英语咬文嚼字: backup, on the cusp, turn the corner, moratorium, eviction, cite, resplendent, ventilator

 admin   2020-03-16 22:47   90 人阅读  0 条评论
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英语咬文嚼字 The Crazy Logophile

backup
a traffic jam or tailback usually caused by something blocking the road
The accident caused a backup on the freeway.
a traffic backup on the Bay Bridge
人员拥挤长龙队伍; 车辆长队,长龙

A flurry of images on Saturday showed passengers squeezed together and waiting to get through US customs, after returning from overseas. Passengers shared stories of hours-long backups, inconsistent screenings, and waiting shoulder-to-shoulder to be processed through. 

on the cusp
phrase
If you say that someone or something is on the cusp, you mean they are between two states, or are about to be in a particular state.
I am sitting on the cusp of middle age. [+ of]
Mr Short's behaviour is only on the cusp of acceptability.
处于.....两种状态;处于......的状态

Wait times have since decreased. But as the Trump administration remedies the issues raised over the weekend, it's on the cusp of putting in place more restrictions that could also sow confusion.

turn the corner
If a situation turns the corner, it starts to improve after a difficult period.
好转;渡过难关
After nine months of poor sales we've finally turned the corner. 经历了9个月的滞销后,我们的境况终于有了好转。

Among the new recommendations: Over the next half month, Americans should not gather in groups of more than 10 people, schooling should be at home and discretionary travel and social visits should be avoided. If anyone in a household tests positive for the virus, everyone who lives there should stay home. The administration did not say how old people should be to follow the advice to stay home.

“We will rally together as one nation and we will defeat the virus,” Trump said. “We can turn the corner and turn it quickly.” (AP March 1)

moratorium
noun [ C ] formal /ˌmɔːr.əˈtɔːr.i.əm/
plural moratoriums or moratoria
a stopping of an activity for an agreed amount of time
暂停,中止
a five-year worldwide moratorium on nuclear weapons testing 世界范围内为期5年的暂停核武器试验 (Cambridge)

Over the past week, Durkan placed a temporary moratorium on residential evictions. Durkan also announced a relief package that included "deferred business taxes and a stabilization fund," according to the statement. (CNN March 16, 2020)

eviction
noun [ C or U ] /ɪˈvɪk.ʃən/
the act of forcing someone to leave somewhere, especially their home:
After falling behind with his mortgage payments he now faces eviction from his home; Eviction is the act or process of officially forcing someone to leave a house or piece of land.
In this economically depressed area, evictions are common.
官方强迫某人离开房子或土地的行为或过程

Someone trying to survive in the Bay Area with a minimum-wage job probably can’t pay rent if they miss one paycheck. But as people increasingly avoid public places because of the new coronavirus, workers (especially those who work for tips) are losing money quickly. And if anyone becomes sick, they’ll be forced to miss work for 14 days of quarantine. If schools close, parents will also miss work. The entire environment is making it more likely that some people may not have enough money to pay essential bills. So in San Jose, the city council voted today to begin work on a plan to temporarily ban evictions due to the epidemic. (CNN March 16, 2020)

cite
verb law specialized
to officially name or mention someone or something in a law court, or to officially request someone to appear in a court of law
援引;传唤,传讯
The lawyer cited two similar cases. 律师援引了两个类似的案例。
He has been cited as the co-respondent in the divorce case. 他作为这起离婚案的共同被告被传讯。

The Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department is directing local agencies to cite and release everyone they can. Authorities are being directed to seek medical attention first for anyone showing symptoms before booking them, the sheriff said.

resplendent
adjective literary /rɪˈsplen.dənt/
having a very bright or beautiful appearance
辉煌的;灿烂的;华丽的
the queen's resplendent purple robes 女王华贵的紫袍
I saw Anna at the other end of the room, resplendent in a red cocktail dress. 我看到安娜在房间的另一头,身穿红色晚礼服,光彩照人。(Cambridge)

The expansive guidelines were issued on a day of fast-moving developments in a capital resplendent in cherry blossoms but awash in anxiety. (AP March 16, 2020)

ventilator 呼吸机

In the U.K., industry has been called upon to switch production to making ventilators, and in the United States, there's a state of national emergency. Donald Trump, however, has tested negative for the virus.

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