Archive for the ‘Yan’an Travel’ Category

Yan’an Date Garden, the Site of the Former Offices CCP Secretariat

Thursday, March 29th, 2012
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If you are interested in Chinese revolutionary history of CCP, Yan’an is a must see destination, which is located about 400km north of Xian. Among the highlights in Yan’an, the Date Garden is an important place worth your time to explore. It was the site of the Former Offices CCP Secretariat from 1944 to March 1947.  
  
Date Garden, also known as Yan Garden, was the former manor of the Shanbei warlord – Gao Shuangcheng. After Land Reform Revelution, it was confiscated to the people. It was rebuilt and expanded from 1941 and completed in 1943. Over 20 cave houses and bungalow houses were built as well as one auditorium.
 
Date Garden was the site of the Former Offices CCP Secretariat from 1941 to March 1947. Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai, Liu Shaoqi, Zhude, Peng Dehuai, Ren Bishi and other top leaders of CCP, moved here from 1943.
 
From here Date Garden, in August 1945, Chairman Mao started his trip to Chongqing on a peace talk with Chiang Kaishek of the Nationalist Party or Guomingdang. In June 1946, Guomingdang waged a full civil war. In March 1947, the CCP Secretariat evacated from Yan’an after Guomingdang army attacked Yan’an. From then on, the CCP army went on a mobile fight till the founding of People’ Republic of China on Oct 01, 1949.
 
The Date Garden is located 8km in the northwest of Yan’an. You take Bus 8 and 13. Date Garden is free of charge.
 
The layout of Date Garden 

Sketch Map of Date Garden

 
This is the auditorium of the Central Party Secretariate 

This is the auditorium of the Central Party Secretariate

 
This is the office building of the Central Confidential Bureau. 

This is the office building of the Central Confidential Bureau.

 
This is the house of the Administration Department of the Central Committee of the Party 

This is the house of the Administration Department of the Central Committee of the Party

 
This is Mao Zedong’s cave houses with 5 cave rooms – a meeting room, an office, bedroom and asistants’ oom.

This is Mao Zedong's cave houses with 5 cave rooms

 
In 1945, Hurley went to Ya’an. Chairman Mao Zedong met him at the airport.

In 1945, Hurley went to Ya'an. Chairman Mao Zedong met him at the airport.

 
Mao Zedong, Zhude Colonel David Dave Barret of Observation Group of US Army 

Mao Zedong, Zhude Colonel David Dave Barret of Observation Group of US Army

 
Mao Zedong at work in his cave office in Date Garden 

Mao Zedong at work in his cave office in Date Garden

 
Zhude’s Cave House

Zhude's Cave House

 
Zhude’s bedroom 

Zhude's bedroom

 
Zhude’s office room 

Zhude's office room

 Again have a look at Date Garden

Again have a look at the Date Garden

Any questions on Date Garden, please drop a line.
 
 
 

How to Visit Huangdi Mausoleum

Thursday, March 15th, 2012
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If you travel from Xian to Hukou Waterfalls (400km), or Yan’an (also 400km), you may spend 2 or 3 hours for a extended trip to Huangdi Mausoleum, which is located in between, just 200km north of Xian.

There are many direct and indirect buses either from Xian Long-distance Bus Station or from Yan’an Long-distance Bus Station to Huangling County where Huangdi Mausoleum is located. The National Highway 210 passes along the foot of Mt.Qiaoshan where Huangdi’s tomb is nestled, from north, down the south and to the east.

For your bus ride, if Huangling County is not your bus’s final stop, most propablly your bus will not arrive at the Bus Station in Huangling County. Instead, you will be dropped by the roadside of the expressway close to Huangling County. If that is the case, you have to find a way out, taking a local private car or taxi from the expressway to Huangdi Mausoleum, 5km away.

If your bus’s final stop is Huangling County, then it is very convenient since the Bus Station of Huangling County is just 5 minutes’ walk to the ticket office to the Huangdi Mausoleum.

Huangdi, or Yellow Emperor is the legendary ancestor for all Chinese. His ancestral name is Gongsun and his given name Xuanyuan. It is said that He reigned from 2696–2598 BC. He is considered as the initiator of Chinese civilization – invented weapons, the wells and fields system; upper and lower garments, established palaces and houses, early Chinese astronomy, the Chinese calendar, math calculations, code of sound laws…

Entrance Fee
RMB 91 (April – Nov)
RMB 51 (December – March)
Opening hours
08:00 – 17:30
National Offering: each April 5

Follow me to visit Yellow Emperor’s Tomb. I take a local private car from the roadside of the expressway where I have been abandoned by the bus from Yan’an to Xian. I’m quite lucky to find a car parking for business. The car fare is RMB 15 for the 5km ride. Huangling County used to be a two-horse town, now mainly due to the site of Huangling Mausoleum, the town has been developing fast with many modern buildings. Its main street is quite long along the National Highway 207.

Now I’m entering Huangling County along the National Highway 210.

I am entering Huangling County

One section of the street (also national highway 210) in the town has been built in the style of the traditional Chinese architecture.

The street is built in the style of the traditional Chinese architecture

I ask my driver to take me to the bus station of Huangling County in order first to get myself familar with the buses going to Xian. Lots of buses run between Huangling County and Xian, no need for prebooking the bus ticket for Xian. After depositing my suitcase at the bus station, I walk towards to Mt.Qiaoshan in the north of Huangling County.
Huangling County Bus Station

Huangling County Bus Station

Walking from the bus station to the ticket office only takes me 5 minutes. The ticket office in the tourist service building in a traditional style, which also has a toilet and two shops well Huangdi related stuff.
The tourist service building (ticket)

The service building (ticket)

Xuanyuan Temple
Then I walk from the ticket office up to Xuanyuan Temple which is located at the foot of Mt.Qiaoshan. A concrete bridge spans a man made lake dug at its front. Walk across the bridge, continue to climb a dozens of steps before I reach the gate of Xuanyuan Temple. The mausoeum is divided into two parts: the Tomb Area and the Xuanyuan Temple.

