英语文学词汇: bedevil, rapacious, sublimity, courtesan, profile, nauseate, topsy-turvy, schizophrenic, inadvertenly, aromatic,

 admin   2020-12-14 11:40   109 人阅读  0 条评论
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英语文学词汇 Literature Terms

从2020年9月1日开始,英语文学词汇开始咀嚼《伤残的树》(The Crippled Tree)一书的用词。《伤残的树》是英籍女作家韩素音自传之一。写她的中国父亲在欧洲留学时与她比利时母亲恋爱结合的故事,以及她在童年时期的生活见闻。

韩素音的英文造诣在当代英美文坛堪称一流,其精美、清丽、雅洁的文笔早在西方评论界获得公认。韩素音英语用词精确,其形容词、名词和动词千变万化。每期罗列10个用词和解释, 并附上原文句子。

201.  bedevil
verb [ T ] /bɪˈdev.əl/ 
to confuse, annoy, or cause problems or difficulties for someone or something
迷惑;苦恼;弄糟

For Yentung beards now became linked to the Great Perplexity which bedeviled him when he tried to understand the incomprehensible Europeans. (Page 153)

202. rapacious
adjective /rəˈpeɪ.ʃəs/
having or showing a strong wish to take things for yourself, usually using unfair methods or force; aggressively greedy or grasping
巧取豪夺的,贪婪的,掠夺的

Unbelievably repacious, they yet weep tears when they give money to beggars. But they will let thousands die of hunger, for the pleasure of going good t by giving alms to a few. ( Page 153)

203. sublimity
/səˈblɪm.ə.t̬i/
noun form of sublime: of such excellence, grandeur, or beauty as to inspire great admiration or awe; the quality of being extremely good, beautiful, or enjoyable
崇高; 高尚; 庄严; 崇高感; 崇高性; 令人钦佩的卓越、庄严或美丽

I began to mathematics; borrowed what I could find to read on world history, acquired two books on physics and on biology. I beame enchanted with Western Science, the sublimity of its logic. ( Page 154)

204. courtesan
noun [ C ]/ˈkɔːr.t̬ə.zæn/
a woman, usually with a high social position, who in the past had sexual relationships with rich or important men in exchange for money; a prostitute, especially one with wealthy or upper-class clients; a prostitute with a courtly, wealthy, or upper-class clientele
(旧时与富人或要人交往的)高级妓女,交际花

Unlike others of my generation, with friends to acquaint them witth the delights of courtesants, I ws dislinclined to such pastimes. Books gave me almost physical pleasure. ( Pge 155)

205. profile
noun [C] (SIDE VIEW)
a side view of a person's face; often used in the phrase: in profile
(面部的)侧面(像)

He pacedm shouted, beard wagging in profile. At any moment his fraying arms ( fo he moved them about as he paced) would hit me, and then what would I do? ( Page 156)

206. nauseate
verb [ T often passive ] /ˈnɑː.zi.eɪt/
to cause someone to feel as if they are going to vomit;make (someone) feel sick; affect with nausea.
使恶心,使作呕

he towered over me by a head, and much have weighted twice what I did. I wanted to run away, but pride kept me nailed, standing in front of him. I sweated with fear. Physical violence always nauseated me. ( Page156)

207. topsy-turvy
adjective, adverb /ˌtɑːp.siˈtɝː.vi/
(in a state of being) confused, not well organized, or giving importance to unexpected things; upside down.
颠三倒四的(地),乱七八糟的(地),杂乱无章的(地)

I no longer know what to believe, and I even doubt the categories: hard and soft, liquid and solid, everything is topsy-turvy; when I walk I know my body is propelled from one point to another, but can no longer remember how I got there. ( Page 158)

208. schizophrenic
noun [ C ]/ˌskɪt.səˈfren.ɪk/
someone who suffers from schizophrenia; having, relating to, or characteristic of schizophrenia
精神分裂症; 精神分裂症患者

Thus his despairing soliloquy, as he was confronted by what appeared to him the inscrutable, double-faced, schizophrenic West. ( Page 158)

209. inadvertenly
adverb
/ˌɪn.ədˈvɜː.tənt.li/ /ˌɪn.ədˈvɝː.t̬ənt.li/
not intentionally
非故意地,无意地

as late as later 1907 one man was beaten to death at the railway station in Peking because he wore a false queue and and inadvertenly lifted his hat, exposing his queueless condition. ( Page 158)

210. aromatic
[ˌerəˈmadik]ADJECTIVE
having a pleasant and distinctive smell.
有香味的,有香气的,芳香的

The Szechuan students who climbed on board the French Messageries Maritimes boat Portthos, leaving Shanghai for Marseille in the winter of 1903, carried much luggage in edible, aromatic form. ( Page 158) 11


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