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We had an absolutely perfect day with our tour guide - Rogin Luo - who took us for a hike along The Great Wall! Didn't know what to expect and were thrilled to have him as our guide. Very imformative, knowledgable and fun! We go to experience a part of The Great Wall that was unrestored and see all its natural beauty. Got a long history lesson along the way!

After the hike, we all went to lunch at a small place at the bottom of the hill. Located in a house, we ate lunch in the proprietors bedroom! What a hoot! Rogin is the Best of the Best! This tour company delivered for us and we are extremely grateful.

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Home  »  China Travel Guide  »  Chinese Culture  »  Chinese Literatures  »  Song Poems
Song Poems

Song Poems is a new form of poetry and it is a Chinese literary genre popular in the Song Dynasty, marking the highest achievement of the Song Dynasty Literature. Song Poems sentences are long or short, easy to sing. Due to be the lyrics, it is also known song word, verse, music, Short Sentence, Shi Yu, and so on. Song Poems began to develop in Tang Dynasty, stereotyped in the Five Dynasties, and finally formed in Song Dynasty. Song Poems is a so brilliant pearl on the crown of the ancient Han Chinese culture. In ancient Han literature, she is a beautiful fragrant garden. The main representatives of Song Poems are Su Shi (Unconstrained Ci School), Liu Yong (graceful and restrained Ci School), Lu You, and Li Qingzhao.

Development History
Song Words originated from the Han folk songs, vulgar is its natural tendency. Due to a large number of Dunhuang Grottoes "song word" was rediscovered, the popular view of the Song Poems comes from the Han folk literature has been widely recognized. When occurred in Sui and Tang, originally used to coordinate with a new musical - "Yan Music" sing. "Yan" links "feast", Yan Music was to add the fun of popular music to banquets. Songs and music by key underlying culture is not high quality musicians and singing girls. There are two main ways of the resource and tones of Yan Music: First, the minority from the frontier or Outland. Tang influx of Western music, called "Hu Department," which changed after the Chinese name of the song. Second, from Han folk songs. Many of the songs is the original folk songs in Tang Dynasty.

The two main sources of Yan song tone, laid Yan Music vulgar simple literary characteristics. Lyrics in concert and the spreading process, as well as play its entertainment function, are more stable characteristics of this literary creation. Congenital vulgar lyrics feature and orthodox aesthetic traditions in mind differs. Traditional education writer accepted the majority of the lyrics, historical and social subtle aesthetic ideas all consciously or unconsciously, to play a role in their literary creation. Trying to get rid of vulgar, returning to the right path of elegance, the word has become urgent and relentless pursuit of people.

Song Poems has appeared in the Tang dynasty, originally popular in the Han folks. From Five Dynasties to the Song Dynasty, Song Poems has been greatly developed. Song Poems became a major literary form. Song Poems mainly to describe love and emotional feelings. Song themes focused on grieve over the passing of spring or feel sad with the advent of autumn, parting and homesickness, wind, flower, snow and moon -- romantic themes, modern love, etc., and "erotic" has a direct or indirect relationship.

Su Shi should be said to be the literati who laid the tradition final word lyric, and some people think that this is precisely the downhill start of historical development, Song Poems just keep focused on landscapes, or Song to show one's high ideals.

Important Figure
Su Shi
Song writer who has outstanding contributions to the development of the Song Poems. Expanded coverage of the word, focused expression of thoughts and feelings bold, forceful depicting spectacular scenery, has a great impact on future generations.

Xin Qiji
Patriotic poet, Xin Qiji used diverse artistic styles. There are more than 600 existing works. It seeks to restore national unity and describe the word patriotism, talk aspirations blighted grief, a lot of humiliation summing condemnation to those in power at that time.

Li Qingchao
She is the representative of graceful and restrained Ci School and she was said to be the first talented woman in Chinese history.

Schools of Song Poems
Graceful and Restrained Ci School
Graceful and Restrained Ci School features: its content focuses mainly on the lasting affection of boys and girls. It has deep fine structure, pay attention to the harmonic wan temperament, language sleek. The words are beautiful and fresh which have a soften beauty. The contents of Graceful and Restrained Ci School is relatively narrow. As a long term tends reverberates and mellow, people formed a graceful authentic concept. Representative: Liu Yong, Yan Shu, Yan Jidao, Liu Yong, Li Qingzhao, Qin Guan, Jiang Kui, Wu Wenying, Li Yu, Ouyang Xiu and so on.

Unconstrained Ci School
Unconstrained Ci School characteristics is generally to create a wider field of vision. Poets like to use to the way with poetry, syntax and word-law to write the lyrics. The allusion is more informal with defensive temperament. Huang Tingjian, Chao Bu and He Zhu all had this kind of style of work. When the poets crossing north to south, because of age changes, the tragic generous pitched tone, should be transported development, has become common practice. Xin Qiji even became creative generation giant bold words and leaders.

Add on: The Book of Songs
               The Song of Chu
               Tang Poetry



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