The Gate of Xuanyuan Temple

The Gate of Xuanyuan Temple

In ancient time, to each mausoleum, there was a temple built for it. Huangdi Mausoleum too has a temple in the name of Xuanyuan, Huangdi’s given name. Basically visitors will first visit Xuanyuan Temple, then visit Huangdi’d tomb. Walking from Xuanyuan Temple to the tomb takes over one hour. So there is a electric bus service center, not far from Xuanyuan Temple for people to use the service for easy access to the tomb itself.

In the temple compound, there is an old cypress which was, according to historical records, planted by Huangdi, the Yellow Emperor. 

An old cypress planted by Huangdi, the Yellow Emperor.

Flanking the temple, there are two rows of tablets and stela from early days in the successive dynasties from Ming and Qing Dynasties, to the present days.

The steles descended from the emperors in Ming and Qing Dynasties.

The steles descended from the emperors in Ming and Qing Dynasties.

The tablets from leaders and nobilities at home and abroad in modern times.

The tablets from leaders and nobilities at home and abroad in modern times.

The hall enshrines the statue of Huangdi. People burn incense and pray before Huangdi’s Hall. The palacard hanging above reads “The founding ancestor of human civilization”.

The founding ancestor of human civilization

The founding ancestor of human civilization

Behind Huangdi’s Hall is a 2004 completed huge praying square used for holding a praying ceremony. It is said that the square can accommodate 100,000 people with a construction area of 13200 square meters. Each April 05 will see a huge ceremony going within Xuanyuan Temple.

2004 completed huge praying square

The tomb of Huangdi
To continue to visit the tomb of Huangdi, people have to backtrack at the end of Xuanyuan Temple here and exit from the temple. Then walk on the right hand. Soon you come to the electric bus terminal. For a small amount of money, RMB20, you will enjoy a round trip electri car ride. It takes you to the so called “second parking lot”, from which you still need to walk about 20 minutes before you get to the tomb of Huangdi. Don’t lose your ticket. At the entrance to the tomb, your ticket will be checked again.

Take an electric car to the second parking lot

Get off the car, you still need to have a over-20 minute’s walk climbing quite some stone steps up to the tomb. The view along the road is just terrific with numerous old cypresses welcoming you coming afar.

climbing quite some stone steps up to the tomb

climbing quite some stone steps up to the tomb

The stone or the tablet is called “Horse-Dismounting Stone”, in ancient times, everybody must dismount here and walk to the tomb area.

Horse-Dismounting Stone

According to historical records, after Emperor Wu (156 BC – 87 BC )of Han Dynasty was returning from a northern campaign against the Xiongnu, he and his troops stopped at the Mausoleum and made offerings.
Emperor Wu (156 BC – 87 BC ) of Han’s offering. This is the tomb of Huangdi, the place where the Yellow Emperor attained immortality and flew to heaven, leaving behind his clothing and cap to be entombed here.

This is the tomb of Huangdi

The tomb is 3.6 meters tall, 48 meters in circumference, and is surrounded by a brick wall.

The tomb is 3.6 meters tall, 48 meters in circumference

Any questions, just drop a line.

Yan’an Taxi: Yanan Taxi Fares, Tips and Phones

Wednesday, January 26th, 2011
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Yan’an is a Prefecture-level city in the Shanbei region of Shaanxi province in China, administering several counties, including Zhidan County, formerly Bao’an, which served as the Chinese communist capital before the city of Yan’an proper took that role.

 
Yanan Taxi Quantity
At the present time, Yanan has over 1,000 taxies operated several taxi companies in all shapes and sizes. Taking taxi is the most common and convenient way for transportation inside the city.
 
Taxi Models in Yanan
In Yanan street you can see taxies of Pusang, Santana2000, BYD, Jetta, Qirui, Ghillie, as well as QQ.
 
Yan’an Taxi Fares:
• RMB 5 for the flat-down fare
•RMB 1.2 for the extra kilometer
 
Yanan Taxi Company Bookings
If you need to book a taxi, please make the call as following which are the companies with the longest history in Yanan:
•Yanan Tongda Taxi Company               
•Yanan Shenzhou Taxi Company.             
•Yanan Yanyun Taxi Company                
 
Hailing a Yanan City Taxi
•The best places to hail a taxi is near the Station, the Airport, Bus stop, Scenic Spots, and Hotel
•It is very easy to hail a taxi on the streets.
 
Yanan Taxi rider’s rights
As a taxi rider, you have the rights below:
Direct drive to your destination and no compulsory car pooling
Go to any destination in and beyond Yanan
Your car driver knows the streets in Yanan and the way to major destinations in Yanan;
Your driver should know and abide by all traffic laws;
Air-conditioning on demand;
A radio-free trip;
No Smoking
A clean passenger seat area;
A clean trunk
A driver uses the horn only when necessary to warn of danger;
No Tip
 
Yan’an Taxi Stands
There is no taxi stands in Yanan. People always hail a taxi along the street anywhere they feel it is convenient and safe.
 
Yanan Taxi Complaints
If you have any problem with a taxi in Yanan, please contact the following:
•Yanan Taxi Complaining No.: 0911-2497000
 
Yan’an Taxi Useful Information
•Using a meter instead of bargaining with the cab driver
•Taxi rides within the city cost around 15 yuan
•Yanan Railway Station – Yanan City Center: RMB10