英语咬文嚼字: zeitgeist, cannibalize, at each other’s throats, gaslight, sparks fly, clap back, skewed

 admin   2022-03-03 19:35   770 人阅读  0 条评论
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zeitgeist
noun [ S ] /ˈzaɪt.ɡaɪst/
the general set of ideas, beliefs, feelings, etc. that is typical of a particular period in history
(某一特定历史时期的)时代思潮,时代精神 (Cambridge)

According to the New York Times, the newspaper apocalypse has caused a “national crisis.” Washington Post media columnist Margaret Sullivan frets about a nation without local newspapers. Academics have charted the expansion of news deserts, communities where no newspaper is published. Nieman Lab’s Joshua Benton co-frets with Sullivan, as does Brookings Institution research analyst Clara Hendrickson, who has given her study a title—“Local Journalism in Crisis: Why America Must Revive Its Local Newsrooms”— that perfectly sums up the zeitgeist.

cannibalize
verb [ T ] (UK usually cannibalise) /ˈkæn.ə.bəl.aɪz/
to take parts from a machine or vehicle in order to make or repair another machine or vehicle
拆用;拼修;拼配 (Cambridge)

But less and less of it gets printed, because Alden owner Randall Smith and his right-hand man, Heath Freeman, don’t care about the news. As newspaper industry analyst Ken Doctor has amply documented, Alden is cannibalizing its papers for profit in a way that should repel subscribers.

at each other's throats
If two people are at each other's throats, they are arguing angrily.
(两人)激烈争吵

Berlin and Paris, the EU's richest and most influential capitals, are increasingly at each other's throats, with Macron and Merkel making contradictory statements in public, and their aides working furiously to paper over serious disagreements on major issues, including EU expansion into the western Balkans, NATO and EU security policy, and the future of the eurozone.
-- Politico nov 27,2019

gaslight
Verb
to attempt to make (someone) believe that he or she is going insane (as by subjecting that person to a series of experiences that have no rational explanation) -- Merrian-Webster
通过过心理手段操纵某人接受对现实的虚假信息或虚假描述,从而怀疑自己的理智行为。

“Trump has repeated that so many times that there’s obvious malice of forethought,” Tapper said of the president. “He’s obviously saying this in order to undermine a fact, in order to try to gaslight the country.”

sparks fly
If sparks fly between two or more people, they argue angrily.
激烈争论 (Cambridge)

The holidays can be stressful, but in a nation as divided as ours, they can produce even more tension. Gather together those whose worldviews are the polar opposite of one another, and you may see some sparks fly. But family celebrations don't actually have to be politically contentious. Unfortunately, some would prefer to use these fleeting moments to argue their cause, no matter how much discord it brings.
-- washingtonexaminer Nov. 28, 2019

clap back
responding to a criticism with a withering comeback. The term ultimately derives from a 2003 song by Ja Rule, appropriately titled “Clap Back.” (Merriam-Webster)
怒对,机智应对

Often, during the holidays, the dinner table feels so safe that many family members are comfortable uttering their most racist, transphobic, queer antagonistic, misogynistic, and generally ugly ideas over their turkey and cranberry sauce. Some white people who see themselves as nonracist will just play nice instead of clapping back directly at these problematic family members.
-- washingtonexaminer Nov. 28, 2019

skewed
adjective /skjuːd/ us
not accurate or exact
不准确的,不确切的 (Cambridge)

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