Tibet Travel GuideLocation: Tibet(西藏), abbreviated to "藏". It is located in the southwest of Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau in China. The capital city of Tibet is Lhasa.
Area: 1,228,400 square kilometers
Nationalities: Zang and Han
History: In the early 7th century, the powerful Tang Dynasty was established in the Central Plains region, ending more than 300 years of confusion and split situation in mainland China. At the same time, the Tubo Dynasty was established in Tibet region.
The Tibetan King Srongtsen Gampo admired Chinese Civilization and he wanted to have connections with the Tang Dynasty through marriages. Fifteen years of the Tang Dynasty Zhenguan Period (641 AD), Emperor of the Tibet married Princess Wencheng. As the Princess Wencheng went to Tibet, closedtheireconomic and cultural exchanges, enhanced the friendly relations between the Tang Dynasty and Tibet.
In 1271, Tibet was directly under the jurisdiction of the central Yuan Government. In 1644, the Qing Dynasty unified China and The Tibet region was in the charge of its central government. On May 23, 1951, the Central People's Government and the Local Government of Tibet signed the "Seventeen Point Agreement for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet". On September 9, 1965, the Tibet Autonomous Region was officially inaugurated.
Climate: Tibet's climate, due to the impact of topography and atmospheric circulation, is unique and varied. In general,the climate in Tibet is cold and dry in northwest and warm and humid in southeast.As the altitude increases, the air pressure decreases, the air density decreases, oxygen content per cubic meter of air gradually decreasing, equivalent to 73% as that of sea level in an altitude of 3000 meters, 4000 meters at approximately62% -65.4%, 5000 meters at approximately 59%, lower than 52% above 6000 meters.Tibet has the most solar radiation in China and it also has the country's longest hours of sunshine.
Transportation: Air-As of July 2011, in the Tibet Autonomous Region has opened flights to Lhasa Gongga Airport, Changdu Banda Airport, Nyingchi Mainling Airport, Ngari Gunsa Airport, and Shigatse Peace Airport.
Railway- Qinghai-Tibet Railway is the busiest railway from Tibet to the other parts of China. Foreigners who want to take a train need to have the permission from central government.
Highway-By the end of 2009, the region's total highway mileage of 53,634.36 km, an increase of 2320.42 kilometers over the end of 2008. Qinghai-Tibet highway, Xinjiang-Tibet highway, Sichuan-Tibet Highway, and Yunnan-Tibet Highway are four major highways which connect Tibet to other provinces in China.
Specialties: saffron crocus, silver ornament
Local Food: highland barley wine, buttered tea
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