Xi'an has a long and profound history. People often say: two decades to see China is Shenzhen; one hundred years to see China is Shanghai; one a thousand years to see China is Beijing, while China five thousand years to see China is Xi'an. Xi'an and Athens, Rome, Cairo are called the world's four ancient capitals. From the 11th century BC to the 10th century or so, there have been 13 dynasties or regimes in Xi'an, capital and the establishment of the regime in Xi’an had lasted for 1100 years. So there is rich historical relics in Xi’an. In 1981, UNESCO determined Xi’an as the world's historic city.
Xi'an was called "Fenggao” in the Western Zhou Dynasty. It was a general term for Feng Jing and Gao Jing which was built by King Wen and Wu of Zhou respectively. To the Western Han Dynasty, Liu Bang made Guanzhong as the capital, take the local Chang'an Township of meaning, which meant "long-term stability."
From about the 11th century BC to the 9th century, Xi'an had been the political, economic and cultural center of ancient China. After the founding of People's Republic of China, Xi'an was the Shaanxi-Gansu-cities, cities of the Northwest Territories, the central municipalities. Since 1954, Xi’an has been the provincial capital of Shaanxi Province, now part of sub-provincial cities, the jurisdiction of which has nine districts and four counties.
As the cradle of Chinese civilization, Xi'an has a long history and cultural heritage. And it is one of the first batch of national historical and cultural city promulgated by People's Republic of China. In Xi'an Beilin, there is a Qing Dynasty stone tablet which records eight famous scenic spots in Xi’an. They are called eight scenic spots of Guanzhong.
Shaanxi Opera popular in Shaanxi and other northwest places, also known as "Bangzi". It is one of the four oldest Chinese opera tunes and it has richest and most massive tune system. Xi'an food culture is profound. As the representative of China's northwest diet, Xi'an snack is the most famous snack and the Muslim diet occupies a large proportion. Chang'an Painting School in Chinese painting originated in the Han Dynasty; Guanzhong shadow play originated from the Western Zhou Dynasty and Shaanxi puppetry with rich color in Xi'an Huxian County are all an important and indispensable part of Chinese culture.
Xi'an Traditional Food
Xi'an Traditional Drama
Xi'an Folk Music
Xi'an Folk Arts and Handicrafts
Xi'an Folk Sports
Xi"an Folk Literature
Xi'an Traditional Medicine
Xi'an Time-honored Brand