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We had an absolutely perfect day with our tour guide - Rogin Luo - who took us for a hike along The Great Wall! Didn't know what to expect and were thrilled to have him as our guide. Very imformative, knowledgable and fun! We go to experience a part of The Great Wall that was unrestored and see all its natural beauty. Got a long history lesson along the way!

After the hike, we all went to lunch at a small place at the bottom of the hill. Located in a house, we ate lunch in the proprietors bedroom! What a hoot! Rogin is the Best of the Best! This tour company delivered for us and we are extremely grateful.

Karenkatz,
Westborough, Massachusetts
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Home  »  China Travel Guide  »  Chinese Culture  »  Chinese Handicrafts  »  
Chinese Pottery

The invention of pottery is an important process for human civilization. In accordance with his will, human created a brand new thing with natural materials for the first time. Pottery from the late Paleolithic discovered in Yangyuan County, Hebei Province shows that Chinese pottery production has a history of more than 1700 years. Pottery is an important treasure of Chinese culture.

In brief, pottery is China’s oldest arts and crafts. As far as the Neolithic Age, there are rough and plain grey pottery, red pottery, white pottery, colored pottery, black pottery and so on. Glazed pottery and hard glazed pottery which has the characteristics of porcelain began to emerge in Shang dynasty. Porcelain created in the Eastern Han Dynasty. In Tang Dynasty, the production of technical and artistic creativity reached a high degree of maturity. In Song Dynasty, porcelain flourished and famous kilns emerged. Ceramics in the Ming and Qing Dynasties in terms of making blank, decoration, glazing to firing, the technic was better than the previous generation.


















Chinese ceramics has flourished, Yixing teapot, Shiwan pottery, three-color glazed pottery in Jieshou, Zibo drop colored pottery, Tongguan green glazed pottery, Chongning glazed pottery carving, Dehua porcelain carving, Jingdezhen willow bottles and Pteris bottles are known in the world. Invention of pottery is an important indicator of the development of human civilization, is the first human use of natural products, according to their own will, created a brand new thing.

People put clay mixed with water, made of various artifacts, dried by the fire roasting, a qualitative change lead to the formation of pottery. It opened a new chapter of human use and transform the nature, with a great significance. The emergence of pottery marked the beginning of the Neolithic. Invention of pottery also greatly improved the human condition. In the history of human development, it has opened up a new era.

Early Painted Pottery
Banpo Yangshao Painted Pottery Types
It was discovered in Shaanxi Xi'an Banpo Village, and then got its name. Banpo Yangshao Painted Pottery mainly distributed in eastern Gansu and Shaanxi Guanzhong area. Typical utensils of Banpo Yangshao Painted Pottery are roll lip pot, round bottom pot and bowl, small neck pot and so on. These utensils have relatively simple modeling. According to the results of radiocarbon dating, these utensils can be darted back to 4800 BC – 4300 BC.

Majiayao Painted Pottery Culture Type
It was found in Gansu Lintao County Majiayao Village in 1924, which range up to Qinghai, Ningxia, Sichuan and other provinces. The vessel shape mainly are pots, bowls, jars and bottles while pointed vessels are hard to find. According to the results of radiocarbon dating, these vessels ca be dated back to 3300 BC — 2900 BC.


















Black Pottery
In the final stage of the firing of artifacts, slowly add water to make charcoal off from the top of the kiln, produce smoke and deliberately let the smoke blackened the pottery, thus forming the black pottery. It is also a peak for Chinese Neolithic pottery industry after the emergence of painted pottery. In 1928, the first black pottery found in Zhangqiu County Longshan Town. As for its cultural heritage, archeology called "Longshan culture". According to the results of radiocarbon dating, these vessels ca be dated back to 2500 BC — 2000 BC.

This typical Longshan culture, also known as Shandong Longshan Culture, following Dawenkou culture developed a late Neolithic culture. Its distribution area is in Shandong and northern Jiangsu area. Pottery as an important feature of Shandong Longshan culture, it is another brilliant creation of Chinese painted pottery comparable with Neolithic pottery process.

White Pottery
White pottery is fired with kaolin and the texture is white and delicate. It originated in the Neolithic period, due to the improved production technology in Shang Dynasty, the raw materials to make washing is more sophisticated while grasping the degree of fire burning is just right, thus making even more sober lovely burnt artifacts. White pottery shapes mainly are pots, wine container, Gui and so on. White pottery was living utensils used by slave-owning aristocracy. Up to Zhou Dynasty, it gradually disappeared.

Stamped Pottery
The stamped pottery is firing up after specified parts are stamped. According to its firing temperature, stamped pottery can be divided into stamped polymer clay and stamped hard pottery. The former one can be further divided into argillaceous polymer clay and fine sand polymer clay whose color are bronzing, hoary and grey. Stamped polymer clay was popular from late Neolithic period to Shang Dynasty. As the firing temperature is high, stamped hard pottery is much harder than stamped polymer pottery and it is developed on the basis of stamped polymer pottery.




Add on: Papper Cutting
                Clay Figurine
               Chinese Sugar painting
               Chinese Embroidery
               Dough modelling





Trista





 

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