but intensely concerned with the what happened in the Old Mountain of the Ancestors, and fiercely anti-Manchu. ( Page 160)

214. lethargic
adjective [ləˈTHärjik]
having little energy; feeling unwilling and unable to do anything;affected by lethargy; sluggish and apathetic.
萎靡不振的,无精打采的;懒散的,倦怠的

We are lethargic, here they bustle. The weather is for ever like our steamiest summer, but nothing slters their energy,. And how they hate the Manchu. ( Page 161)

215. limp
verb (PROCESS/THING) [ I + adv/prep ]
informal to move or develop slowly and with difficulty
缓慢行进;艰难移动

From Saigon tge boat, now full, with many Frenchmen in the first class, Annamites and Tonkoneses merchants and Chinese students in the second class, developed a engine defect so that it went limping into Singapore harbour. ( Page 162)

216. indenture
verb [ T ] /ɪnˈden.tʃɚ/
(in the past) to officially agree that someone, often a young person, will work for someone else, especially in order to learn a job
签订契约(尤指做学徒)

The feeling of resentment agianst the Manchu dynsty were also outspoken in Singapore. Already in 1898, Yentung learned , there had been much agitation to cut queue, and this had not abated. Most of the Chinese here had arived as "pigs", or indentured labour. ( Page163).

217. press-gang
verb [ T ] informal /ˈpres.ɡæŋ/
to force or strongly persuade someone to do something they do not want to do
强迫;劝诱

The system followed in Malaya by the British was along the same lines, and by the 1900s the pig-runners were British and Portuguese merchants, but the people who didi the press-ganging for them were Chinese gansters in Shanghai, Canton, and other ports. ( Page 163)

218. waylay
verb [ T ]/ˌweɪˈleɪ/ waylaid | waylaid
to wait for and then stop someone, especially either to attack or talk to that person
(尤指为攻击某人或与之谈话而)伏击,拦截

... and though many were the traps to waylay him, always miraculously he eluded them. He was also a member of the Triad Secret Society,... ( Page 164)

219. abject
adjective formal /ˈæb.dʒekt/ (NOT PROUD)
showing no pride or respect for yourself
卑躬屈膝的;下贱的;奴性的;低三下四

The abject and vicious Dowager would not live for ever; at her eath the imprisoned Emperor ould be released, he would recall Kang, the Reformiststs would rule ge Empire. ( Page 164)

220. proscribe
verb [ T ] formal /proʊˈskraɪb/
(of a government or other authority) to not allow something
(政府或其他权力机构)禁止

Sun was poor, unknown, proscribed, not a scholar, certainly not a gentleman with a goo name. ( Page 164)


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