英语咬文嚼字:lend, gut punch, hemorrhage, rout, patchwork

 admin   2020-03-13 10:27   80 人阅读  0 条评论
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英语咬文嚼字 The Crazy Logophile

lend
verb
If something lends a particular quality to something else, it adds that quality to it.
增添,添加
[ + two objects ] Vases of flowers all around the room lent the place a cheerful look/lent a cheerful look to the place. 几瓶花给这个房间增添了一些欢乐的气氛。
These events lend support to the view that the law is inadequate. 这些事件进一步证明了法律还不健全的观点。

The coronavirus pandemic has lent a surreal quality to the lives of hundreds of millions of people around the globe. It has disrupted daily routines, overwhelmed hospitals, shuttered schools and offices and halted many sporting and entertainment events. If that weren’t enough, many are also forced to grapple with fears about the financial toll, from lost jobs and businesses to shrinking retirement accounts.

rout
verb & noun /raʊt/
to defeat an enemy completely and force them to run away
击溃,使彻底溃败, 溃败,彻底失败

Wall Street regains its footing after biggest rout since 1987. Stocks rallied on Friday, recovering some ground after a historic rout that sent shares spiraling into their steepest decline since 1987. Investors are hopeful for a stimulus package that could give businesses and consumers some relief from the impact of the coronavirus.

gut punch / gut-punch
A punch to the gut (or sometimes called gut-punch or emotional gut punch) is pretty much synonymous with something that is gut-wrenching, which is easier to find in dictionaries. Collins says that gut-wrenching events or experiences make you feel very sad or upset.
令人揪心的东西的,揪心的事件或经历会让你感到非常悲伤或不安。

By Friday, school closures and event cancellations in the U.S. and Europe were mounting so fast it was difficult to keep track — a sign that more political leaders are swallowing the bitter pill being forced on them by health experts: Take the economic gut punch and do everything possible to slow the spread of the virus now, or pay a higher price later. (CBS)

hemorrhage
noun [ C ], verb [ I ] /ˈhem.ɚ.ɪdʒ/
US spelling of haemorrhage
1. (of a person) suffer a hemorrhage.
大出血(haemorrhage的美式拼写)
2. expend (money) in large amounts in a seemingly uncontrollable manner. 以一种似乎无法控制的方式花费(金钱)。

While more than half of the roughly 128,000 people who've caught the virus worldwide have already recovered, the toll in human lives and dollars is already staggering, and expected to get much worse before it gets better. More than 4,700 people have died, including 42 in the U.S. Economists warn the world could be headed for a recession and global stock markets have already hemorrhaged some $16 trillion in value.

patchwork
a mixture of different things
拼缀物,拼凑的东西,杂烩

From nationwide lockdowns to school shutdowns, European authorities are creating a patchwork of measures to stop or slow down the coronavirus. Here's a roundup of the latest measures the 27 EU countries and the U.K. have taken so far in response to the pandemic — from the most to the least affected countries — according to publicly available information from national authorities and media reports.

social disruption 社会混乱

Kerkhove addressed this nuance tonight during CNN's coronavirus town hall which was prompted by a question from Dr. Sanjay Gupta on how countries can strike a balance between protecting health and minimizing social disruption and respecting human rights. (CNBC)

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