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We had an absolutely perfect day with our tour guide - Rogin Luo - who took us for a hike along The Great Wall! Didn't know what to expect and were thrilled to have him as our guide. Very imformative, knowledgable and fun! We go to experience a part of The Great Wall that was unrestored and see all its natural beauty. Got a long history lesson along the way!

After the hike, we all went to lunch at a small place at the bottom of the hill. Located in a house, we ate lunch in the proprietors bedroom! What a hoot! Rogin is the Best of the Best! This tour company delivered for us and we are extremely grateful.

Westborough, Massachusetts
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Home  »  China Travel Guide  »  Chinese Culture  »  Chinese Handicrafts  »  Batik

Batik is a traditional skill pass on through generations among the Miao nationality in Danzhai County, Anshun County and Zhijin County in Guizhou Province. Danzhai County, Anshun County and Zhijin County is Miao as the main multi-ethnic neighborhoods. In the long-term isolation of hard environment, the residents here gradually formed a self-sufficient way of life and the ancient art of batik was retained. By Miao nationality customs, all women are obliged to inherit batik skills. Every mother must teach their daughters to make batik. Miao women learn the skills at an early age so that they themselves plant indigo cotton, spinning and weaving, paint wax, dip dyeing and tailor, from generation to generation. In this case, these Miao neighborhood formed a batik art oriented clothing attire, marriage festival rituals, social way, funeral customs and other cultural ethos.

Miao batik is an art created for their own needs and its products are mainly for household items, including women's clothing, bed sheets, quilt cover, the burden of cloth, turban, backpacks, bags, straps, funeral burial and so on.

Batik invention is on the basis of people’s understanding and duplicate use of material properties, and the need to have a certain technical conditions and environmental factors. So it is produced and developed under certain material conditions and cultural backgrounds. Batik is based on people's clothing beautification needs in human civilization and progress to a certain extent. It is based on a variety of dyeing processes carried out. The time batik matured therefore should be produced after the maturation of spinning, printing and drawing. From raw material point of view, there are no special fabric requirements for batik, cotton, linen, silk, wool fabric can be adopted. Resist materials are also not confined in a particular species, animal and plant wax can be used. Usually, batik will choose resin and beeswax.

Technological Process of Batik
Before wax printing, Miao women need to bleach and wash the cloth produced by themselves by pulverin. Then pinch boiled taro into paste and paint it on the back of the cloth. Dry the cloth in the sun and then use an ox horn to rub down and polish the cloth. A slab stone is a natural mill ironing station.

Put the white cloth on the board or on the desktop and put the beeswax on the ceramic bowl or metal pot. Use a brazier of charcoal gray or bran shell fire to melt the wax, you can use copper knife dipped in wax. The first step of painting is to run location. Some areas are determined large contours according to the pattern paper cut, and then draw the various design patterns. After drawing the broad outlines, it can be handy to draw a variety of beautiful patterns.

Dip method is to put a painted wax on indigo dye vat. Generally every cloth needs to soak for five or six days. After soaking and drying out for the first time, you will get a light blue cloth. Then soak it a few times, it would show dark blue. If the depth of the two-color pattern needs to appear on the same fabric, then after the first soaking, and then point wax to paint flowers at the light blue. Then the dyed pattern would emerge in two shades. When the wax-scale dip into the vat, some "wax seal" split folding because of damage, so they produce a natural crack, generally known as "ice profiling." This "ice profiling" batik patterns tend to make more rich layers which has a natural and unique flavor.

After washing with water and then boil to diminish the wax, after rinsing, the fabric will show a blue and white pattern.

Maintenance Methods
First, as the raw material is cotton batik cloth, its maintenance should pay attention to moisture, corrosion, avoid mildew. If you buy it for a collection rather than decorative, periodically dry it in the sun.

Second, batik can always use water to clean, but do not use detergent to avoid fade during the process of washing; not available machine washable. After washing, batik products can be ironed.

Third, the batik products can be framed as needed. As it is made with 100% cotton cloth, so it is an excellent choice for clothing, quilt and bed sheets. If used properly, it will make your home or office presents another round of fun.

Fourth, the batik in the collection and maintenance process should be placed in a clean and neat, environment, and shall be cleaned regularly.

Add on: Papper Cutting
                Clay Figurine
               Chinese Sugar painting
               Chinese Embroidery
               Dough modelling
               Chinese Pottery
                Wood Carving



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