英语政治和媒体词典: Super PAC

 admin   2019-10-26 15:26   394 人阅读  0 条评论
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英语政治和媒体词典

英语政治和媒体词典 Dictionary of Politics & Media

Super PAC

Super PAC 指Political action committee, 即”超级政治行动委员会“。

关于美国总统大选,为了防止富豪左右、金钱操纵选举的危险,美国制定了一系列法律,以期避免权钱交易的规模失控。联邦选举委员会(FEC)对竞选的募捐活动设置很多限制,如规定只有美国人才能向总统候选人捐款,每年只能向每位候选人捐款数额最多不得超过2500美元等。联邦选举委员会(FEC)也会定期发布报告更新捐款总额,并对200美元以上的捐款做详细分类。

但是,2010年,美国最高法院在公民联合案中宣布公司开支禁令违宪, 认为政治捐助是言论自由的一种表达方式,并暗示公司可以给予无限制地用于其他群体的支出,只要支出独立于受支持的候选人。

伴随这一判决,旨在为竞选融资的众多super Pac "超级政治行动委员会"应运而生,从而为竞选财政打开了缺口,也使得大财团间接干预选举成了可能。大公司有自己的super Pac。虽然Super PAC 不能直接给候选人资金, 但可以间接的给候选人打广告等。 

Citations
Former Vice President Joe Biden’s campaign released a wink-and-nudge to deep-pocketed supporters that he wouldn’t disavow a super PAC supporting his candidacy, a major turn in the race as he lags behind several opponents in fundraising.

Biden’s campaign more-or-less embraced a super PAC swooping in on his behalf on Thursday, which could mark a turn in the Democratic primary as he falls behind several other competitors in the money race.
----Politico By ZACH MONTELLARO 10/25/2019

Super PACs — lightly regulated political committees that may raise and spend unlimited amounts of money to support or oppose political candidates — are Sanders scourges. “I do not have a super PAC, and I do not want a super PAC,” he declared to cheers after trouncing Clinton in the 2016 New Hampshire primary.

One catch: Sanders can’t control whether super PACs, which are legally separate entities from candidates’ campaign committees, support him. And Sanders indeed received some super PAC support during his 2016 bid, most of it from National Nurses United, which spent almost $4.8 million on pro-Sanders ads and communications.
---publicintegrity.org by Dave Levinthal Feb 19, 2019

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备注:“南外”系指“解放军南京外国语学院”,现为解放军国际关系学院

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