Shandong Travel Guide
|Transportation||Shandong Hotels||Shandong Attractions|
|Shandong Nightlife||Shandong Shopping||Shandong Food|
Location: Shandong Pronvince is located at the lower reaches of the Yellow River in East China.
Area: 157,800 square kilometer
Nationalities: Han, Hui, Miao, Korea, Manchu, Mongolia
History: Shandong has been a political, economic and cultural center of China since ancient times. During the early Xia Dynasty, in 21st century B.C., the tribes of the Dongyi people lived here. The early activity center of the Shang Dynasty (from around 17 B.C. to 11 B.C.), was in Southwest Shandong. During the Spring and Autumn Period, (between 770 B.C. and 221 B.C.), the Qi and Lu states under the Western Zhou Dynasty (from around 11th century B.C. to 256 B.C.), are now the largest states in today's Shandong. Since the two states exerted a significant influence on the politics, economy and culture in history of China, Shandong is also nicknamed "Qilu"; furthermore, "Lu" is used as an abbreviation for the province.
Shandong was first used as a geographical name during the Warring States period (475 B.C.-221B.C.).It generally referred to the area east of the Taihang Mountain. The name Shandong was used to describe an administrative area in the Jin Dynasty (1115-1234). During the Yuan Dynasty (1206-1368), the government established Shandong "dao" (an administrative division at that time).In the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), the government established Shandong "buzhengsi" (an administrative division), forming a territory similar to today's Shandong Province; most of the names of the counties were used up until recently. Shandong Province was formally established in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), with its capital at Jinan. After the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949, the province assumed its present administrative division after several adjustments.
Climate: Shandong has a warm-temperate monsoonal climate, with hot, rainy summers and dry, sunny winters. It has a mean annual temperature of 10.5 to 13.5 degrees Celsius - the hottest month, July, averaging 24 to 27 degrees Celsius and the coldest month, January, -4 to 1 degrees Celsius - and a mean annual precipitation of 550-950mm.
Transportation: Airport-Mt. Tai Taian is 90 kilometers away from Jinan Yao Qiang Airport, but there is no direct bus between them. If you take plain or get off to tour Mt. Tai, it is must to transfer in Jinan.
Highway-Mt.Tai The highways of Taian City are developed, arriving at Beijing, Shanghai, Fuzhou, and some cities of Shandong province directly. It is 63 kilometers from Taian to Jinan, about 68 kilometers from Qufu, so you can get within one hour no matter by bus or train.
Qufu Bus Station is located in No.1, Jingxuan east road, the north of 327 national highway. Draw near to Kong Family Mansion, Temple of Confucius, and Cemetery of Confucius. It holds less coaches to other provinces.
The coach to Jinan began from 6:00am-21:00pm, one coach per 20 minutes.
Railway-Mt. Tai Trains in Mt. Tai Railway Station are direct through to the main cities and ports of China. It take about 4.5 hours to Beijing, and 6.5 hours to Shanghai.
Qufu railway station is very small, only a little trains through to Beijing, Henan, etc., Yan Zhou station is the only way for Qufu Tour. Generally, tourists have to get Yan Zhou by train firstly, then take the bus to Qufu. In addition, you could get off at Qufu Cheng Nan, then take bus No. 5 to the city center.
Local Specialties: Qufu Kai Carve, Qufu Beitie, Qufu Nishan Inklab, Black Jade on Mt. Tai, Swallow Stone on Mt.Tai
Local Food: Banquet of Kong Family Mansion, Smoked Bean Curd, F Phenix Fin , u Shou Mian Chang, Braised Pork Balls in Gravy Sauce, Peach-sh Mandarin Duck Chicken, Taian Battercake, Fried Red Squama Fish,
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