英语文学词汇: taciturn, suave, supple, quagmire, soliloquize, felicitous, pertinacious

 admin   2020-10-28 22:42   84 人阅读  0 条评论
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英语文学词汇 Literature Terms

从2020年9月1日开始,英语文学词汇开始咀嚼《伤残的树》(The Crippled Tree)一书的用词。《伤残的树》是英籍女作家韩素音自传之一。写她的中国父亲在欧洲留学时与她比利时母亲恋爱结合的故事,以及她在童年时期的生活见闻。

韩素音的英文造诣在当代英美文坛堪称一流,其精美、清丽、雅洁的文笔早在西方评论界获得公认。韩素音英语用词精确,其形容词、名词和动词千变万化。每期罗列10个用词和解释, 并附上原文句子。

131. taciturn adjective /ˈtæs.ə.tɝːn/
taciturnity noun
(of a person) reserved or uncommunicative in speech; saying little; tending not to speak much 沉默寡言的

How much this nourishing, kindly Great River of words, questioning, weighing, philosophizing, groping for knowledge, imparted solace, repaired the so deep maim to my emotions of of Father's taciturnity, how much it did heal me ,...( Page 77)

132. suave
adjective /swɑːv/
charming, confident, and elegant (typically used of a man); smoothly though often superficially gracious and sophisticated
(男子)迷人,自信,优雅,文绉绉的, 文气,

They do not want laudation, suave as a mountain stream. They want the truth, within that immense continuum which is China. ( Page 77)

133. supple
adjective /ˈsʌp.əl/
bending and moving easily and gracefully; flexible; bending or able to be bent easily; not stiff
轻松优雅地弯曲和移动; 灵活的; 容易弯曲的;不僵硬

Third Uncle was more supple, more teachable. "We needed a revolution. Now at last our country is our own, we have thrown out all exploiters. No one will shit on our heads. ( Page 78)

134. rummage
verb [ I + adv/prep ]/ˈrʌm.ɪdʒ/
search unsystematically and untidily through a mass or receptacle
翻找,翻寻,乱翻

And so he rummages in his packed bookshelves, searching for letters and photographs or anything else which I may need. ( Page 78)

135. ghoul
noun [ C ]/ɡuːl/
1) a legendary evil being that robs graves and feeds on corpses
食尸鬼
2) one who shows morbid interest in things considered shocking or repulsive
从死亡(或恐怖事物)中取乐的人


Third Uncle snorts. "The Germans say it to blind us. All of them are the same. All foreigners , ghouls, vampires, waiting to suck our blood." (Page 78)

136. quagmire
noun [ C ]& verb /ˈkwæɡ.maɪr/
A quagmire is a dangerous place, like the muddy shoreline of a pond. Because it's so hard to climb out of a quagmire, the word has also come to also mean any difficult or sticky situation you find yourself in.
沼泽地,泥潭; 陷入沼泽地,泥潭

...she was not quagmired in the rigidity of a moral code, nor handicapped by the perpetuation of a proud historic past of three milleniums...(Page 80)

137. soliloquize
verb /səˈliləˌkwīz/
speak one's thoughts aloud when by oneself or regardless of any hearers; utter a soliloquy.
独白,戏中的角色对自己或观众说的话

But it is of any use to soliloquize on what might have been? I don't believe it could be different. The last thing the West wanted was a strong China. ( Page 80)

138. felicitous
adjective /fəˈlɪs.ə.t̬əs/
suitable or right and expressing well the intended thought or feeling
贴切的;恰当的;得体的; 恰如其分

Treading the mud, treading the wheel, planting and ploughing and manuring, bent over the earth in constant service, as if they owed it to the fat earth basking in its dampness; but to us this terrible toil was part of the landscape, almost its due, at least to us we lounged about, looking for a felicitous phrase. ( Page 89)

139. pertinacious
adjective /ˌpɝː.tənˈeɪ.ʃəs/
very determined and refusing to be defeated by problems
坚决的;坚忍不拔的;顽强的

Beggars dragged their sores and drowned our talk in sing-song lamentations; wizened children somersaulted and twisted their heads backwards between their feet among tables, shooed away they returned, pertinacious as flies, hungry and mangy like the dogs about our feet with which they fought for scraps. ( Page 93)

140. matriculation
noun /məˌtrikyəˈlāSH(ə)n/
Matriculation is the formal process of entering a university, or of becoming eligible to enter by fulfilling certain academic requirements such as a matriculation examination.
大学入学考试, (大学入学考试)而获得进入大学的资格。

In each brothel was a spy, to report on the scholars frequenting it, to ask the girl what had been said. And now that the city was filling with scholars come for the matriculation examination. ( Page 93)


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