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We had an absolutely perfect day with our tour guide - Rogin Luo - who took us for a hike along The Great Wall! Didn't know what to expect and were thrilled to have him as our guide. Very imformative, knowledgable and fun! We go to experience a part of The Great Wall that was unrestored and see all its natural beauty. Got a long history lesson along the way!

After the hike, we all went to lunch at a small place at the bottom of the hill. Located in a house, we ate lunch in the proprietors bedroom! What a hoot! Rogin is the Best of the Best! This tour company delivered for us and we are extremely grateful.

Westborough, Massachusetts
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Home  »  China Travel Guide  »  Chinese Culture  »  Chinese Architectures  »  Temples

The temple is one of the Chinese Buddhist architecture and it was originated in the Indian temple architecture. The temple began to flourish in China since the Northern Wei Dynasty. These buildings documented development and religious culture of the rise and fall of China's feudal society and had an important historical and artistic value.

Architectural Feature of Temples
Temples are buildings that Han Nationality worship heaven and earth, mountain and the god of the land and the god of grain and these kind of temples including the Temple of Heaven, the Temple of Earth, the Altar of the Sun, the Altar of the Moon, the Temple of Literature (such as the Confucius Temple), Wu Temple (such as Temple Of Guan Yu), Mount Tai Daiyue Temple, Mount Song Songyue Temple, the Imperial Ancestral Temple (Emperors’ Temple), as well as temples offering to the god of the land and the god of grain. These temples are fully reflected as an agricultural ethnic Han Chinese culture characteristics. The layout of the building temples and palaces constructed in line with the original structure, but slightly simplified system architecture, the colors are not used much gold.

Buddhist and Taoist temples architectural principles and layout are also different from the palace, but they are in a smaller scale and with their own religious in the decoration and interior decoration. Buddhist and Taoist temple built symmetrical Bell and Drum Tower; Buddhist stupa also built before the Buddha, the Buddha relic worship, Chinese is called "Buddha." Han craftsman used architecture technology of Chinese-style pavilion to build marble pagoda architectural style, known as Chinese-style tower with pagoda, including stone tower, brick tower, and wood tower and so on.

Architectural View of Temples
Chinese temples are just the opposite that it intends to blur the inner and outer space, pay attention to the mutual transformation of indoor and outdoor space. Hall, doors and windows, pavilions, corridors are open sides, forming a virtual or real, flexible or sluggish effect. The implication of the space changes confusion, which has deep links to China Heaven, yin and yang transformation cosmology.

Famous Temples
White Horse Temple
White Horse Temple was built in the Han Dynasty which is located in Luoyang, Henan Province and it was the first temple of China's official construction. White Horse Temple was rectangular, covering an area of 40,000 square meters. The construction of the White Horse Temple, effectively promoted the development of Buddhism in China and East Asia, Southeast Asia. Therefore, the White Horse Temple is still a holy land for many pilgrims.

After the completion of the White Horse Temple, the Buddhist influence in China was greatly developed and have had a great impact on people's thought and life. Since then, Buddhism spread from China to Vietnam, Korea and Japan and other countries, thus playing a role for Chinese and foreign cultures. Therefore, the White Horse Temple is known as the Buddhist "birthplace."

Hanging Temple
Hanging Temple located in Shanxi Province is a temple erected volley, showing great wisdom and skills of ancient craftsmen. Rely on unstable rock, overlooking the deep valley, Hanging Temple is extremely rare buildings. The temple is located 3.5 km south of the county, on the west side of the mountain, is the only existing Chinese built on a cliff timber-framed building. Hanging Temple was built in the Northern Wei Dynasty, in Tang, Jin, Ming and Qing dynasties were repaired. The entire building faces Hengshan Mountain, back on Cuiping Mountain, thus making it the first wonders in Hengshan Mountain.

Wutai Mountain
Wutai Mountain in Shanxi Province is one of China's famous Buddhist shrine. There are many Buddhist architectures on Wutai Mountain and 58 temples have preserved so far. Nanzen-ji Temple and Foguang Temple more famous Buddhist temples. Nanzen-ji Temple is small in size, 60 meters long from north to south, east-west width of 51.3 meters. It was built in the three years of Emperor Tang Jianzhong (AD 782) and it is now one of the earliest preserved wooden temple architecture in China. Foguang Temple was built in the eleven years of Emperor Tang Dazhong (AD 857), because the temple has "four distinctive features": statues, murals, ink and architecture, known as "the world's treasures." Foguang Temple is in the construction of a blend of architectural forms in different periods.

Yonghe Lama Temple
Yonghe Lama Temple is the largest Lamaism temple building an enormous scale in Beijing City. The first half layout is open and permeable. The glass arch is towering in the southernmost of the temple and the north of the arch is a road leading to Zhaotai Door while architecture are spread in the north of Zhaotai Door. The main buildings inside the Yonghe Lama Temple are Hall of Heavenly Kings, the main hall, the Ever-blessing Hall, Wanfu Club and so on. Wanfu Club is for the tallest building in the temple and the body of the building is majestic and unique while an 18-meter-high Buddha was inside the building.

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