新闻英语词汇: Honest graft

 admin   2021-08-15 11:35   1,136 人阅读  0 条评论
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新闻英语词汇 Journalism Vocabulary

Honest graft 诚实的贿赂

Honest graft 指充分利用担任公职时可能出现的赚钱机会。

该词最早出自于约州参议员乔治·华盛顿·普伦凯特George Washington Plunkitt( November 17, 1842 – November 19, 1924)。他在职期间,利用公职带来的便利捞取了大量财富。

参议员普伦凯特位为自己的行为进行了辩解。他认为他的行为是“honest graft”(诚实的贿赂),即同时追求公共利益和个人利益, 而他认为“dishonest graft”指只追求个人利益。例如,普伦凯特自己通过购买土地赚了很多钱,因为他知道土地是公共项目所必需的。他预先购买大量土地,然后以高价转售。

Plunkitt became wealthy by practicing what he called "honest graft" in politics. He was a cynically honest practitioner of what today is generally known as "machine politics," patronage-based and frank in its exercise of power for personal gain.

普伦凯特有一句载入史册的辩护词:I seen my opportunities and I took 'em.(我看到了我的机会,我接受了。)

Citations
But whether the subject is the Clinton Foundation’s influence-peddling or now the Biden family’s variation on that theme, Trump has always sold himself as the candidate of a more honest form of graft.
---The New York Time by Ross Douthat Sep 24, 2019

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“In theory,” Donald Trump told The New York Times on Tuesday, “I could run my business perfectly, and then run the country perfectly.”

That particular theory has a pedigree, and a specific name. It was popularized more than a century ago by George Washington Plunkitt, another flamboyant New York businessman and politician. He dubbed it “honest graft.”
---theatlantic.com by Yoni Appelbaum Nov 25, 2016


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