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We had an absolutely perfect day with our tour guide - Rogin Luo - who took us for a hike along The Great Wall! Didn't know what to expect and were thrilled to have him as our guide. Very imformative, knowledgable and fun! We go to experience a part of The Great Wall that was unrestored and see all its natural beauty. Got a long history lesson along the way!

After the hike, we all went to lunch at a small place at the bottom of the hill. Located in a house, we ate lunch in the proprietors bedroom! What a hoot! Rogin is the Best of the Best! This tour company delivered for us and we are extremely grateful.

Westborough, Massachusetts
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The Terracotta Warriors and Horses

The terracotta warriors and horses (兵马俑) were discovered in funerary pits of tomb of Qin Shihuang, the first emperor of Qin (259-210B.C.). The mausoleum of Qin Shihuang is situated in Llintong District, about 35km east to Xian city, Shaanxi province. It has been found that 8,000 pieces of pottery figurines and horses as large as material projects. Different arms including vehicular soldiers, cavalryman, infantryman and so on are in orderly rows.

The terracotta warriors and horses are highly praised as the “eighth wonder of the world” and “one of the great discoveries of archaeological history of the twentieth century”. It has been reviewed as a golden card of China ancient magnificent culture. More than 200 state leaders visit it successively. In 1987, the mausoleum of Qin Shihuang was included in the world cultural heritage site by UNESCO.

According to the record of Historical Records, when Qin Shihuang ascended the throne at his age of 13, the Prime Minister Li Si managed to contrive the emperor’s mausoleum, which lasted for 39 years. The terracotta warriors and horses funerary pit is only one part of the whole mausoleum, about 1,500 meters east to the mausoleum. the funerary pit covers an area of 19,120 square meters as large as 500 football playgrounds.

General Introduction
The terracotta warriors and horses is the largest military museum of the underground in the world with unique structure and reasonable layout. There are three terracotta pits inside the tomb, arranged in a shape of Chinese character “品”.

Pit one
Pie one covers an area of 14,260 square meters in a shape of oblong with a length of 235 meters from east to west, a width of 62 meter from north to south and a height of 5 meters. More than 500 pieces of warriors, 6 chariots, 24 driving horses, as well as combated weapons and iron such as bronze sword, Wu hook, spear, arrow, crossbow, copper and bronze halberd are discovered in pit one. All of these terracotta warriors made up a large-scale battle array encompassing elite striker, strong main force and flexible wings.

210 Warrior figurines dressed in tabard arrayed in the east end of the tomb. Other 204 warriors, 68 per row, composed the full-back of the phalanx. In the middle of the pit, 38 chariots and infantrymen constitute the mains force. It was discovered on 29th, March, 1974 by some farmers digging water well. After considerable renovation, it was opened to the public on National Day, 1979.

Pit two
Pit two was discovered by accidently in 1976 by archaeologists when they were purposefully drilling pit one. Pit two, about 20 meters north from pit one is the essence of terracotta warriors’ pits. It helps to reveal the puzzle of ancient battle array. Comparing to pit one, the layout of pit two is more complicated and arms are more complete. The spectacular battle array consists of cavalryman, infantryman and war chariot.

The 17,000 square meter exhibition hall The 17,000 square-meter square exhibition displays 1,300 pieces of terracotta warriors and horses, over 80 war chariots and tens of thousands of bronze weapons. The whole battle array is divided into four parts. The first unit is made up of standing shoot warriors and kneeling down shoot warriors. The second unit, the southern part of the pit consists of horses and war chariot. The three unite is a square legion is mixed with war chariot, infantryman and cavalryman. The third unite at the north end is constructed with massive cavalryman.

Pit three
Pit three is opposite to pit two with an area of 520 square meters. The pit is in a shape of Chinese character “凹”, comprised of 68 terracotta warriors and horses. Pit three is the only one of the three than has not been burned, so these pottery figurines are more colorful.

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