英语咬文嚼字: plebiscite, egg sb on, hamstring, loose nukes, insinuation, overplay, neophyte

 admin   2019-11-06 06:54   962 人阅读  0 条评论
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Review some words & phrases from media reports covering the India-Pakistan conflict in March, 2019

noun UK /ˈpleb.ə.saɪt/ formal
a referendum

Both countries agreed to a plebiscite in principle, to allow Kashmiris to decide their own future, but it has never been held because it was predicated on the withdrawal of all military forces from the region, which has not happened even decades on.

egg sb on
— phrasal verb with egg verb
to strongly encourage someone to do something that might not be a very good idea

Pakistani rangers and Indian security forces perform the daily Beating Retreat ceremony at the border village - Wagah. Video footage of the ceremony shows spectators arranged on stadium-style bleachers along the road, who shout and clap, egged on by animated cheerleaders, to a soundtrack of patriotic music.

of the highest quality or ranking

Indian M777 howitzers are displayed during a rehearsal for the Republic Day Parade on January 23, 2019, in New Delhi, India. The guns are top-line US technology, analysts say.

verb [ T often passive ] UK /ˈhæm.strɪŋ/ US /ˈhæm.strɪŋ/ hamstrung
to limit the amount of something that can be done or the ability or power of someone to do something

India wants even more new military technology, but it is often hamstrung by tight export controls from key suppliers like the US and Britain.

loose nukes
The term originally referred to poorly guarded nuclear weapons in the former Soviet Union that might tempt terrorists or criminals. Today, experts use the term to refer to nuclear weapons, materials, or know-how that could fall into the wrong hands.

"Pakistan has a strategic policy of delegating nuclear release approval down to lower level tactical units," he said. "There is a real danger of 'loose nukes,' that is lower-level bellicose commanders using tactical nuclear weapons if they see fit."

noun [ C or U ] /ɪnˌsɪn.juˈeɪ.ʃən/
the action of suggesting, without being direct, that something unpleasant is true

Pakistan says it rejects "any insinuation" that it had a role in Thursday's attack, for which India has blamed Jaish-e-Mohammed, a Pakistan-based group listed by the U.S. State Department as a foreign terrorist organization.

noun [ C ] UK /ˈpeɪ.ləʊd/ US /ˈpeɪ.loʊd/
the amount of goods or people that a vehicle, such as a truck or aircraft, can carry

Not surprisingly, tensions escalated even further. In the early morning hours of Tuesday, the Indian air force entered into Pakistani airspace and dropped a payload of bombs. India claimed it had attacked a terrorist training camp and killed "a large number" of militants. For its part, Pakistan insisted the attack had hit an uninhabited forest, damaging only trees.

noun [ C ]
a fight between two military aircraft in which they fly very fast and very close to each other

Pakistan has released the Indian pilot it captured during a dogfight earlier this week, in an attempt to defuse spiraling tensions between the two countries.

face down sb/sth
— phrasal verb with face
to defeat someone or something that is opposing you by being brave and strong

To avoid escalating their current confrontation, the two prime ministers will have to face down the powerful pull of historic rivalries and mistrust, coupled with the more immediate needs of their own political careers.

hold sway
to have power or a very strong influence

Han Hua, professor and South Asia studies expert at Peking University, said given Chin(a) has greater influence in Pakistan, while the US holds more sway in India, it made sense for the two to cooperate.

verb [ T ] /ˌoʊ.vɚˈpleɪ/
to make something seem more important than it really is

But Beijin(g) doesn't want to overplay its support of Pakista(n) and push India into the arms of US President Donald Trump.

noun [ C ] /ˈniː.oʊ.faɪt/ formal
someone who has recently become involved in an activity and is still learning about it

He (Imran Khan, Pakistani cricket star-turned prime minister) certainly is a neophyte, he has no experience as a national leader, he’s been a politician for a number of years but hasn’t been in a position of national power.

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