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We had an absolutely perfect day with our tour guide - Rogin Luo - who took us for a hike along The Great Wall! Didn't know what to expect and were thrilled to have him as our guide. Very imformative, knowledgable and fun! We go to experience a part of The Great Wall that was unrestored and see all its natural beauty. Got a long history lesson along the way!

After the hike, we all went to lunch at a small place at the bottom of the hill. Located in a house, we ate lunch in the proprietors bedroom! What a hoot! Rogin is the Best of the Best! This tour company delivered for us and we are extremely grateful.

Westborough, Massachusetts
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Home  »  China Travel Guide  »  Chinese Culture  »  Religion and Beliefs  »  Taoism

Taoism is China's indigenous religion, "morality" as the highest faith. Based on Huang and Tao thinking theory, ancient Chinese Taoist spirits worship derived since the formation of the Warring States Period. In Eastern Han Dynasty, a large number of Taoist organizations emerged and the notable ones were Peace Taoism League and Five Bushels of Rice League. The ancestral Taoist master Zhang Daoling officially founded Taoism organization which had a history of over 1800 years. Taoism is polytheism and the god worshiped by Taoists are enshrined the reflection of "Tao" personification. Taoist priests are clerics and the number of priests nationwide is 3 million. Taoist Temple is a place for Taoism activities. The registration temples within the country reaches more than two thousand.

Taoism Overview
Taoism, originated in ancient mystical side of local Chinese Spring and Autumn, is a worship of many gods of polytheism native religious form. The main purpose is the pursuit of immortality, immortal, saving the world. It plays an important role in ancient traditional Chinese culture and in the modern world, Taoism are actively developing. While Taoism is the one form from the Warring States era philosophers, Taoism was gradually deified. Until the late Han Dynasty, Taoism organization began to emerge. Yizhou (now Sichuan) of Taoism enshrined and worshipped as the very high lord. In Northern and Southern Dynasties, Taoist religion gradually improved. Lao Tsu whose original name was Li Er (the very high lord) is the patriarch of Tang Shi Tang Dynasty.

"Morality" is the highest belief in the Taoism and the "Morality" is primitive metaplasia of all things. In traditional Chinese culture, Taoism and Confucianism and Buddhism together occupy a dominant position in the theories and practices related to seek ways to become gods.

Now academia Taoist refers to on the basis of the ancient Chinese religious beliefs, inherited the mystical side, Huang - Lao folk gods, and most religious ideas and beliefs self-cultivation methods, and gradually formed "Morality" as the highest faith. The very high lord was primarily regarded as its leader, and Lao Tzu's "Tao Te Ching" as its classic.

The Founder of Taoism
Lao Tsu is the founder of Taoism and his name is Li Er. He mainly lived from 571 BC to 471 BC. He was a great philosopher and thinker, founder of the Taoist school in ancient China and he was posthumously named the ancestor of Li by the king of Tang Dynasty. Lao Tsu is the world cultural celebrity, one of the world's one hundred historical figures. The essence of his work is simple dialectics and advocates inaction. His doctrine has a profound impact on the development of Chinese philosophy. In Taoism, Taoist I revered ancestor.

Lao Tsu tried to create a universe encompasses theory. Lao Tsu think all things to follow such a law (morality): the inside of a thing itself is not a single and static, but its relative complex and varying. The thing itself that is the unity of yin and yang. Conflicting things will be converted to each other, that is, the conversion of yin and yang. Methods come from the law of things. Lao Tsu's "inaction" is not the "inaction" for the purpose, but in "promising" for the purpose. Because according to the previously mentioned "morality", "inaction" translates as "promising." The genius of this idea is that, although not on the subjective interests to achieve the purpose, but they can better achieve the objective interests.

It should be noted that:
In fact, people live as if the universe exists, no one can rationally indicate its purpose.
Thus, non-ration choose a (more) aims to become the only option.
Lao Tsu was standing on the endless road high position of view.
So, Lao Tsu just said, "Method", but did not point out that "the purpose."
This gives us a revelation: why people reach for the deliberate purpose of pain. Inaction, happy is a free and unfettered way for life method.

The History of Taoism
In the middle of Warring States Period, the Qi Country came on to worship Yellow Emperor and Taoism. In the early times of Western Han Dynasty, the governor carried out the “inaction”policy of Lao Tsu ehus had made a prosperous society. After Emperor Wu of Han Dynasty, Taoism became popular among the people and Taoism became a religious organization rather than a political belief.

In Wei and Jin Dynasties, Taoism were divided into the upper-level Taoism and the lower-level Taoism. The prevailing of theories of mystery promoted the development of Taoism theory. In the period of Emperor Taiwu of Northern Wei, the first to be recognized by the emperor in feudal history- Kou Qianzhi remolded the Taoism in Taoism. Taoism became the state religion of the Northern Wei Dynasty.

The Sui Dynasty attach equal importance to Buddhism and Taoism. The Emperor Wen of Sui used “Kai Huang” which is a word in Taoism as his reign title. Sui Dynasty is a turning point in the development of Taoism. Lao Tsu was respected as the ancestors of the Tang Dynasty and Taoism was regarded as the state religion. The Tang Dynasty took great measures to improve the status of Taoism. Ming emperors have taken a respected Taoist attitude. Taizu of Ming respected town god and land and had built thousands of Town's God Temple and the Earth Temple throughout the country.

Add on: Buddhism



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