Location: Kunming(昆明) is located in the center of the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau. It is the capital city of Yunnan Province.
Area: 21473 square kilometers
Nationalities: Yi, Hui, Bai, Miao, Han
History: Kunming has a long history and splendid culture. It is one of the first batch of 24 historical and cultural cities announced by the State Council. The Dianchi Lake area has a history of 3,000 years of civilization. About 30,000 years ago, there were human beings living in the Dianchi Lake area.
In the third century BC (before the era from 298 to 277 years), a Chu general, Zhuang Qiao, mobilize people into Yunnan and arrived in Dianchi Lake area. He aligned with local tribal and established the "Yunnan country". From early Warring States Period to the Eastern Han Dynasty, "Dian People" created Dian Kingdom around Dianchi Lake, creating a unique "Yunnan culture."
After the establishment of the Western Han Dynasty, and the central government actively seek to develop the "Southwest" region. In 617 AD, the Tang Dynasty established ninety-two state in Yunnan. In Ming Dynasty, a large number of immigrants went to Yunnan. The Han population for the first time over is larger than the local indigenous people in Kunming.
In the late Qing Dynasty, since the Opium War, especially in 1885 (Guangxu eleven years) Sino-French War, France, Britain and other imperialist forces quickly invaded Yunnan. On February 24, 1950, Yunnan was peaceful liberated. On April 6, 1950, Kunming County People's Government was established.
Climate: Kunming belongs to low-latitude and subtropical latitude - mountain plateau monsoon climate. Due to the impact of the Indian Ocean southwest of warm air, Kunming has long sunshine hours and short frosty days. The annual average temperature is 15 ℃ and the average annual sunshine around 2200 hours. The frost-free period is more than 240 days.
Transportation: Airline- Kunming Changshui International Airport is the Chinese portal airport connecting Southeast Asia, South Asia and Eurasia.
Railway- Kunming Station is the central station in Kunming. The Shanghai-Kunming Railway, Chengdu-Kunming Railway, Nanning-Kunming Railway and Kunli Railway all starts and ends in Kunming Railway Station.
Highway- Kunming is one of the most important transportation hub in western China. As of 2012, the city's road length is more than 10,000 km.
Local specialties: tea, camellia, Kunming ivory carving
Local Food: Yunnan Rice Noodles
Events: Yi's torch festival(彝族火把节) usually held on Lunar June 24 or Lunar June 25 and the festival usually lasts 3 days. Although a variety of claims the Torch origin, but its origin has the most direct relationship with the nature worship of fire. It is to expect the use of fire insecticide pesticides to protect crops.