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We had an absolutely perfect day with our tour guide - Rogin Luo - who took us for a hike along The Great Wall! Didn't know what to expect and were thrilled to have him as our guide. Very imformative, knowledgable and fun! We go to experience a part of The Great Wall that was unrestored and see all its natural beauty. Got a long history lesson along the way!

After the hike, we all went to lunch at a small place at the bottom of the hill. Located in a house, we ate lunch in the proprietors bedroom! What a hoot! Rogin is the Best of the Best! This tour company delivered for us and we are extremely grateful.

Karenkatz,
Westborough, Massachusetts
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Home  »  China Travel Guide  »  Chinese Culture  »  Chinese Symbols  »  Giant Panda
Giant Panda

Giant Panda (大熊猫), a kind of mammal, is recognized as one of the cutest animals in China. Its fat body is chequered with black and white. It has black fur on ears, legs, arms and around eyes. Pandas have survived at least 800 million years on earth, known as the "living fossil" and "Chinese national treasure". It is also the image ambassador of the World Wildlife Fund and flagship species of the world’s biodiversity conservation. Panda is often associated with China, as panda has been the symbol of Chinese culture just as dragon in China. It is becoming widely used in China for international contexts, for instance, as the mascot of 2008 Beijing Olympics.

According to the third national survey on wild giant panda population, there are less than 1,600 pandas around the world. Giant panda has been listed as one-level protected animal in China. Until to October, 2011, the total amount of captive giant panda in China is 333. The wild panda lives for 18-20 years, while the captive panda exceeds 30 years. Giant pandas in China mainly inhabit in Sichuan, Gansu and Shaanxi provinces.

Inhabiting Environment
Giant panda prefer to madid surrounding, so in China, giant panda inhabit in mountains and valleys along the upper reaches of Yangtze River, where the humidity is often above 80% all the year round due to the influence of southeast monsoon. The habitat of panda in China covers an area of 20,000 square kilometers stretching across Sichuan, Shaanxi and Gansu provinces. Their active area is in the gentle slope belt under 20℃ in common, where the temperature is relatively stable and is rich in bamboo and water resources.


















Giant panda live in bamboo forest with an altitude of 2,600-3,500 meters, where the temperature is below 20℃ and the air is thin. Some other factors also effect the distribution of giant panda such as bamboo, terrain, water resource or whether hideout suitable for nurturing cubs or hide. Now the artificial disturb is the main element affecting the distribution of giant panda.

Living Habit
Everyday, giant panda spend half the time taking food and another half time sleeping. In the wild, giant panda sleep 2-4 hours between their two meals. Lying low, lying side, lying prostrate or scrunching are the favorite sleep modes of giant panda. In zoo, keepers feed them twice a day time regularly, so pandas can spend the remaining time sleeping.

99% of food eating by panda are bamboo, sometimes it maybe some wildflowers, vines, weeds even some meat. Giant panda has lower digestibility, so they get enough energy by eating a lot and exhausting quickly. Giant panda ingest different parts of bamboo depending on different seasons. In spring and summer, giant panda prefer bamboo shoot. In autumn, panda focus on bamboo leaf and in winter they live on bamboo stalk. Its daily feed intake as follows: 23-40 kilograms’ bamboo shoots; 10-18 kilograms’ bamboo leaf; 17 kilograms’ bamboo stalk.

Besides of bamboo, giant panda is keen on water. They have to drink water at least one time on day. In order to take water nearby, giant panda settle close to streams flowing water. During the winter, after the water is frozen, giant panda often break up the ice with front foot or dig a 25*20 meters’ shallow hole to lick.


















Conservation
The giant panda is an endangered species, the protection of whom is imminent. All studies and conservation activities are put into practice in China.
1. Protect panda by law
  sentenced to 10 years’ imprisonment for hunting and smuggling panda.
2.Establish natural reserves. Until now more than 30 natural reserves centering on giant panda            have been set up.
3. Strengthen the work of giant pandas in captivity and breeding. Giant panda Breeding Research Base and Giant Panda Research Center have been established in the northern suburb of Chengdu and Wolong, Aba Prefecture. 


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