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We had an absolutely perfect day with our tour guide - Rogin Luo - who took us for a hike along The Great Wall! Didn't know what to expect and were thrilled to have him as our guide. Very imformative, knowledgable and fun! We go to experience a part of The Great Wall that was unrestored and see all its natural beauty. Got a long history lesson along the way!

After the hike, we all went to lunch at a small place at the bottom of the hill. Located in a house, we ate lunch in the proprietors bedroom! What a hoot! Rogin is the Best of the Best! This tour company delivered for us and we are extremely grateful.

Westborough, Massachusetts
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Home  »  China Travel Guide  »  Xi'an Culture  »  Xi'an Traditional Drama  »  
Guangguang Opera

Guangguang opera(桄桄戏) is also called Han tune Guangguang. It is one of the Han Bangzi opera, which was integrated by Qinqiang opera and Hanzhong dialect and folk songs since the end of Ming Dynasty. Guangguang opera mainly spread in northern Shaanxi, such as Hanzhong and Ankang. Guangguang opera has rich lists of opera and it has more than 700 traditional lists.

When the Qinqiang opera spread to Hanzhong area, it fused and integrated with local custom, voice and folk music, formed Bangzi opera with the cultural characteristics of upstream of Han River. It can be divided into East Road School and West Road School. The music scale of Guanguang Opera is comprehensive seven-note scale.

Guangguang opera was quite prosperous from 1563 to 1620 (the years of Ming Emperor Wanli). So it was presumed that the opera has a history of more than 500 years. And it has formed the following features:
First, the compatibility of communication integration. Guangguang opera was based on the integration of Qinqiang opera, and absorbed strong points of Handiao Erhuang, Sichuan opera and Kunqu opera, thus demonstrated the combination of regional culture and the artistic features of the transition from each other.
Second, profound mass character. There were 6 type of drama, more than 2000 lists of drama and Guangguang opera has more than 1500 traditional lists of drama.
Third, widely circulated. During the uprising in the end of Ming Dynasty, the army theatrical troupe had spread Guangguang opera to Yangzte River basin and southwest frontier. Many Guangguang theatrical troupe not only performed in Hanzhong, but also in Ankang, northern Sichuan, southeast Gansu, northern Hubei, Guangdong and Guangxi provinces, Yunnan, Guizhou and Tibet.
Fourth, abundance of traditional drama list. The Banqiang drama is an integrity.
Fifth, uniqueness till now. By the end of 2006, only Nanzheng County Guangguang troupe remains in the whole country, thus making it a rare genre in Chinese drama garden.

The long history of Guangguang drama has important academic value for researching Chinese opera origin, trend and evolution. The rich content of Guangguang opera has important documents value for studying Chinese opera literature. In 2006, Guangguang opera was included in the first batch of national intangible heritage list. 

Add on: Meihu Drama
              Zhouzhi Chant
              Guanzhong Chant
              Qinqiang Opera



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