英语咬文嚼字: infodemic, FONOPS, cast off, buck, full-throated, dynamo

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英语咬文嚼字 The Crazy Logophile

infodemic
/ˌinfəˈdemik/ noun: infodemic; plural noun: infodemics
a surfeit of information about a problem that is viewed as being a detriment to its solution.
信息疫情: 指过多的信息(有的正确,有的错误)导致人们难于发现值得信任的信息来源、可靠的指导,这些信息甚至可能对人们的健康产生危害。认识、理解和控制“信息疫情”,有助于人们对疾病疫情的响应。

Conspiracy theories and fake news: Fighting the Covid-19 ‘infodemic’. Disinformation and conspiracy theories surrounding the global coronavirus pandemic have flooded the internet – often with an additional nudge from world leaders and celebrities – presenting a challenge for health authorities, social media platforms, journalists, fact-checkers and concerned citizens worldwide. (.france24.com)

FONOPS 航行自由行动
freedom of navigation operations; Freedom of Navigation Operations (FONOPs) are one of the principal tools by which the United States challenges maritime claims deemed excessive under international law.

Fed Up With FONOPS: China ‘Expels’ US Warship From South China Sea, Urges Focus on COVID-19. In an echo of rhetoric deployed against Beijing for months, Chinese warships drove a US Navy destroyer out of contested waters, urging Washington to focus on combating the COVID-19 outbreak that has killed more than 50,000 Americans. (Sputnik)

cast off
— phrasal verb with cast verb
If you cast off something, you get rid of it because it is no longer necessary or useful to you, or because it is harmful to you.
如果你 cast off 某样东西,你想摆脱它,因为它对你来说不再是必要的或有用的,或者因为它对你有害;摒弃;取消

French MPs back prime minister's plan to cast off coronavirus lockdown. France’s Assemblée nationale on Tuesday backed prime minister Edouard Philippe’s vision for the country to emerge from a two-month lockdown caused by the coronavirus pandemic. (RFI)

buck
verb: oppose or resist (something that seems oppressive or inevitable).
"the shares bucked the market trend" 抵制; 反抗

President Trump has been floating the idea — and McConnell is moving early to crush it and more generally, encouraging Republican senators to buck the president's freewheeling spending ideas. (Axios)

full-throated
adjective
The definition of full-throated is having a full, rich sound. When you scream with all of the power you have, this is an example of a scream that would be described as full-throated ; (figuratively) showing strong feelings; Expressed loudly or vigorously.
声音宏亮的,高声喧嚷的;(比喻地)表示强烈的感情;大声地或有力地表达。

Biden, 77, has emerged as the presumptive nominee after his only remaining rival Bernie Sanders gave him a full-throated endorsement earlier this month. The obvious explanation for Clinton's tweets is that she intended to endorse Biden as well – which is exactly what happened once the event started. (RT)

dynamo
noun /ˈdaɪ.nə.moʊ/ plural dynamos
1. a machine for converting mechanical energy into electrical energy; a generator. 发电机
2. an extremely energetic person; an energetic force
精力充沛的人;活力,精力

Asian countries can be a ‘dynamo’ for the world and contribute to global development and economic growth in the future, according to Tan Sri Rafidah Aziz. The former international trade and industry minister said Asia had a huge market for goods and services, and was also a human resource provider. (thesundaily.my)

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